Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Lamiales > Oleaceae > Ligustrum > Ligustrum japonicum

Ligustrum japonicum (Japanese privet)

Synonyms: Ligustridium japonicum; Ligustrum amamianum; Ligustrum amamianum var. rotundifolium; Ligustrum coriaceum; Ligustrum glabrum; Ligustrum japonicum f. difformis; Ligustrum japonicum f. leucocarpum; Ligustrum japonicum f. pubescens; Ligustrum japonicum f. rotundifolium; Ligustrum japonicum var. coriaceum; Ligustrum japonicum var. crassifolium; Ligustrum japonicum var. leucocarpum; Ligustrum japonicum var. pubescens; Ligustrum japonicum var. rotundifolium; Ligustrum japonicum var. spathulatum; Ligustrum japonicum var. syaryotense; Ligustrum kellerianum; Ligustrum lucidum var. coriaceum; Ligustrum macrophyllum; Ligustrum macrophyllum var. marginatum-aureum; Ligustrum ovatum; Ligustrum rotundifolium; Ligustrum rotundifolium var. pubescens; Ligustrum sieboldii; Ligustrum syringiflorum; Ligustrum syringifolium; Ligustrum taquetii

Wikipedia Abstract

Ligustrum japonicum (Japanese privet ; Japanese: ネズミモチ) is a species of Ligustrum (privet) native to central and southern Japan (Honshū, Shikoku, Kyūshū, Okinawa) and Korea. It is widely cultivated in other regions, and is naturalized in California and in the southeastern United States from Texas to Virginia.It is an evergreen shrub or small tree growing to 2–5 m (rarely 6 m) tall, with smooth, pale grey-brown bark on the stems.
View Wikipedia Record: Ligustrum japonicum


Height [3]  16.4 feet (5 m)
Width [3]  20 feet (6 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Dense
Shade Percentage [1]  82 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 10 Low Temperature: 30 F° (-1.1 C°) → 40 F° (4.4 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mostly Shady
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  White
Foliage Color [2]  Dark Green
Fruit Color [2]  Black
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Summer
Drought Tolerance [2]  Medium
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [2]  3 months 10 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Multiple Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Hazards [3]  Although no reports of toxicity have been seen for this species, at least one member of this genus is recorded as being mildly toxic and it is quite possible that other members of the genus also contain toxins;
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  18 inches (46 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Rapid
Seed Vigor [2]  High
Seeds Per [2]  4000 / lb (8818 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Structure [3]  Shrub
Usage [3]  A commercial insect wax is produced on the branches as a result of eggs being laid by insects; Another report says that the wax is produced by the plant due to the stimulation of the feeding insects; Yet another report says that the wax is produced by the insects; It is used for candles and as a polish for earthenware pots, book edges etc; The plant can be used as a hedge; It is very amenable to trimming.
View Plants For A Future Record : Ligustrum japonicum

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Moores Creek National Battlefield III 100 North Carolina, United States


Antherina suraka (Suraka Silk Moth)[4]
Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)[5]
Ceroplastes bergi[5]
Ceroplastes rubens (pink wax scale)[5]
Chrysomphalus bifasciculatus (bifasciculate scale)[5]
Dolbina inexacta[4]
Homona magnanima[4]
Ischnaspis longirostris (black line scale)[5]
Lecanodiaspis prosopidis[5]
Lepidosaphes kuwacola[5]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[5]
Megalopyge lanata[4]
Naxa seriaria[4]
Neoselenaspidus silvaticus[5]
Parlatoreopsis pyri[5]
Phenacoccus madeirensis (Mexican mealybug)[5]
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)[5]
Rothschildia orizaba[4]


Pollinated by 
Apis cerana (Asiatic honey bee)[6]
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[6]
Chlorophorus japonicus[6]
Xylocopa appendiculata[6]


Caribbean; North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access