Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Sapindales > Anacardiaceae > Pistacia > Pistacia atlantica

Pistacia atlantica (Mt. Atlas mastic tree)

Synonyms: Lentiscus atlantica; Lentiscus mutica; Pistacia atlantica subsp. cabulica; Pistacia atlantica subsp. mutica; Pistacia atlantica var. cypricola; Pistacia atlantica var. latifolia; Pistacia cabulica; Pistacia chia; Pistacia choulettei; Pistacia mutica; Pistacia mutica f. multijuga; Pistacia mutica subsp. cabulica; Pistacia mutica var. cypricola

Wikipedia Abstract

Pistacia atlantica is a species of pistachio tree known by the English common name Mt. Atlas mastic tree and as the Persian turpentine tree. In Iran it is called baneh. In the Canary Islands it is known as Almacigo, and in Arabic, it is called بطم (buṭm or buṭum). In southern Iran, in Bandar-Abbas in Hormozgān Province it is called kasoudang and in Bushehr it is called kolkhong. In Turkey it is commonly known as melengic.
View Wikipedia Record: Pistacia atlantica


Height [2]  66 feet (20 m)
Width [1]  32 feet (9.9 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  None
Allergen Potential [1]  High
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  85 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 7 Low Temperature: 0 F° (-17.8 C°) → 10 F° (-12.2 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Dioecious
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  Used as a rootstock for P. vera, the pistachio nut; A resin is obtained from the tree; No more details. A gum is obtained from the tree. It is used medicinally; It is possible that the gum and the resin are the same thing; Tannin is obtained from galls that develop on the tree as a result of a fungus. It is used to make an ink and a dye; The leaves contain 22.2% tannin; The wood is useful;
View Plants For A Future Record : Pistacia atlantica


Anapulvinaria pistaciae[4]
Diaspidiotus braunschvigi (braunschvigi scale)[4]
Epidiaspis gennadii[4]
Eulecanium pistaciae[4]
Gallotia galloti (Gallot's Lizard)[5]
Lepidosaphes pistaciae (yellow pistachio scale)[4]
Macrosiphoniella abrotani chosoni[6]
Minucia bimaculata[7]
Paracletus cimiciformis[6]
Parocneria raddei[7]
Pulvinaria psidii (green shield scale)[4]
Salicicola pistaciae[4]


North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
4Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
5Temporal and Spatial Variation in the Diet of the Endemic Lizard Gallotia galloti in an Insular Mediterranean Scrubland, Airam Rodríguez, Manuel Nogales, Beatriz Rumeu, and Beneharo Rodríguez, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 42, No. 2, pp. 213–222, 2008
6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access