Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Poales > Poaceae > Saccharum > Saccharum officinarum
 

Saccharum officinarum (sugarcane)

Synonyms: Arundo saccharifera; Saccharifera officinalis; Saccharum atrorubens; Saccharum bataviense; Saccharum fragile; Saccharum glabrum; Saccharum hybridum; Saccharum infirmum; Saccharum luzonicum; Saccharum maddenii; Saccharum monandrum; Saccharum occidentale; Saccharum officinale; Saccharum officinarum var. atrorubens; Saccharum officinarum var. brevipedicellatum; Saccharum officinarum var. fragile; Saccharum officinarum var. genuinum; Saccharum officinarum var. giganteum; Saccharum officinarum var. glabrum; Saccharum officinarum var. jamaicense; Saccharum officinarum var. litteratum; Saccharum officinarum var. litteratum-breve; Saccharum officinarum var. luridum; Saccharum officinarum var. luteum-durum; Saccharum officinarum var. luzonicum; Saccharum officinarum var. obscurum; Saccharum officinarum var. oceanicum; Saccharum officinarum var. otaheitense; Saccharum officinarum var. purpureum; Saccharum officinarum var. rubicundum; Saccharum officinarum var. rubrum-altum; Saccharum officinarum var. rubrum-humile; Saccharum officinarum var. tahitense; Saccharum officinarum var. variegatum; Saccharum officinarum var. violaceum; Saccharum rubicundum; Saccharum spontaneum subsp. luzonicum; Saccharum violaceum

Wikipedia Abstract

Saccharum officinarum, Sugarcane, is a large, strong-growing species of grass in the genus Saccharum. It originated in southeast Asia and is now cultivated in tropical and subtropical countries worldwide for the production of sugar and other products.
View Wikipedia Record: Saccharum officinarum

Attributes

Height [2]  12.1 feet (3.7 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Dense
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [2]  Mostly Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Water Use [2]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  White
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Late Winter
Drought Tolerance [2]  High
Fire Tolerance [2]  High
Frost Free Days [2]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Winter
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Spring
Growth Form [2]  Bunch
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Seed, Sod, Sprig, Tuber
Regrowth Rate [2]  Rapid
Root Depth [2]  24 inches (61 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Low
Shape/Orientation [2]  Semi-Erect
Structure [3]  Grass
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  Moderate

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Mburucuyá National Park II   Corrientes, Argentina  
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      
Tuabaquey - Limones Ecological Reserve II 4859 Cuba  

Predators

Acanthomytilus sacchari[4]
Aclerda sacchari[4]
Aclerda tokionis[5]
Antonina graminis (felted grass coccid)[4]
Arrhenes dschilus (Iris Skipper)[6]
Arrhenes marnas (Affinis Skipper)[7]
Aspidiella sacchari (sugarcane scale)[4]
Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)[4]
Aulacaspis madiunensis (Sugarcane scale)[4]
Aulacaspis neoguineensis[4]
Aulacaspis takarai[4]
Aulacaspis tegalensis (sugarcane scale)[4]
Aulacaspis wakayamaensis[4]
Birendracoccus saccharifolii[4]
Brassolis astyra[7]
Brassolis sophorae[7]
Brevennia rehi (tuttle mealybug)[4]
Caligo illioneus (Owl butterfly)[7]
Calisto archebates[7]
Calisto pulchella[7]
Cannococcus ikshu[4]
Ceratrichia phocion[7]
Chilo agamemnon[7]
Chilo infuscatellus[7]
Chilo sacchariphagus[7]
Choranthus haitensis[7]
Choranthus vitellius[7]
Chorizococcus caribaeus[4]
Chorizococcus talipikanus[4]
Coccus fagi <Unverified Name>[4]
Coccus longulus (long brown scale)[4]
Coccus takanoi[4]
Coptotermes formosanus (Taiwan subterranean termite)[7]
Corticea corticea[7]
Cymaenes tripunctus[7]
Dayus euryphaessus[7]
Diaspis bromeliae (pineapple scale)[4]
Diatraea saccharalis (Sugarcane Borer)[7]
Discophora celinde[7]
Duplachionaspis natalensis (mango scale)[4]
Duplachionaspis saccharifolii (cane leaf scale of java)[4]
Dysmicoccus boninsis (citrophilus mealybug)[4]
Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)[4]
Dysmicoccus carens[4]
Dysmicoccus trispinosus[4]
Eoreuma loftini[7]
Erionota thrax (banana skipper)[7]
Erium pygmaeum[4]
Eumetopina flavipes (island sugarcane planthopper)[7]
Eumyrmococcus smithii[4]
Eutychide complana[7]
Eutychide subcordata[7]
Ferrisia virgata (grey mealybug)[4]
Formicococcus lindingeri <Unverified Name>[4]
Formicococcus lingnani <Unverified Name>[4]
Gangara thyrsis (Giant Redeye)[7]
Geoica lucifuga (Sugarcane root aphid)[7]
Heliococcus summervillei[4]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[5]
Heteronychus arator (African black beetle)[7]
Hylephila phylaeus (fiery skipper)[7]
Kiritshenkella sacchari[4]
Laminicoccus pandani[4]
Leptocorisa acuta[7]
Leptodictya tabida (sugarcane lace bug)[8]
Lerodea eufala (rice leaffolder)[7]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[4]
Madagasia cincinnata[4]
Margarodes australis[4]
Margarodes salisburiensis[4]
Melanaphis sacchari (Sugarcane aphid)[7]
Melanaspis saccharicola[4]
Melanaspis smilacis (Smilax scale)[5]
Melanitis leda (Evening brown butterfly)[7]
Membranaria sacchari[4]
Metamasius hemipterus[7]
Mizococcus sacchari[4]
Monza cretacea[7]
Mycalesis mineus (Dark brand bush brown butterfly)[7]
Neomaskellia bergii[7]
Neoripersia ogasawarensis[4]
Nilaparvata lugens (Brown planthopper)[7]
Ninus insignis[7]
Nyctelius nyctelius[7]
Ocybadistes hypomeloma (Pale Orange Dart)[7]
Odonaspis saccharicaulis (paragrass scale)[4]
Oriens augustula[7]
Orsotriaena medus[7]
Ostrinia furnacalis[7]
Panoquina evadnes[7]
Panoquina nero[7]
Panoquina ocola (Ocola Skipper)[7]
Panoquina panoquinoides (Saltmarsh skipper)[7]
Papilio fuscus (Smaller Helen swallowtail)[7]
Parachoranthus magdalia[7]
Paracoccus eastopi[4]
Paracoccus spinulosus[4]
Parasaissetia nigra (nigra scale)[5]
Parnara guttatus[7]
Parnara naso (African Straight)[7]
Pelopidas conjuncta (Conjoined Swift)[7]
Pelopidas mathias (Dark Small-branded Swift)[7]
Perichares philetes[7]
Phenacoccus hargreavesi[4]
Phenacoccus parvus[4]
Phenacoccus puncticulatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Planococcus halli[4]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[4]
Polyocha depressella[7]
Polytremis lubricans (Contiguous Swift)[7]
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)[5]
Pseudococcus saccharicola (yellowish sugarcane mealybug)[4]
Pulvinaria elongata (cottony grass scale)[4]
Pulvinaria saccharia[4]
Pulvinaria tenuivalvata (cottony grass scale)[4]
Rhizoecus albus[4]
Rhopalosiphum maidis (Corn aphid)[5]
Saccharicoccus sacchari (pink sugarcane mealybug)[4]
Saccharolecanium krugeri[4]
Salamis augustina[7]
Sesamia calamistis[7]
Sesamia inferens[7]
Sesamia nonagrioides[7]
Sipha flava (yellow sugarcane aphid)[7]
Spodoptera mauritia (lawn armyworm)[7]
Symonicoccus australis (Grass scale)[4]
Trionymus internodii[4]
Trionymus radicicola[4]
Trionymus townesi[4]
Vasdavidius indicus[7]
Wallengrenia otho (Southern Broken Dash)[7]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Achlysiella williamsi <Unverified Name>[6]
Ditylenchus anchilisposomus <Unverified Name>[6]
Helicotylenchus dihystera <Unverified Name>[6]
Helicotylenchus erythrinae <Unverified Name>[6]
Hemicriconemoides mangiferae <Unverified Name>[6]
Hemicriconemoides obtusus <Unverified Name>[6]
Hemicriconemoides squamosus <Unverified Name>[6]
Hemicycliophora labiata <Unverified Name>[6]

Distribution

Caribbean; North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
5Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
6Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Leptodictya tabida (Herrich-Schaeffer) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Tingidae), Ru Nguyen, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, and David G. Hall, U.S. Sugar Corporation, July 1998
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access