Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Cetacea > Delphinidae > Globicephala > Globicephala melas

Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)

Synonyms: Delphinus melas; Globicephala melaena
Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The long-finned pilot whale (Globicephala melas) is a large species of oceanic dolphin. It shares the genus Globicephala with the short-finned pilot whale (Globicephala macrorhynchus). Long-finned pilot whales are known as such because of their unusually long pectoral fins.
View Wikipedia Record: Globicephala melas


Globicephala melas edwardii (Southern Longfinned Pilot Whale)
Globicephala melas melas (North Atlantic Longfinned Pilot Whale)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Not determined do to incomplete vulnerability data.
ED Score: 9.24


Adult Weight [1]  1.17 tons (1,060.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  241.78 lbs (109.67 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  6 years 9 months
Male Maturity [1]  12 years
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Gestation [1]  1 year 2 months
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  0
Maximum Longevity [1]  60 years
Migration [2]  Intraoceanic
Weaning [1]  2 years 2 months

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Coorong National Park II 121235 South Australia, Australia
Croajingolong National Park II 217067 Victoria, Australia
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Isola di Capraia - area terrestre e marina 45475 Italy    
Isola di Giannutri - area terrestre e marina 27236 Italy  
Isola di Gorgona - area terrestre e marina 36616 Italy    
Isola di Montecristo e Formica di Montecristo - area terrestre e marina 38259 Italy  
Isola di Pianosa - area terrestre e marina 13586 Italy  
Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Ia 233540 Tasmania, Australia  
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve II 20461 Quebec, Canada
Prince Edward Island National Park II   Prince Edward Island, Canada  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
Tierra Del Fuego National Park II 172861 Argentina

Prey / Diet

Alluroteuthis antarctica[3]
Ancistrocheirus lesueurii (sharpear enope squid)[3]
Brachioteuthis riisei (common arm squid)[3]
Chiroteuthis veranii (Long-armed Squid)[4]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[4]
Doryteuthis gahi[3]
Doryteuthis pealeii (longfin inshore squid)[3]
Enoploteuthis galaxias[5]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[4]
Galiteuthis armata (armed cranch squid)[3]
Gonatus fabricii (boreoatlantic armhook squid)[3]
Histioteuthis eltaninae[3]
Histioteuthis reversa (Reverse Jewell Squid)[3]
Illex argentinus (Argentine Shortfin Squid)[3]
Illex illecebrosus (northern shortfin squid)[4]
Loligo vulgaris (European Squid)[5]
Macroctopus maorum (Maori octopus)[5]
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)[5]
Nototodarus gouldi (Gould's squid)[5]
Octopus cyanea (big blue octopus)[5]
Onykia ingens (warty squid)[3]
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)[4]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[4]
Selenoteuthis scintillans[3]
Solea solea (True sole)[5]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[5]
Teuthowenia megalops (Atlantic cranch squid)[3]
Todarodes sagittatus (European flying squid)[3]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[5]
Trisopterus luscus (Whiting-pout)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Allothunnus fallai (Tuna)1
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)1
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)2
Aptenodytes patagonicus (King Penguin)2
Arctocephalus gazella (Antarctic Fur Seal)1
Arctocephalus tropicalis (Subantarctic Fur Seal)2
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)3
Beryx splendens (Alfonsin)1
Calonectris diomedea (Cory's Shearwater)1
Carcharhinus falciformis (Silky shark)1
Carcharhinus obscurus (Whaler shark)1
Carcharhinus plumbeus (Thickskin shark)1
Carcharhinus signatus (Shark)1
Cephalorhynchus commersonii (Commerson's Dolphin)2
Cephalorhynchus eutropia (Chilean Dolphin)1
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)4
Cystophora cristata (Hooded Seal)3
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)1
Diomedea epomophora (Royal Albatross)1
Diomedea exulans (Wandering Albatross)6
Dissostichus eleginoides (Patagonsky klykach)2
Entosphenus tridentatus (Pacific lamprey)1
Feresa attenuata (Pygmy Killer Whale)1
Fratercula arctica (Atlantic Puffin)1
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)1
Fulmarus glacialoides (Southern Fulmar)2
Galeorhinus galeus (Vitamin shark)1
Globicephala macrorhynchus (Short-finned Pilot Whale)2
Grampus griseus (Risso's Dolphin)6
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)1
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)2
Hyperoodon ampullatus (Northern Bottlenose Whale)4
Hyperoodon planifrons (Southern Bottlenose Whale)5
Istiophorus platypterus (Atlantic sailfish)1
Katsuwonus pelamis (White bonito)1
Kogia breviceps (Pygmy Sperm Whale)1
Kogia sima (Dwarf Sperm Whale)2
Lagenorhynchus acutus (Atlantic White-sided Dolphin)2
Lagenorhynchus albirostris (White-beaked Dolphin)2
Lagenorhynchus australis (Peale's Dolphin)2
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)1
Lagenorhynchus obscurus (Dusky Dolphin)2
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)4
Lampris immaculatus (Moonfish)2
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)2
Larus marinus (Great Black-backed Gull)1
Leptonychotes weddellii (Weddell Seal)1
Lobodon carcinophaga (Crabeater Seal)1
Macronectes giganteus (Southern Giant Petrel)1
Makaira nigricans (Ocean guard)1
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)1
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)2
Mesoplodon densirostris (Blainville's Beaked Whale)1
Mirounga leonina (Southern Elephant Seal)3
Monodon monoceros (Narwhal)1
Morus bassanus (Northern Gannet)2
Ommatophoca rossii (Ross Seal)1
Pagophilus groenlandicus (Harp Seal)4
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)1
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)1
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)1
Phalacrocorax magellanicus (rock shag)1
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)4
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)4
Phoebetria palpebrata (Light-mantled Albatross)3
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)6
Pollachius virens (Sillock)2
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)2
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)8
Pseudorca crassidens (False Killer Whale)1
Puffinus gravis (Greater Shearwater)1
Puffinus griseus (Sooty Shearwater)1
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)2
Somniosus microcephalus (gray shark)2
Spheniscus magellanicus (Magellanic Penguin)1
Sphyrna lewini (Southern hammerhead shark)1
Sphyrna zygaena (Smooth hammerhead shark)1
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)4
Stenella coeruleoalba (Striped Dolphin)1
Thalassarche chrysostoma (Grey-headed Albatross)3
Thalassarche melanophris (Black-browed Albatross)3
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)1
Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin-tuna)1
Thunnus obesus (Tuna)1
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)3
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)2
Uria aalge (Common Murre)2
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)1
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)1
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)6
Ziphius cavirostris (Cuvier's Beaked Whale)6


Parasite of 
Bolbosoma capitatum[5]


Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[6]
Anisakis typica[6]
Bolbosoma capitatum[6]
Bolbosoma vasculosum[6]
Crassicauda carbonelli <Unverified Name>[6]
Diphyllobothrium gondo <Unverified Name>[6]
Diphyllobothrium polyrugosum[6]
Diphyllobothrium stemmacephalum[6]
Hadwenius delamurei[6]
Hadwenius subtilis[6]
Leucasiella delamurei <Unverified Name>[6]
Monorygma delphini[6]
Monorygma grimaldii[6]
Nasitrema globicephalae[6]
Odhneriella subtila <Unverified Name>[6]
Orthosplanchnus albamarinus <Unverified Name>[6]
Orthosplanchnus arctica <Unverified Name>[6]
Orthosplanchnus arcticus[6]
Pholeter gastrophilus[6]
Phyllobothrium delphini[6]
Phyllobothrium grimaldii <Unverified Name>[6]
Plicobothrium globicephalae[6]
Stenurus globicephalae <Unverified Name>[6]
Torynurus convolutus[6]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[5]
Trigonocotyle globicephalae[6]
Trigonocotyle lintoni[6]
Trigonocotyle monticellii[6]

Range Map

Antarctica/Southern Ocean; Croajingolong; East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean;



Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at 3CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 4STOMACH CONTENTS OF LONG-FINNED PILOT WHALES (GLOBICEPHALA MELAS) STRANDED ON THE U.S. MID-ATLANTIC COAST, Damon P. Gannon, Andrew J. Read, James E. Craddock, James G. Mead, MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE, 13(3):405-418 (July 1997) 5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
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