Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Ranunculales > Berberidaceae > Berberis > Berberis darwinii

Berberis darwinii (Darwin's berberis)

Synonyms: Berberis costulata; Berberis knightii; Berberis magellanica; Berberis stenophylla; Mahonia beali; Mahonia knightii

Wikipedia Abstract

Berberis darwinii is a species of barberry in the family Berberidaceae, native to southern Chile and Argentina and naturalized elsewhere. Common names include 'Darwin's Barberry' and (Argentinean-Chilean Spanish) 'Michay'.It is an evergreen thorny shrub growing to 3–4 m tall, with dense branches from ground level. The leaves are small oval, 12–25 mm long and 5–12 mm broad, with a spiny margin; they are borne in clusters of 2–5 together, subtended by a three-branched spine 2–4 mm long.
View Wikipedia Record: Berberis darwinii

Invasive Species

Berberis darwinii exists as varying habits in New Zealand from shrubs with interlaced branches, reaching 3-4m in height and 3-6m wide in the open and at the forest edge to lianoid small trees growing to about 10m and spreading 15m under the forest canopy. Dispersal is key to B. darwinii's survival. Introduced bird species act as dispersers in New Zealand. Despite being considered a shade-tolerant species it has been shown that B. darwinii actually requires high light environments to germinate. It is tolerant of both frost and drought.
View ISSG Record: Berberis darwinii


Height [2]  9.8 feet (3 m)
Width [2]  11.5 feet (3.5 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Insects, Lepidoptera, Bats
Structure [2]  Shrub
Usage [2]  Plants are very amenable to trimming and can be used as a formal hedge. They also make a very good informal hedge, their long arching branches looking especially attractive when in flower or bearing fruit. The plants tolerate maritime exposure though they are slow growing; A yellow dye is obtained from the root and bark;
View Plants For A Future Record : Berberis darwinii

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Lago Puelo National Park II 47607 Chubut, Argentina
Lanín National Park II 536819 Neuquen, Argentina
Los Alerces National Park II 463045 Chubut, Argentina  
Los Arrayanes National Park II   Neuquen, Argentina  
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  


Pollinated by 
Allograpta hortensis[4]
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[5]
Bombus dahlbomii[4]
Cadeguala albopilosa[5]
Colletes seminitidus[5]
Diphaglossa gayi[4]
Manuelia gayi[4]
Manuelia postica[4]
Ruizantheda mutabilis[4]
Sephanoides sephanoides (Green-backed firecrown)[5]
Syrphus octomaculatus[4]
Trichophthalma amoena[4]


North America;



Attributes / relations provided by 1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000) 2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 4Vázquez, D. P. 2002. Interactions among Introduced Ungulates, Plants, and Pollinators: A Field Study in the Temperate Forest of the Southern Andes. Doctoral Dissertation thesis, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA. 5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access