Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Moraceae > Ficus > Ficus religiosa

Ficus religiosa (peepul tree)

Synonyms: Ficus caudata; Ficus peepul; Ficus rhynchophylla; Ficus superstitiosa; Urostigma affine; Urostigma religiosa

Wikipedia Abstract

Ficus religiosa or sacred fig is a species of fig native to the Indian subcontinent, south-west China and Indochina. It belongs to the Moraceae, the fig or mulberry family. It is also known as the bodhi tree, pippala tree, peepal tree or ashwattha tree (in India and Nepal).
View Wikipedia Record: Ficus religiosa


Height [1]  63 feet (19.1 m)
Width [1]  55 feet (16.8 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  None
Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-High
Shade Percentage [1]  91 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  High
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Specific Gravity [4]  0.443
Structure [2]  Tree

Emblem of



Acridotheres cristatellus (Crested Myna)[5]
Acridotheres ginginianus (Bank Myna)[5]
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)[5]
Acroclita cheradota[6]
Agropsar philippensis (Chestnut-cheeked Starling)[5]
Anomalococcus crematogastri[7]
Antheraea paphia[6]
Aonidiella aurantii (California red scale)[7]
Aonidiella orientalis (Oriental Scale)[7]
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)[5]
Asota ficus[6]
Asterococcus ramakrishnai[7]
Attatha ino[6]
Attatha regalis[6]
Austrotachardiella bodkini[7]
Axis axis (chital)[5]
Boselaphus tragocamelus (nilgai)[5]
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)[5]
Ceroplastes ceriferus (Indian wax scale)[7]
Ceroplastes pseudoceriferus (Indian wax scale)[7]
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)[5]
Cynopterus brachyotis (lesser short-nosed fruit bat)[5]
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)[5]
Cyrestis thyodamas (Butterfly)[6]
Dendrocitta vagabunda (Rufous Treepie)[5]
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)[5]
Eucalymnatus tessellatus (tessellated scale)[7]
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)[5]
Euploea core (Oleander butterfly)[6]
Ferrisia virgata (grey mealybug)[7]
Galloperdix spadicea (Red Spurfowl)[5]
Geococcus coffeae (coffee root mealybug)[7]
Gunda ochracea[6]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[8]
Hoolock hoolock hoolock (hoolock gibbon)[5]
Hypsipetes leucocephalus (Black Bulbul)[9]
Icerya zimmermanni[7]
Iraota timoleon (Silverstreak Blue)[6]
Lecanodiaspis prosopidis[7]
Lopholeucaspis japonica (Japanese maple scale)[7]
Lymantria ampla[6]
Lymantria incerta[6]
Lymantria serva[6]
Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey)[5]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[7]
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)[5]
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)[5]
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)[5]
Melursus ursinus (Sloth Bear)[10]
Meteoristis religiosa[6]
Monticola solitarius (Blue Rock Thrush)[5]
Ocinara albicollis[6]
Octaspidiotus tripurensis[7]
Ocyceros birostris (Indian Grey Hornbill)[5]
Ocyceros gingalensis (Sri Lankan Grey Hornbill)[5]
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)[5]
Pachylia ficus (Fig sphinx)[6]
Paralecanium milleri[7]
Parlatoria crypta (mango white scale)[7]
Pastor roseus (Rosy Starling)[5]
Perina nuda[6]
Phycodes radiata[6]
Pseudaonidia trilobitiformis (gingging scale)[7]
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)[5]
Pulvinaria psidii (green shield scale)[7]
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)[5]
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)[5]
Pycnonotus luteolus (White-browed Bulbul)[5]
Pygathrix nemaeus (Douc langur)[5]
Ramphocelus carbo (Silver-beaked Tanager)[5]
Rhinoceros unicornis (Indian rhinoceros)[11]
Rhyticeros narcondami (Narcondam Hornbill)[5]
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)[5]
Rousettus leschenaultii (Leschenault's rousette)[12]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[7]
Semnopithecus entellus (Hanuman langur)[5]
Tephrodornis pondicerianus (Common Woodshrike)[5]
Tinthia cymbalistis[6]
Tockus nasutus (African Grey Hornbill)[5]
Treron phoenicopterus (Yellow-footed Green Pigeon)[5]
Trilocha varians[6]
Trisula variegata[6]
Turdoides striata (Bengal jungle babbler)[5]
Xenococcus annandalei[7]
Zosterops palpebrosus (Oriental White-eye)[5]


Parasitized by 
Platyscapa quadraticeps[13]


Caribbean; North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
4Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
8Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
9del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
10Feeding ecology of sloth bears in a disturbed area in central India, H.S. Bargali, Naim Akhtar,and N.P.S. Chauhan, Ursus 15(2):212-217 (2004)
11Abundance of food plant species and food habits of Rhinoceros unicornis Linn. in Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam, India, Pradip Konwar, Malabika Kakati Saikia & P.K. Saikia, Journal of Threatened Taxa | September 2009 | 1(9): 457-460
12Sudhakaran, M.R. & P.S. Doss (2012). Food and foraging preferences of three pteropo- did bats in southern India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(1): 2295-2303
13Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
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Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access