Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Poales > Poaceae > Bromus > Bromus hordeaceus
 

Bromus hordeaceus (soft brome; soft chess)

Synonyms: Bromus hordeaceus var. typicus; Bromus mollis subsp. hordeaceus; Bromus mollis var. hordeaceus; Bromus secalinus var. hordeaceus; Bromus segetalis var. hordeaceus; Serrafalcus hordeaceus

Wikipedia Abstract

Bromus hordeaceus, soft brome, is an annual or biennial species of grass in the true grass family (Poaceae). It is also known in North America as bull grass, soft cheat, and soft chess.It is the most common species of Bromus in Britain, where it can be found on roadsides, waste ground, meadows, and cultivated land. It is found throughout Europe and western Asia, and was introduced into North and South America and Australia.Synonyms of the species name include Bromus mollis and B. thominii.
View Wikipedia Record: Bromus hordeaceus

Infraspecies

Attributes

Height [2]  31 inches (.8 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  High
Light Preference [3]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [3]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [3]  Mostly Infertile
Soil Moisture [3]  Mostly Dry
Dispersal Mode [4]  Zoochory, Anemochory
Lifespan [2]  Annual
Structure [5]  Grass

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
In den Rödern bei Babenhausen 211 Germany  
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Lago Puelo National Park II 47607 Chubut, Argentina
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Norfolk Island National Park II 1723 Australian external territories, Australia  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
San Dimas Biosphere Reserve 17161 California, United States  

Ecosystems

Predators

Callipepla californica (Californian Quail)[6]
Elymana sulphurella[7]
Lepus granatensis (Granada Hare)[8]
Macrosteles sexnotatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Orocrambus cyclopicus[9]
Phorbia fumigata[7]
Satyrus actaea (Black Satyr)[6]
Sylvilagus bachmani (Brush Rabbit)[10]
Vicugna pacos (alpaca)[11]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Blumeria graminis[6]
Phorbia fumigata[7]
Puccinia recondita[6]
Ustilago bullata[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Distribution

Europe, Medit. to Russian Far East, introduced worlwide; North America; Oceania;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish Plants: Status, Size, Life History, Geography and Habitats, M. O. Hill, C. D. Preston & D. B. Roy, Biological Records Centre, NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (2004)
3ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
4Paula S, Arianoutsou M, Kazanis D, Tavsanoglu Ç, Lloret F, Buhk C, Ojeda F, Luna B, Moreno JM, Rodrigo A, Espelta JM, Palacio S, Fernández-Santos B, Fernandes PM, and Pausas JG. 2009. Fire-related traits for plant species of the Mediterranean Basin. Ecology 90: 1420.
Paula S. & Pausas J.G. 2013. BROT: a plant trait database for Mediterranean Basin species. Version 2013.06.
5Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Ecology of Commanster
8Diet of the Iberian hare (Lepus granatensis) in a mountain ecosystem, Joana Paupério & Paulo Célio Alves, Eur J Wildl Res (2008) 54:571–579
9New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
10Sylvilagus bachmani, Joseph A. Chapman, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 34, pp. 1-4 (1974)
11BOTANICAL COMPOSITION OF ALPACA (Lama pacos Linn.) DIET IN A CENTRAL MEDITERRANEAN RANGE OF CHILE, G. Castellaro G., F. Squella N., F. León C., and A. Raggi S., CHILEAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH 68:136-145 (APRIL-JUNE 2008)
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access