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Cornus sanguinea (bloodtwig dogwood)

Synonyms: Swida sanguinea; Thelycrania sanguinea

Wikipedia Abstract

Cornus sanguinea, the common dogwood, is a species of dogwood native to most of Europe and western Asia, occurring north to southern England and southern Scandinavia, and east to the Caspian Sea. It is widely grown as an ornamental plant.
View Wikipedia Record: Cornus sanguinea

Infraspecies

Attributes

Height [3]  9.8 feet (3 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Light Preference [5]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [5]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [5]  Intermediate
Soil Moisture [5]  Moist
Bee Flower Color [2]  Blue-Green
Flower Color [2]  White
Dispersal Mode [6]  Endozoochory
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [3]  Contrary to some reports, the fruit is not poisonous, but the leaves can cause skin irritations to sensitive people;
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [4]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Scent [3]  The flowers have a rather unpleasant smell to most people, though they are attractive to insects.
Specific Gravity [7]  0.68
Structure [3]  Shrub
Usage [3]  The seed contains 45% of a non-drying oil; A non-drying oil is also obtained from the pericarp, it is used for lighting; The pericarp contains 19 - 35% oil; A greenish-blue dye is obtained from the fruit; The young stems are very flexible and are used in basketry; Wood - tough, hard. Used for small items such as tool handles, turnery etc; A good quality charcoal is obtained from the wood;
View Plants For A Future Record : Cornus sanguinea

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bath and Bradford-on-Avon Bats 265 England, United Kingdom  
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Blean Complex 1286 England, United Kingdom
Burnham Beeches 946 England, United Kingdom  
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Cerne and Sydling Downs 912 England, United Kingdom
Dahlberg 22 Germany  
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Galichia Gora Zapovednik Ia 568 Lipetsk, Russia
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Monti Nebrodi 173651 Italy  
North Somerset and Mendip Bats 1387 England, United Kingdom
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve IV 12219 Moscow, Russia
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tsentral'no-Chernozemny Biosphere Reserve Ia 13064 Kursk, Russia
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Zhuvintas Zapovednik 18223 Lithuania  

Predators

Acasis viretata[8]
Acleris umbrana[8]
Acrocephalus scirpaceus (Eurasian Reed Warbler)[9]
Anoecia corni[10]
Antispila petryi[8]
Auricularia auricula-judae (Jelly Ear)[10]
Callophrys rubi (Green Hairstreak Butterfly)[11]
Carpatolechia decorella[11]
Celastrina argiolus (Holly Blue Butterfly)[11]
Cepphis advenaria (Little Thorn Moth)[11]
Chionaspis corni (dogwood scale)[12]
Chionaspis salicis (black willow bark louse)[12]
Coccothraustes coccothraustes (Hawfinch)[10]
Coleophora ahenella[11]
Coleophora anatipennella[11]
Cyanistes caeruleus (Blue Tit)[10]
Cytospora corni[10]
Diaporthe pardalota[10]
Diaspidiotus perniciosus (California scale)[12]
Diplodia mamillana[10]
Discostroma corticola[10]
Erithacus rubecula (European Robin)[13]
Eupithecia exiguata (Mottled Pug)[11]
Euplexia lucipara (Small Angle Shades)[8]
Eupoecilia angustana[8]
Ficedula hypoleuca (European Pied Flycatcher)[13]
Jodis lactearia (Little Emerald)[11]
Leiosphaerella vexata[10]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[12]
Mollisia discolor[10]
Pammene rhediella[8]
Pandemis corylana[8]
Parus major (Great Tit)[10]
Phoenicurus ochruros (Black Redstart)[10]
Phytomyza agromyzina[10]
Poecile palustris (Marsh Tit)[10]
Pseudomassaria corni[10]
Pulvinaria hydrangeae (cottony hydrangea scale)[12]
Pulvinaria regalis (horse chestnut scale)[12]
Rhopobota myrtillana[8]
Spatalistis bifasciana[8]
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)[14]
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)[10]
Turdus iliacus (Redwing)[14]
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)[14]
Turdus philomelos (Song Thrush)[14]
Turdus pilaris (Fieldfare)[10]
Xestia ditrapezium <Unverified Name>[11]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Erysiphe tortilis[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Distribution

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Arnold SEJ, Faruq S, Savolainen V, McOwan PW, Chittka L, 2010 FReD: The Floral Reflectance Database — A Web Portal for Analyses of Flower Colour. PLoS ONE 5(12): e14287.
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish Plants: Status, Size, Life History, Geography and Habitats, M. O. Hill, C. D. Preston & D. B. Roy, Biological Records Centre, NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (2004)
5ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
6Paula S, Arianoutsou M, Kazanis D, Tavsanoglu Ç, Lloret F, Buhk C, Ojeda F, Luna B, Moreno JM, Rodrigo A, Espelta JM, Palacio S, Fernández-Santos B, Fernandes PM, and Pausas JG. 2009. Fire-related traits for plant species of the Mediterranean Basin. Ecology 90: 1420.
Paula S. & Pausas J.G. 2013. BROT: a plant trait database for Mediterranean Basin species. Version 2013.06.
7Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
8HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
9del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
10Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
11Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
12Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
13Frugivorous diet of autumn migrant Pied Flycatchers Ficedula hypoleuca: a review and new data, A. Hernández, Butll. GCA 16: 53-60, 1999
14Birds and berries: a study of an ecological interaction. Calton, Great Britain, Snow B.K., Snow D.W., 1988, T & AD Poyser. 268 p.
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access