Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Felidae > Puma > Puma concolor
 

Puma concolor (Cougar; Puma; mountain lion)

Synonyms: Felis concolor
Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The cougar (Puma concolor), also known as puma, mountain lion, mountain cat, catamount or panther, depending on the region, is a mammal of the family Felidae, native to the Americas. This large, solitary cat has the greatest range of any large wild terrestrial mammal in the Western Hemisphere, extending from Yukon in Canada to the southern Andes of South America. An adaptable, generalist species, the cougar is found in every major American habitat type.
View Wikipedia Record: Puma concolor

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
7
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
31
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 14.64
EDGE Score: 2.75

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  138.89 lbs (63.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  400 grams
Female Maturity [1]  2 years 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  2 years 6 months
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Gestation [1]  3 months 2 days
Litter Size [1]  3
Litters / Year [1]  0
Maximum Longevity [1]  24 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [1]  90 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Atacama desert Chile Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic Coast restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic dry forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bajío dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Balsas dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Belizean pine forests Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Bolivian montane dry forests Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Bolivian Yungas Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Caatinga Enclaves moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Campos Rupestres montane savanna Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Caqueta moist forests Brazil, Columbia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Catatumbo moist forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American montane forests Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American pine-oak forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Andean dry puna Argentina, Bolivia, Chile Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Andean puna Argentina, Bolivia, Peru Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Andean wet puna Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Chiapas Depression dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chiapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chilean matorral Chile Neotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Chimalapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chiquitano dry forests Bolivia, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cordillera de Merida páramo Venezuela Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern Cordillera real montane forests Ecuador, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Panamanian montane forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ecuadorian dry forests Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Espinal Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guayaquil flooded grasslands Ecuador Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan piedmont and lowland moist forests Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Gulf of California xeric scrub Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
High Monte Argentina Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jalisco dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Low Monte Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magellanic subpolar forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maranhao Babatu forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Miskito pine forests Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Motagua Valley thornscrub Guatemala Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern Brazil restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Andean páramo Ecuador, Colombia Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico Neotropic Mangroves    
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwestern Andean montane forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Oaxacan montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco wetlands Venezuela Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pantanal Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Paraná flooded savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Patagonian steppe Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Patía Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peruvian Yungas Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rio Negro campinarana Brazil, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
San Lucan xeric scrub Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Santa Marta montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Santa Marta páramo Colombia Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sechura desert Peru Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra de la Laguna dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de la Laguna pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests Mexico Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre del Sur pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest Mexico Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South American Pacific mangroves Colombia, Panama, Ecuador Neotropic Mangroves    
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Andean steppe Argentina, Chile Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Andean Yungas Bolivia, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Atlantic mangroves Brazil Neotropic Mangroves  
Southern Cone Mesopotamian savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Southern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Mangroves    
Southern Pacific dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tehuacán Valley matorral Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Tumbes-Piura dry forests Ecuador, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uruguayan savanna Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Valdivian temperate forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Venezuelan Andes montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Ecuador moist forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands  
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA III 184543 California, United States
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Beaver Creek Biosphere Reserve 275028 Arizona, United States  
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Bladen Branch Nature Reserve Ia 100225 Belize  
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Bosques Petrificados Monumental Natural National Monument III 151218 Santa Cruz, Argentina  
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Capital Reef National Park II 243722 Utah, United States
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Chiquibul Forest Reserve VI 148670 Belize  
Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary IV 122962 Belize
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Cordillera Volcanica Central Forest Reserve VI 150571 Costa Rica  
Craters of the Moon National Monument V 690996 Idaho, United States
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Defensores del Chaco National Park II 1792493 Paraguay  
Dinosaur National Monument III 203307 Colorado, Utah, United States
Dzilam de Bravo Wetland Reserve 149170 Yucatan, Mexico    
El Malpais National Monument III 109980 New Mexico, United States
El Rey National Park II 110298 Salta, Argentina
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Iztaccihuatl-Popocatepetl National Park II 224456 Mexico State, Mexico
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Joshua Tree National Park II 305076 California, United States
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
Lake Chelan National Recreation Area II 606367 Washington, United States
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lanín National Park II 536819 Neuquen, Argentina
Los Alerces National Park II 463045 Chubut, Argentina  
Los Glaciares National Park II 1329020 Santa Cruz, Argentina
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Maracá Ecological Reserve Ia 257554 Roraima, Brazil  
Maya Multiple Use Area 1156412 Guatemala  
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Otishi National Park 760925 Peru  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Pantanal National Park II 336935 Mato Grosso, Brazil  
Parque Nacional Canaima National Park II 7542183 Venezuela  
Parque Nacional Iguazú National Park II 115949 Argentina  
Parque Nacional Laguna San Rafael National Park II 4560904 Aisén, Chile  
Parque Nacional Torres del Paine National Park II 542393 Magallanes, Chile  
Patuca National Park II 935848 Honduras  
Perito Moreno National Park II 234320 Santa Cruz, Argentina  
Pico Bonito National Park II 138952 Honduras    
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Reserva Estatal del Palmar Reserve 122954 Mexico    
Reserva Nacional de Fauna Ulla Ulla National Fauna Reserve 559837 Bolivia  
Reserva de Huascarán National Park II 844711 Ancash, Peru  
Reserva de Mapimi Biosphere Reserve VI 849819 Chihuahua, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera San Guillermo Biosphere Reserve 2446343 Argentina  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra de Manantlan Biosphere Reserve VI 346925 Coahuila, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Pozuelos Biosphere Reserve 988422 Argentina  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
Reserva de la Biosfera de la Amistad Biosphere Reserve II 493313 Costa Rica  
Reserva del Noroeste Biosphere Reserve 571807 Peru  
Ria Lagartos Biosphere Reserve VI 149920 Mexico    
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Río Pilcomayo National Park II 123699 Formosa, Argentina
San Rafael, Reserva de Recursos Manejados Managed Resource Reserve VI 165840 Paraguay  
Santuario de la Naturaleza Pumalín Sanctuary 713364 Chile
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Sierra de Agalta National Park II 128902 Honduras  
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      
Tawahka Anthropological Reserve 626425 Honduras  
Tinfunqué National Park 607935 Paraguay  
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
White Sands National Monument III 139922 New Mexico, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Yosemite National Park II 95209 California, United States
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Cerrado Brazil No
Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests Chile No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Emblem of

Argentina

Prey / Diet

Agouti paca (Paca)[3]
Bassariscus astutus (Ringtail)[4]
Dasypus novemcinctus (Nine-banded Armadillo)[4]
Dolichotis patagonum (Patagonian cavy)[5]
Hippocamelus bisulcus (Chilean Guemal)[6]
Lagostomus maximus (Plains viscacha)[7]
Marmota olympus (Olympic marmot)[8]
Martes americana (American Marten)[9]
Myocastor coypus (nutria)[10]
Nasua narica (White-nosed Coati)[4]
Nasua nasua (South American Coati)[11]
Odocoileus hemionus (mule deer)[12]
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)[4]
Ortalis poliocephala (West Mexican Chachalaca)[4]
Sciurus aureogaster (red-bellied squirrel)[4]
Spermophilus columbianus (Columbian ground squirrel)[13]
Sylvilagus cunicularius (Mexican Cottontail)[4]
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)[4]
Tayassu pecari (white-lipped peccary)[14]
Tlacuatzin canescens (Gray Mouse Opossum)[15]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)1
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)1
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)3
Atelocynus microtis (Short-eared Dog)1
Boa constrictor (Boa Constrictor)1
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)1
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)2
Buteo lineatus (Red-shouldered Hawk)1
Caiman crocodilus (Common caiman, Spectacled caiman)1
Canis latrans (Coyote)6
Canis lupus rufus (Red Wolf)1
Crotalus horridus (Timber rattlesnake (atricaudatus))1
Galictis cuja (Lesser Grison)1
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)1
Leopardus geoffroyi (Geoffroy's Cat)1
Leopardus pardalis (Ocelot)6
Leopardus tigrinus (Oncilla)1
Leopardus wiedii (Margay)1
Lycalopex culpaeus (Culpeo)1
Lycalopex gymnocercus (Pampas Fox)1
Lynx canadensis (lynx)1
Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)1
Lynx rufus (Bobcat)2
Martes americana (American Marten)1
Melanosuchus niger (Black caiman)1
Panthera onca (Jaguar)4
Pituophis melanoleucus (Eastern Pine Snake)1
Puma yagouaroundi (Jaguarundi)2
Speothos venaticus (Bush Dog)2
Spermophilus tridecemlineatus (thirteen-lined ground squirrel)1
Strix varia (Barred Owl)1
Taxidea taxus (American Badger)1
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)2
Urocyon cinereoargenteus (Gray Fox)1
Ursus americanus (black bear)1
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)2

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Alaria marcianae <Unverified Name>[16]
Amblyomma americanum (Lone Star tick)[17]
Amblyomma maculatum (Gulf Coast tick)[17]
Ancylostoma brasiliense[16]
Ancylostoma pluridentatum <Unverified Name>[16]
Ancylostoma tubaeforme[16]
Bartonella henselae (Cat Scratch Fever)[17]
Chaetopsylla setosa[18]
Chlamydophila psittaci (Psittacosis bacteria / Chlamydiosis bacteria)[17]
Coccidioides immitis[17]
Ctenocephalides felis felis[18]
Cylicospirura subaequalis <Unverified Name>[16]
Dermacentor nitens (Tropical horse tick)[17]
Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick)[17]
Dirofilaria immitis (Heartworm)[17]
Dirofilaria striata <Unverified Name>[16]
Echinococcus oligarthrus <Unverified Name>[16]
Ehrlichia equi[17]
Gnathostoma procyonis <Unverified Name>[16]
Heterobilharzia americana[17]
Ixodes affinis[17]
Ixodes pacificus (California black-legged tick)[17]
Ixodes scapularis (Black legged tick)[17]
Mammomonogamus dispar <Unverified Name>[16]
Metathelazia californica <Unverified Name>[16]
Molineus barbatus <Unverified Name>[16]
Nanophyetus salmincola <Unverified Name>[16]
Ollulanus tricuspis[16]
Paragonimus inca <Unverified Name>[16]
Physaloptera digitata <Unverified Name>[16]
Physaloptera praeputialis <Unverified Name>[16]
Physaloptera rara <Unverified Name>[16]
Physaloptera terdentata <Unverified Name>[16]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[18]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[16]
Taenia multiceps <Unverified Name>[16]
Taenia omissa <Unverified Name>[16]
Taenia ovis <Unverified Name>[16]
Taenia rileyi <Unverified Name>[16]
Taenia taeniaeformis <Unverified Name>[16]
Toxascaris leonina[16]
Toxocara canis[16]
Toxocara cati (feline roundworm)[16]
Toxocara mystax <Unverified Name>[16]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[16]
Trichophyton mentagrophytes[17]
Vogeloides felis <Unverified Name>[16]
Yersinia pestis (Bubonic plague)[17]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Al Ain Zoo
Alameda Park Zoo
Albuquerque Biological Parkaztecus
Alexandria Zoological Park
Amarillo Zooaztecus
America's Teaching Zoo
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Audubon Zoo
Barranquilla Zoo
 concolor
Bay Beach Wildlife Sanctuary
Bergen County Zoological Park
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Parkcalifornica
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Buttonwood Park Zoo
Caldwell Zoo
 stanleyana
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Cameron Park Zoo
Cango Wildlife Ranch
Central Florida Zoological Park
Chahinkapa Zoohippolestes
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Cougar Mountain Zoological Parkschorgeri
Dakota Zoo
Dallas Zoocouguar
 missoulensis
David Traylor Zoo of Emporiahippolestes
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dickerson Park Zoo
 couguar
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
Dreamworld Pty Ltd
Exmoor Zoological Park
Exotic Feline Breeding Compound Inc.
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Freeport-McMoran Audubon SpecSurvl Ctr
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
Fundacion Zoologico Santacruz
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Guadalajara Zooaztecus
Homosassa Springs Wildlife State Park
 coryi
Houston Zoo, Inc.
INTERZOO
Izmir Zoo / Izmir Dogal Yasam Parkipuma
Jackson Zoological Park
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardenscoryi
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
 couguar
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
John Ball Zoological Gardenkaibabensis
Jungle Cat World Wildlife Park Inc.
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Lake Superior Zoological Gardens
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Le Parc des Felins
Lee Richardson Zoo
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Living Desert State Park (Carlsbad)
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Louisville Zoological Garden
Magnetic Hill Zoo
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunnmissoulensis
Melbourne Zoo
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Micke Grove Zoocalifornica
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Mill Mountain Zoo
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Montgomery Zoo
Moonridge Animal Park
Moscow Zoological Park
Municipal Independent Org. Roev Ruchei
Nagoya Higashiyama Zoo
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
National Zoo & Aquarium
Natural Science Center of Greensboro
Nehru Zoological Park
NEW Zoo
Niabi Zoomissoulensis
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
North Carolina Zoological Park
Northwest Trek Wildlife Park
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
NY State Zoo at Thompson Park
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Oatland Island Wildlife Center
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Olmense Zoo
 puma
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Orange County Zoocalifornica
Oregon Zoocouguar
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.puma
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parco Natura Vivaconcolor
Parco Zoo di Falconara
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Parken Zoo i Eskilstuna AB
Parque Recreativo y Zool. Piscilago
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Parque Zoologico Jaime Duque - Bogota
Parque Zoologico Santa Fe
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
 aztecus
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Phoenix Zoo
Pocatello Zoo
Queens Zoo
Rare Species Conservation Centre
Riverview Park & Zoooregonensis
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
San Diego Zoooregonensis
Sedgwick County Zoo
Seneca Park Zoomissoulensis
Seoul Zoo
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Silesian Zoological Garden
Silver Springs Park
 stanleyana
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
 californica
Sofia Zoological Gardens
Songkhla Zoo
Southwest Wildlife Conservation Center
St. Paul's Como Zookaibabensis
 missoulensis
Szeged Zoo
Taipei Zoo
 puma
Tallahassee Museum of History and
Tallinn Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoocoryi
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens
 californica
The Naples Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoo
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbHmissoulensis
Tierwelt Herberstein
Topeka Zoological Park
Toronto Zoo
Touroparc
Turtle Back Zoo
Utah's Hogle Zoomissoulensis
Washington Park Zoological Gardenscouguar
White Oak Conservation Centercoryi
 stanleyana
Wildlife Heritage Foundation
Wildlife Safari Incconcolor
Zoo am Meer Bremerhaven GmbH
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de la Bourbansais
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo New England, Stone Zoo
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicien
ZooAmerica (No. American Wildlife Pk.)
 californica
Zoologico De Vallarta
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
ZooWorld Zoological Botanical Conserv.

Range Map

Link to Map
Middle America; North America; Patfa Valley dry forests; South America;

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Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Wozencraft W.C., 15-Aug-2007, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Agouti paca, Elizabeth M. Pérez, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 404, pp. 1-7 (1992) 4Food niche of Puma concolor in central Mexico, Octavio Monroy-Vilchis, Yuriana Gómez, Mariusz Janczur & Vicente Urios, Wildlife Biology 15: 97-105 (2009) 5Dolichotis patagonum, Claudia M. Campos, Marcelo F. Tognelli, and Ricardo A. Ojeda, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 652, pp. 1–5 (2001) 6Diet and habitat of the huemul (Hippocamelus bisulcus) in Bernardo O’ Higgins National Park, Chile, Jasper van Winden, MSc-thesis, April 2006, Utrecht University 7Lagostomus maximus, John E. Jackson, Lyn C. Branch, and Diego Villarreal, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 543, pp. 1-6 (1996) 8Marmota olympus, Andrew J. Edelman, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 736, pp. 1–5 (2003) 9Martes americana, Tim W. Clark, Elaine Anderson, Carman Douglas, and Marjorie Strickland, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 289, pp. 1-8 (1987) 10Myocastor coypus, Charles A. Woods, Luis Contreras, Gale Willner-Chapman, and Howard P. Whidden, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 398, pp. 1-8 (1992) 11Nasua nasua, Matthew E. Gompper and Denise M. Decker, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 580, pp. 1-9 (1998) 12Odocoileus hemionus, Allen E. Anderson and Olof C. Wallmo, Mammalian Species No. 219, pp. 1-9 (1984) 13Spermophilus columbianus, Charles L. Elliott and Jerran T. Flinders, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 372, pp. 1-9 (1991) 14Tayassu pecari, John J. Mayer and Ralph M. Wetzel, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 293, pp. 1-7 (1987) 15Marmosa canescens, Heliot Zarza, Gerardo Ceballos, and Michael A. Steele, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 725, pp. 1–4 (2003) 16Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 17Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2. 18International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Patterson, B. D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M. F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B. E. Young. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy—Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International—CABS, World Wildlife Fund—US, and Environment Canada—WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2