> Ambystoma leorae
Ambystoma leorae (Leora's Stream Salamander)
Synonyms: Rhyacosiredon leorae
The Leora's Stream Salamander or Ajolote (Ambystoma leorae) is a critically endangered species of mole salamander in the Ambystomatidae family.This species is endemic to the Sierra Nevada in central Mexico. It was historically restricted to six locations in the Iztaccihuatl-Popocatepetl National Park (IPNP) located on the border of the State of Mexico with Puebla. Long ago it disappeared from the heavily polluted Rio Frio where it was first found.
The family Ambystomatidae or the mole salamanders diverged from all other salamanders in the Early Cretaceous period over 140 million years ago, around five million years before the koala and dolphin lineages diverged from their common ancestor. The small number of species that represent the genus Ambystoma are highly evolutionarily distinct members of both the salamanders and the amphibians as a whole. Leoras Stream Salamander appears to be confined to the upper tributaries of the Balsas River, central Mexico. Conservation and restoration of this habitat is an urgent priority in order to save this species from extinction in the future.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0)
Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 42.62
EDGE Score: 6.55
Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation
. Science, 342, 803–805