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Viola canina (heath dog violet)

Wikipedia Abstract

Viola canina (heath dog-violet or heath violet) is a species of the genus Viola, native to Europe, where it is found in the uplands of box hill in Dorset, heaths, fens, and moist woodlands, especially on acidic soils. It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 5–15 cm tall. The flowers are pale blue, produced from April to July. Colonies of plants may be extensive.
View Wikipedia Record: Viola canina

Infraspecies

Attributes

Height [3]  16 inches (0.4 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Light Preference [4]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [4]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [4]  Infertile
Soil Moisture [4]  Mostly Dry
Bee Flower Color [2]  Blue
Flower Color [2]  Blue
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Structure [5]  Herb
View Plants For A Future Record : Viola canina

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Andakill Protected Habitat Area 7626 Iceland      
Avon Gorge Woodlands 376 England, United Kingdom
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Basegi Zapovednik Ia 93739 Perm, Russia
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Braunton Burrows 3328 England, United Kingdom
Caenlochan 12860 Scotland, United Kingdom
Cairngorms 142543 Scotland, United Kingdom
Cairnsmore of Fleet, Silver Flowe, and Merrick Kells Biosphere Reserve 8794 Scotland, United Kingdom
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands 354692 Scotland, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Cerne and Sydling Downs 912 England, United Kingdom
Craven Limestone Complex 13166 England, United Kingdom
Dornoch Firth and Morrich More 21499 Scotland, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Eryri/ Snowdonia 48773 Wales, United Kingdom  
Essex Estuaries 114016 England, United Kingdom
Fenland 1529 England, United Kingdom
Forêt d'Anlier (Habay; Léglise; Martelange) 18670 Belgium  
Galichia Gora Zapovednik Ia 568 Lipetsk, Russia
Haute-Sûre (Fauvillers; Léglise; Libramont-Chevigny; Neufchâteau; Vaux-sur-Sûre) 6919 Belgium  
Ilmensky Zapovednik Ia 84955 Chelyabinsk, Russia
Isle of Rum National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Klämmesmålen 46 Sweden  
La Calestienne entre Frasnes et Doische (Couvin; Doische; Philippeville; Viroinval) 6579 Belgium  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Limestone Coast of South West Wales/ Arfordir Calchfaen de Orllewin Cymru 3940 Wales, United Kingdom  
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
North Northumberland Dunes 2836 England, United Kingdom  
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Rum 26775 Scotland, United Kingdom
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Smedstorp 53 Sweden  
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
South Uist Machair 8482 Scotland, United Kingdom
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
The Broads 14554 England, United Kingdom  
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Tulach Hill and Glen Fender Meadows 3912 Scotland, United Kingdom
Vallée du Biran (Beauraing; Houyet) 1203 Belgium  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  
Zhuvintas Zapovednik 18223 Lithuania  

Predators

Anthocharis cardamines (Orange Tip Butterfly)[6]
Argynnis aglaja[6]
Argynnis lathonia <Unverified Name>[6]
Argynnis niobe <Unverified Name>[6]
Argynnis paphia (Silver-washed Fritillary)[7]
Argyronome laodice[7]
Boloria dia <Unverified Name>[6]
Boloria euphrosyne <Unverified Name>[6]
Boloria pales (Shepherd's Fritillary)[7]
Boloria selene (Silver-bordered fritillary)[6]
Clossiana dia[7]
Clossiana euphrosyne[7]
Clossiana thore (Thor's Fritillary)[7]
Dasineura affinis[6]
Dasineura violae[6]
Diacrisia sannio <Unverified Name>[6]
Fabriciana adippe (High Brown Fritillary)[7]
Fabriciana niobe[7]
Issoria lathonia (Queen of Spain Fritillary)[7]
Orobitis cyanea[6]
Pancalia latreillella <Unverified Name>[6]
Pancalia leuwenhoekella[6]
Pancalia schwarzella <Unverified Name>[6]
Protoemphytus pallipes <Unverified Name>[6]
Scopula immutata (Lesser Cream Wave Moth)[7]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Puccinia violae[8]

Distribution

Bassegi Zapovednik;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Arnold SEJ, Faruq S, Savolainen V, McOwan PW, Chittka L, 2010 FReD: The Floral Reflectance Database — A Web Portal for Analyses of Flower Colour. PLoS ONE 5(12): e14287.
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
5Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Protected Areas provided by Ramsar Sites Information Service
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access