Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Poales > Poaceae > Festuca > Festuca rubra

Festuca rubra (red fescue; ravine fescue)

Synonyms: Avena dura; Bromus glaucus; Bromus secundus; Festuca alexeevii; Festuca alexeevii var. villispiculata; Festuca alpestris; Festuca alpigena; Festuca ammobia; Festuca arundinacea; Festuca askelofiana; Festuca atlantigena; Festuca aucta; Festuca aurasiaca; Festuca baicalensis; Festuca baicalensis var. tjulinae; Festuca balearica; Festuca baltica; Festuca barbata; Festuca briquetii; Festuca cambrica; Festuca clarkei; Festuca communis; Festuca daghestanica; Festuca densiuscula; Festuca duriuscula var. nemoralis; Festuca duriuscula var. rubra; Festuca duriuscula var. subvillosa; Festuca duriuscula var. vivipara; Festuca egena; Festuca eriantha; Festuca fallax; Festuca fallax f. longifolia; Festuca font-queri; Festuca gallica; Festuca glabra; Festuca glauca; Festuca glaucescens; Festuca halleri; Festuca helgolandica; Festuca heterophylla var. subheterophylla; Festuca hondoensis; Festuca iberica subsp. atlantigena; Festuca iberica subsp. yvesiana; Festuca inopoda; Festuca kirelowii; Festuca kitaibeliana; Festuca lanuginosa; Festuca limosa; Festuca longifolia; Festuca longiseta; Festuca michiganica; Festuca musashiensis; Festuca nankotaizanensis; Festuca niitakensis; Festuca oregona; Festuca ovina subsp. duriuscula; Festuca ovina subsp. major; Festuca ovina subsp. rubra; Festuca ovina var. duriuscula; Festuca ovina var. psammophila; Festuca ovina var. rubra; Festuca pallidiuscula; Festuca paucispicula; Festuca paucispiculata; Festuca planifolia; Festuca pluriflora; Festuca polonica; Festuca polyantha; Festuca pratensis; Festuca pruinosa; Festuca pseudonemorum; Festuca pseudorubra; Festuca pseudorubra var. subhomophylla; Festuca pseudovivipara; Festuca pubescens; Festuca richardsonii subsp. fraterculae; Festuca rivularis subsp. pseudorivularis; Festuca rubra f. alpestris; Festuca rubra f. glabra; Festuca rubra f. glabrispicula; Festuca rubra f. grandiflora; Festuca rubra f. littoralis; Festuca rubra f. longifolia; Festuca rubra f. megastachya; Festuca rubra f. pilosa; Festuca rubra f. pseudovivipara; Festuca rubra f. psilolemma; Festuca rubra f. squarrosa; Festuca rubra f. subheterophylla; Festuca rubra f. villosissima; Festuca rubra subsp. arenaria; Festuca rubra subsp. arenicola; Festuca rubra subsp. aucta; Festuca rubra subsp. baicalensis; Festuca rubra subsp. clarkei; Festuca rubra subsp. commutata; Festuca rubra subsp. corcovadensis; Festuca rubra subsp. daghestanica; Festuca rubra subsp. densiuscula; Festuca rubra subsp. diversifolia; Festuca rubra subsp. dumetorum; Festuca rubra subsp. duriuscula; Festuca rubra subsp. eriantha; Festuca rubra subsp. fallax; Festuca rubra subsp. font-queri; Festuca rubra subsp. fraterculae; Festuca rubra subsp. glabra; Festuca rubra subsp. glaucodea; Festuca rubra subsp. juncea; Festuca rubra subsp. kirelowii; Festuca rubra subsp. kitaibeliana; Festuca rubra subsp. lanuginosa; Festuca rubra subsp. limosa; Festuca rubra subsp. litoralis; Festuca rubra subsp. mediana; Festuca rubra subsp. megastachya; Festuca rubra subsp. pluriflora; Festuca rubra subsp. pruinosa; Festuca rubra subsp. pseudorivularis; Festuca rubra subsp. scotica; Festuca rubra subsp. secunda; Festuca rubra subsp. thessalica; Festuca rubra subsp. vallicola; Festuca rubra subsp. villosa; Festuca rubra subsp. vulgaris; Festuca rubra subsp. yvesiana; Festuca rubra var. abbreviata; Festuca rubra var. alaica; Festuca rubra var. arenaria; Festuca rubra var. atlantigena; Festuca rubra var. baicalensis; Festuca rubra var. cambrica; Festuca rubra var. clarkei; Festuca rubra var. fallax; Festuca rubra var. fraterculae; Festuca rubra var. glabra; Festuca rubra var. glabrata; Festuca rubra var. glauca; Festuca rubra var. hirsuta; Festuca rubra var. hirta; Festuca rubra var. hondoensis; Festuca rubra var. lanuginosa; Festuca rubra var. latifolia; Festuca rubra var. litoralis; Festuca rubra var. littoralis; Festuca rubra var. magnelii; Festuca rubra var. major; Festuca rubra var. mediana; Festuca rubra var. musakiensis; Festuca rubra var. nankotaizanensis; Festuca rubra var. nemoralis; Festuca rubra var. niitakensis; Festuca rubra var. pacifica; Festuca rubra var. paludicola; Festuca rubra var. pauciflora; Festuca rubra var. planifolia; Festuca rubra var. radnensis; Festuca rubra var. secunda; Festuca rubra var. squarrosa; Festuca rubra var. stapfiana; Festuca rubra var. subvillosa; Festuca rubra var. tenuifolia; Festuca rubra var. villosa; Festuca rubra var. vivipara; Festuca rubra var. vulgaris; Festuca rubra var. yvesiana; Festuca salina; Festuca septiflora; Festuca siracusana; Festuca steineri; Festuca subcontorta; Festuca trichophylla subsp. scabrescens; Festuca unifaria; Festuca unifaria var. izhorica; Festuca vallicola; Festuca villiflora; Festuca villosa; Festuca viridis; Festuca waldsteinii; Festuca yvesiana; Gramen rubrum; Poa tenuifolia var. oregona; Schedonorus dumetorum

Wikipedia Abstract

Festuca rubra subsp. commutata, commonly known as Chewing's fescue, is a species of grass. It is a perennial plant very common in lawns throughout Europe. The plant features filamentous leaves, with the leaf rolled in the shoot. It is a bunch grass without rhizomes.
View Wikipedia Record: Festuca rubra


Height [3]  28 inches (.72 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Porous
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 2 Low Temperature: -50 F° (-45.6 C°) → -40 F° (-40 C°)
Light Preference [4]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [4]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [4]  Intermediate
Soil Moisture [4]  Moist
Water Use [2]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  Yellow
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Bloom Period [2]  Mid Spring
Dispersal Mode [5]  Anemochory
Drought Tolerance [2]  Medium
Fire Tolerance [2]  High
Frost Free Days [2]  90 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Summer
Growth Form [2]  Rhizomatous
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Fall
Growth Rate [2]  Moderate
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Seed, Sod
Regrowth Rate [2]  Moderate
Root Depth [2]  12 inches (30 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  454086 / lb (1001089 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Decumbent
Structure [6]  Grass
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  Rapid

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Aniakchak National Monument National Preserve Ib 458519 Alaska, United States
Aulavik National Park II 3021211 Northwest Territories, Canada
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Basegi Zapovednik Ia 93739 Perm, Russia
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Bering Land Bridge National Preserve Ib 2823882 Alaska, United States
Berwyn a Mynyddoedd de Clwyd/ Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains 67265 Wales, United Kingdom
Bolshekhekhtsirsky Zapovednik Ia 112282 Khabarovsk, Russia
Cairngorms 142543 Scotland, United Kingdom
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands 354692 Scotland, United Kingdom
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve V 619089 Jilin, China  
Chirripó National Park II 126117 Costa Rica  
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Essex Estuaries 114016 England, United Kingdom
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fraser Biosphere Reserve 23050 Colorado, United States  
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Gates of the Arctic National Park Ib 184461 Alaska, United States
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Katmai National Park and Preserve Ib 421782 Alaska, United States
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kedrovaya Pad Zapovednik Ia 44224 Primorsky Krai , Russia
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kenai Fjords National Park Ib 574822 Alaska, United States
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kobuk Valley National Park Ib 1576553 Alaska, United States
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Lago Puelo National Park II 47607 Chubut, Argentina
Lake Clark National Park and Preserve Ib 386679 Alaska, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Los Alerces National Park II 463045 Chubut, Argentina  
Magadansky Zapovednik 2332834 Russia  
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Migneint–Arenig–Dduallt 49343 Wales, United Kingdom
Moor House – Upper Teesdale 95867 England, United Kingdom
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Strathglass Complex 58277 Scotland, United Kingdom
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom
Taimyrsky Biosphere Reserve Ia 4403240 Taimyr, Russia
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Ussuriysky Zapovednik Ia 99910 Primorsky Krai , Russia
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Waddensea of Hamburg Biosphere Reserve 31422 Germany  
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Winisk River Provincial Park II 434735 Ontario, Canada
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada



Actebia praecox (Portland Moth)[7]
Agriphila straminella[8]
Anser albifrons (Greater White-fronted Goose)[9]
Apamea oblonga (Crescent Striped)[7]
Aphidura pannonica cretacea[7]
Aphidura pannonica pannonica[7]
Aptinothrips rufus[7]
Atalopedes campestris (Field skipper)[9]
Balanococcus conglobatus[10]
Balanococcus poae[11]
Brachaspis nivalis[11]
Branta bernicla (Brent Goose)[12]
Branta leucopsis (Barnacle Goose)[12]
Calcarius lapponicus (Lapland Longspur)[9]
Cerodontha flavocingulata[7]
Chionomys nivalis (European snow vole)[13]
Coenonympha pamphilus (Small Heath Butterfly)[8]
Conostethus brevis[7]
Conostethus griseus[7]
Contarinia festucae[7]
Costelytra zealandica[11]
Crambus perlella <Unverified Name>[8]
Dolerus niger <Unverified Name>[8]
Elachista argentella[7]
Elachista triatomea[7]
Elachista triseriatella[7]
Erebia alberganus (Almond Ringlet)[9]
Erebia epistygne[9]
Erebia manto (Yellow-spotted Ringlet)[9]
Erebia oeme (Bright Eyed Ringlet)[9]
Erebia palarica[9]
Erebia tyndarus (Swiss Brassy Ringlet)[9]
Erebia zapateri (Zapater's Ringlet)[9]
Eriococcus glyceriae (grass felt scale)[10]
Eriococcus granulatus[10]
Eriococcus inermis[7]
Eriococcus insignis (remarkable felt scale)[10]
Eriopeltis festucae (cottony grass scale)[10]
Eriopeltis stammeri (cottony grass scale)[10]
Eriophyes tenuis <Unverified Name>[7]
Hepialus fusconebulosa[7]
Heterococcus nudus (naked grass-mealybug)[10]
Hipparchia hermione[9]
Hipparchia semele (Grayling)[7]
Hybolasioptera cerealis <Unverified Name>[7]
Hybolasioptera fasciata[7]
Jassidaeus lugubris[8]
Lecanopsis formicarum[10]
Leptopterna dolabrata (meadow plant bug)[8]
Leptopterna ferrugata[8]
Luperina nickerlii (Sandhill Rustic)[7]
Megaloceraea recticornis <Unverified Name>[7]
Melanargia galathea (Marbled White)[7]
Meromyza saltatrix (Wheat Stem Maggot Fly)[7]
Metopolophium festucae[7]
Metopolophium sabihae[7]
Metopolophium tenerum[7]
Mohelnaspis massiliensis (grass scale)[10]
Neophilaenus lineatus[8]
Notostira elongata[7]
Opomyza germinationis[7]
Orocrambus flexuosellus[11]
Oscinella frit (fruit fly)[7]
Oscinella nitidissima[7]
Oscinella vastator[7]
Pachynematus clitellatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Pachytomella parallela[7]
Peliococcus balteatus (girdled mealybug)[10]
Philaenus spumarius (meadow froghopper)[7]
Phytomyza nigra[7]
Plectrophenax nivalis (Snow Bunting)[9]
Rhizoecus californicus (California ground mealybug)[10]
Rhizoecus graminis (graminis ground mealybug)[10]
Rhizoecus rumicis (Grassroot mealybug)[11]
Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae (apple grain aphid)[7]
Rhytistylus proceps[7]
Ripersiella oliveri <Unverified Name>[11]
Rivula sericealis (Straw Dot Moth)[8]
Rupicapra pyrenaica (Pyrenean chamoios)[14]
Satyrus actaea (Black Satyr)[9]
Sipha glyceriae[7]
Sipha littoralis[7]
Stenodema laevigata[8]
Stenodema laevigatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Stiphrosoma laetum[9]
Taiwanaphis niuginii[7]
Tetramesa brevicollis[7]
Tetramesa brevicornis[7]
Trigonotylus ruficornis[7]
Trionymus incertus[10]
Trionymus thulensis (northern mealybug)[10]
Wiseana cervinata[11]
Zyginidia scutellaris[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


Bassegi Zapovednik; North America; Oceania; Subarctic & Temp. Northern Hemisphere;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish Plants: Status, Size, Life History, Geography and Habitats, M. O. Hill, C. D. Preston & D. B. Roy, Biological Records Centre, NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (2004)
4ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
5Paula S, Arianoutsou M, Kazanis D, Tavsanoglu Ç, Lloret F, Buhk C, Ojeda F, Luna B, Moreno JM, Rodrigo A, Espelta JM, Palacio S, Fernández-Santos B, Fernandes PM, and Pausas JG. 2009. Fire-related traits for plant species of the Mediterranean Basin. Ecology 90: 1420.
Paula S. & Pausas J.G. 2013. BROT: a plant trait database for Mediterranean Basin species. Version 2013.06.
6Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
8Ecology of Commanster
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
11New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
12del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
13SNOW VOLE - Chionomys nivalis (Martins 1842), Janeau G., Aulagnier S., IBEX J.M.E. 4:1997
14Trophic utilization of a montane/subalpine forest by chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica) in the Central Pyrenees, R. Garcia-Gonzalez, P. Cuartas, Forest Ecology and Management 88 (1996) 15-23
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access