Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Poales > Poaceae > Vulpia > Vulpia bromoides
 

Vulpia bromoides (brome fescue; brome six-weeks grass; desert fescue)

Synonyms: Bromus ambiguus; Bromus dertonensis; Distomischus sciuroides; Distomischus subuniglumis; Festuca brachypoda; Festuca bromoides; Festuca bromoides var. nana; Festuca bromoides var. pseudomyuros; Festuca bromoides var. tenella; Festuca commutata; Festuca dertonensis; Festuca dertonensis var. gracilis; Festuca dertonensis var. sciuroides; Festuca geniculata var. monandra; Festuca hordeiformis; Festuca myuros subsp. sciuroides; Festuca myuros var. bromoides; Festuca myuros var. sciuroides; Festuca onurus; Festuca panormitana; Festuca sciuroides; Festuca uniglumis; Festuca willemetii; Lolium bromoides; Mygalurus bromoides; Mygalurus uniglumis; Vulpia bromoides f. gracilis; Vulpia bromoides subsp. sciuroides; Vulpia dertonensis; Vulpia exserta; Vulpia granulata; Vulpia myuros subsp. bromoides; Vulpia myuros subsp. sciuroides; Vulpia myuros var. dertonensis; Vulpia myuros var. sciuroides; Vulpia panormitana; Vulpia sciuroides; Vulpia sciuroides var. gracilis; Vulpia uniglumis; Zerna bromoides

Wikipedia Abstract

Vulpia bromoides, brome fescue, is a grass species native to Europe, North Africa, and Asia Minor. It has been introduced to North America, the Hawaiian Islands, Puerto Rico and other places. This bunchgrass has also been classified under the binomial Bromus dertonensis.As an introduced species in North America, brome fescue is found primarily in the western part of Canada, the southern and western part of the United States, and northern Mexico.
View Wikipedia Record: Vulpia bromoides

Invasive Species

Vulpia bromoides Is an annual weed of native grasslands and pastures in temperate climates of both the Northern and Southern hemispheres. Weedy annual grasses can reduce biodiversity on native grasslands, impede their restoration, and alter ecosystem processes. As a pasture weed, V. bromoides reduces productivity of grasslands; it has low palatability, and its seeds can damage hides and fleece of grazing animals. It readily invade wherever disturbance occurs. Integrated management which combines pasture rest, herbicide treatment and fertilizer application is shown to reduce seed production and improve control.
View ISSG Record: Vulpia bromoides

Attributes

Height [1]  15 inches (.37 m)
Light Preference [2]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [2]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Mostly Infertile
Soil Moisture [2]  Mostly Dry
Lifespan [1]  Annual
Structure [3]  Grass

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Assateague Island National Seashore II 8621 Maryland, United States
Berwyn a Mynyddoedd de Clwyd/ Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains 67265 Wales, United Kingdom
Braulio Carrillo National Park II 117843 Costa Rica  
Braunton Burrows 3328 England, United Kingdom
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Castel Porziano (Tenuta presidenziale) 14923 Italy  
Dickkopf - Bendeleber Forst - NSG Gatterberge 3030 Germany  
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Erdfallgebiet Frauensee 2634 Germany  
Eryri/ Snowdonia 48773 Wales, United Kingdom  
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Firth of Tay & Eden Estuary 38085 Scotland, United Kingdom
Gohrischheide und Elbniederterrasse Zeithain 6558 Germany  
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
H.J. Andrews Biosphere Reserve 15815 Oregon, United States
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Königsbrücker Heide 17129 Germany  
Kinloch and Kyleakin Hills 13015 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Lago Puelo National Park II 47607 Chubut, Argentina
Lands End and Cape Bank 74557 England, United Kingdom  
Limestone Coast of South West Wales/ Arfordir Calchfaen de Orllewin Cymru 3940 Wales, United Kingdom  
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Lochs Duich, Long and Alsh Reefs 5883 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Los Alerces National Park II 463045 Chubut, Argentina  
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
Norfolk Island National Park II 1723 Australian external territories, Australia  
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
North Somerset and Mendip Bats 1387 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
NSG 'Eulenmühle / Eulenmühle/Welschwies' 220 Germany  
Oberlausitzer Heide - und Teichlandschaft Nature Reserve IV 32467 Germany  
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Seeberg - Siebleber Teich 1436 Germany  
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
Steinbach - Truppenübungsgelände 311 Germany  
Strathglass Complex 58277 Scotland, United Kingdom
Tennessee River Gorge   Tennessee, United States
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Waddensea Area Nature Reserve with Management Subsidy IV 600666 Netherlands  
Wyperfeld National Park II 890865 Victoria, Australia
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States

Ecosystems

Predators

Dama dama (fallow deer)[4]
Phytomyza nigra[5]
Tetramesa brevicollis[5]
Vicugna pacos (alpaca)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Puccinia hordei (Barley brown rust)[7]

Distribution

Caribbean; North America; Oceania;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish Plants: Status, Size, Life History, Geography and Habitats, M. O. Hill, C. D. Preston & D. B. Roy, Biological Records Centre, NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (2004)
2ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Dama dama, George A. Feldhamer, Kelly C. Farris-Renner, and Celeste M. Barker, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 317, pp. 1-8 (1988)
5Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
6BOTANICAL COMPOSITION OF ALPACA (Lama pacos Linn.) DIET IN A CENTRAL MEDITERRANEAN RANGE OF CHILE, G. Castellaro G., F. Squella N., F. León C., and A. Raggi S., CHILEAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH 68:136-145 (APRIL-JUNE 2008)
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access