Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Sciuridae > Tamias > Tamias rufus

Tamias rufus (Hopi chipmunk)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Hopi chipmunk (Neotamias rufus) is a small chipmunk found in Colorado, Utah and Arizona in the southwestern United States. It was previously grouped with the Colorado Chipmunk, T. quadrivittatus.Hopi chipmunks prefer rocky areas with pinion and juniper pines and feed mostly on nuts, seeds and fruits. Food gathered is stored in cheek pouches and taken elsewhere for consumption or storage. They nest in rock piles or crevices.
View Wikipedia Record: Tamias rufus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.8
EDGE Score: 1.92


Adult Weight [1]  54 grams
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  50 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  50 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  31 days
Litters / Year [1]  1
Weaning [1]  46 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests

Prey / Diet

Cercocarpus intricatus (littleleaf mountain mahogany)[1]
Eriocoma hymenoides (Indian ricegrass)[1]
Juniperus monosperma (Cherrystone Juniper)[1]
Pinus edulis (Colorado pinyon)[1]
Quercus gambelii (Shin Oak)[1]
Quercus undulata (Wavyleaf Oak)[1]
Rudbeckia occidentalis (rubber rabbitbrush)[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Ammotragus lervia (aoudad)1
Antilocapra americana (pronghorn)1
Aphelocoma californica (Western Scrub-Jay)1
Aphelocoma ultramarina (Mexican Jay)1
Brachylagus idahoensis (Pygmy Rabbit)2
Cyanocitta stelleri (Steller's Jay)1
Dipodomys merriami (Merriam's kangaroo rat)1
Dipodomys ordii (Ord's kangaroo rat)1
Ernobius montanus1
Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)1
Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus (Pinyon Jay)1
Neotoma albigula (white-throated woodrat)1
Neotoma cinerea (bushy-tailed woodrat)2
Neotoma stephensi (Stephens's woodrat)1
Nucifraga columbiana (Clark's Nutcracker)1
Onychomys arenicola (Mearns's grasshopper mouse)1
Onychomys leucogaster (northern grasshopper mouse)1
Otospermophilus variegatus (rock squirrel)1
Perognathus flavescens (plains pocket mouse)1
Peromyscus boylii (brush mouse)2
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)2
Peromyscus truei (pinyon mouse)3
Reithrodontomys megalotis (western harvest mouse)1
Sciurus aberti (Abert's squirrel)1
Sciurus arizonensis (Arizona gray squirrel)1
Tamias cinereicollis (gray-collared chipmunk)2
Tamias panamintinus (panamint chipmunk)1
Urocitellus washingtoni (Washington ground squirrel)1
Xerospermophilus spilosoma (spotted ground squirrel)1


Parasitized by 
Epitedia stanfordi[1]
Malaraeus sinomus[1]

Range Map

North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Tamias rufus, Stephanie L. Burt and Troy L. Best, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 460, pp. 1-6 (1994)
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access