Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Caryophyllales > Polygonaceae > Rumex > Rumex acetosa
 

Rumex acetosa (garden sorrel)

Wikipedia Abstract

Common sorrel or garden sorrel (Rumex acetosa), often simply called sorrel, is a perennial herb in the family Polygonaceae. Other names for sorrel include spinach dock and narrow-leaved dock. It is a common plant in grassland habitats and is cultivated as a garden herb or leaf vegetable (pot herb).
View Wikipedia Record: Rumex acetosa

Infraspecies

Attributes

Height [3]  24 inches (0.6 m)
Width [3]  12 inches (0.3 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Light Preference [4]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [4]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [4]  Mostly Infertile
Soil Moisture [4]  Moist
Bee Flower Color [2]  Blue-Green
Flower Color [2]  Red
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [3]  Dioecious
Hazards [3]  Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many members of this genus an acid-lemon flavour. Perfectly alright in small quantities, the leaves should not be eaten in large amounts since the oxalic acid can lock-up other nutrients in the food, especially calcium, thus causing mineral deficiencies. The oxalic acid content will be reduced if the plant is cooked. People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones or hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet since it can aggravate their condition;
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Wind
Structure [5]  Herb
Usage [3]  Dark green to brown and dark grey dyes can be obtained from the roots, they do not need a mordant; A grey-blue dye is obtained from the leaves and stems; An infusion of the stems is used as a polish for bamboo and wicker furniture and also for silver; The juice of the plant removes stains from linen; It is sometimes sold as 'essential salt of lemon';
View Plants For A Future Record : Rumex acetosa

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Anda 128 Norway      
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Basegi Zapovednik Ia 93739 Perm, Russia
Beinn Eighe National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Ben Lawers 12423 Scotland, United Kingdom
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Bolshekhekhtsirsky Zapovednik Ia 112282 Khabarovsk, Russia
Braunton Burrows 3328 England, United Kingdom
Butser Hill 590 England, United Kingdom
Cairngorms 142543 Scotland, United Kingdom
Cairnsmore of Fleet, Silver Flowe, and Merrick Kells Biosphere Reserve 8794 Scotland, United Kingdom
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands 354692 Scotland, United Kingdom
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve V 619089 Jilin, China  
Clyde Valley Woods 1074 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Costa del Pallio 729 Italy  
Craven Limestone Complex 13166 England, United Kingdom
Dünen Dabendorf 47 Germany  
Dornoch Firth and Morrich More 21499 Scotland, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Foinaven 36684 Scotland, United Kingdom
Foresta di Legnoli 820 Italy  
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Galichia Gora Zapovednik Ia 568 Lipetsk, Russia
Gates of the Arctic National Park Ib 184461 Alaska, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Hubbard Brook Biosphere Reserve 7809 New Hampshire, United States
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
In den Rödern bei Babenhausen 211 Germany  
Ingleborough Complex 14256 England, United Kingdom
Isle of Rum National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kedrovaya Pad Zapovednik Ia 44224 Primorsky Krai , Russia
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Lago Puelo National Park II 47607 Chubut, Argentina
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Lands End and Cape Bank 74557 England, United Kingdom  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Loch Creran 3030 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Merrick Kells 21494 Scotland, United Kingdom
Moorfoot Hills 21001 Scotland, United Kingdom
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay Pavements 6449 England, United Kingdom
Mount Mitchell State Park   North Carolina, United States
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
North Pembrokeshire Woodlands/ Coedydd Gogledd Sir Benfro 780 Wales, United Kingdom  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North Somerset and Mendip Bats 1387 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Rum 26775 Scotland, United Kingdom
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Taynish National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tsentral'no-Chernozemny Biosphere Reserve Ia 13064 Kursk, Russia
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Ussuriysky Zapovednik Ia 99910 Primorsky Krai , Russia
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  
Zhuvintas Zapovednik 18223 Lithuania  

Ecosystems

Predators

Acronicta euphorbiae (Sweet Gale Moth)[6]
Acronicta rumicis (Knot Grass)[6]
Adscita statices <Unverified Name>[7]
Agrochola litura[6]
Agrotis exclamationis (Heart and Dart)[8]
Aphalara exilis[6]
Aphis acetosae[7]
Aphis nasturtii (buckthorn aphid)[6]
Aporophyla australis[6]
Aporophyla nigra (Black Rustic)[6]
Bembecia chrysidiformis <Unverified Name>[6]
Calybites phasianipennella[6]
Camptogramma bilineata <Unverified Name>[7]
Contarinia acetosellae[6]
Contarinia rumicis[6]
Coreus marginatus (dock bug)[6]
Cryptocephalus exiguus <Unverified Name>[6]
Diaporthe pardalota[9]
Dypterygia scabriuscula (Bird's Wing Moth)[6]
Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)[10]
Enteucha acetosae[6]
Eugnorisma depuncta <Unverified Name>[6]
Eupithecia centaureata (Lime-speck Pug)[8]
Gastrophysa viridula <Unverified Name>[7]
Graphiphora augur (Double Dart)[6]
Hoplodrina alsines[6]
Hymenoscyphus rumicis[9]
Hypera rumicis[6]
Jaapiella rubicundula[6]
Keissleriella gallica[9]
Lycaena alciphron[9]
Lycaena phlaeas (Small Copper Butterfly)[8]
Lycaena tityrus <Unverified Name>[7]
Lygus maritimus[6]
Mantura chrysanthemi[6]
Mantura obtusata <Unverified Name>[6]
Microtus oeconomus (tundra vole)[11]
Myodes rufocanus (gray red-backed vole)[11]
Mythimna comma <Unverified Name>[6]
Orgyia recens <Unverified Name>[6]
Palaeochrysophanus hippothoe[8]
Paradiarsia glareosa (Autumnal Rustic)[6]
Paradrina clavipalpis (Pale mottled willow)[8]
Pegomya bicolor[6]
Pegomya haemorrhoa <Unverified Name>[6]
Pegomya haemorrhoum[6]
Pegomya nigritarsis <Unverified Name>[6]
Pegomya solennis[6]
Perapion violaceum <Unverified Name>[7]
Phomopsis durandiana[9]
Phragmatobia fuliginosa (ruby tiger moth)[6]
Phyllosticta straminella[9]
Phytocoris varipes[6]
Polymixis xanthomista (Black-banded Polymixis)[6]
Pyropteron chrysidiformis[8]
Rhinoncus pericarpius[6]
Rhypodes anceps[12]
Scopula floslactata (Cream Wave Moth)[8]
Scopula imitaria (Small Blood-vein)[6]
Scythris potentillae[8]
Scythris potentillella[8]
Scythris siccella[6]
Siona lineata (Black-veined Moth)[7]
Timandra comae (Blood Vein Moth)[7]
Timandra griseata[6]
Trionymus multivorus (polyphagous mealybug)[10]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Microbotryum stygium[9]
Pegomya bicolor[7]
Puccinia phragmitis[9]
Ramularia rubella[7]
Uromyces acetosae[9]

Distribution

Bassegi Zapovednik; North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Arnold SEJ, Faruq S, Savolainen V, McOwan PW, Chittka L, 2010 FReD: The Floral Reflectance Database — A Web Portal for Analyses of Flower Colour. PLoS ONE 5(12): e14287.
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
5Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
7Ecology of Commanster
8HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
11Analysing diet of small herbivores: the efficiency of DNA barcoding coupled with high-throughput pyrosequencing for deciphering the composition of complex plant mixtures, Eeva M Soininen, Alice Valentini, Eric Coissac, Christian Miquel, Ludovic Gielly, Christian Brochmann, Anne K Brysting, Jørn H Sønstebø, Rolf A Ims, Nigel G Yoccoz and Pierre Taberlet, Frontiers in Zoology 2009, 6:16
12New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Ramsar Sites Information Service
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access