Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Didelphimorphia > Didelphidae > Didelphis > Didelphis marsupialis
 

Didelphis marsupialis (Common Opossum)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The common opossum (Didelphis marsupialis), also called the southern or black-eared opossum or gambá, is a mammal species living from the northeast of Mexico to Bolivia (reaching the coast of the South Pacific Ocean to the central coast of Peru), including the Lesser Antilles, where it is called manicou. It prefers the woods, but can also live in fields and cities. The common opossum is sometimes used for food in islands in the West Indies by humans.
View Wikipedia Record: Didelphis marsupialis

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
9
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
35
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 19.74
EDGE Score: 3.03

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  3.37 lbs (1.53 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  0.2 grams
Female Maturity [2]  5 months 28 days
Male Maturity [2]  8 months
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Herbivore
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  20 %
Diet - Plants [3]  20 %
Diet - Scavenger [3]  30 %
Diet - Vertibrates [3]  30 %
Forages - Scansorial [3]  100 %
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Gestation [2]  12 days
Litter Size [2]  6
Litters / Year [2]  2
Maximum Longevity [2]  4 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Weaning [2]  3 months 4 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Araya and Paria xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Belizean pine forests Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Bolivian Yungas Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caqueta moist forests Brazil, Columbia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Catatumbo moist forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American montane forests Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American pine-oak forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Chiapas Depression dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chiapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chimalapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera La Costa montane forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Cordillera real montane forests Ecuador, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Panamanian montane forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ecuadorian dry forests Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guayaquil flooded grasslands Ecuador Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan piedmont and lowland moist forests Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lara-Falcón dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maranhao Babatu forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Miskito pine forests Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Motagua Valley thornscrub Guatemala Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Andean montane forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Oaxacan montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco wetlands Venezuela Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Paraguana xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Patía Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rio Negro campinarana Brazil, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Santa Marta montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South American Pacific mangroves Colombia, Panama, Ecuador Neotropic Mangroves    
Southern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Mangroves    
Southern Pacific dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Venezuelan Andes montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Ecuador moist forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Barro Colorado Island Natural Monument III   Panama  
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge VI 19192 Maryland, United States
Bladen Branch Nature Reserve Ia 100225 Belize  
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Cascade Head Biosphere Reserve 17423 Oregon, United States
Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary IV 122962 Belize
Columbia River Forest Reserve VI 149053 Belize  
Cusuco National Park II 44047 Honduras  
Cuxtal Ecological Reserve 26687 Yucatan, Mexico  
De Soto National Wildlife Refuge IV 8007 Iowa, Nebraska, United States
El Parque Estatal Lagunas de Yalahau Wetland Reserve   Yucatan, Mexico  
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Estatal Kabah   Yucatan, Mexico      
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Hope College Biology Nature Preserve 55 Michigan, United States
Jackson Demonstration State Forest   California, United States
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
La Reserva de la Planada   Colombia      
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Merendón   Honduras      
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Otishi National Park 760925 Peru  
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Parque Nacional Canaima National Park II 7542183 Venezuela  
Parque Nacional Iguazú National Park II 115949 Argentina  
Rara Avis Rainforest Reserve 3163 Costa Rica
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve   Honduras      
Refugio de Vida Silvestre Reserva Karen Mogensen F. Nature Reserve 1866 Costa Rica  
Reserva Cuzco Amazonico   Peru      
Reserva de Huascarán National Park II 844711 Ancash, Peru  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva del Noroeste Biosphere Reserve 571807 Peru  
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Santee Coastal Reserve and Washo Reserve State Habitat Area IV 20850 South Carolina, United States  
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Southern Watershed Wildlife Sanctuary Game Sanctuary 25159 Trinidad and Tobago  
Trinity Hills Wildlife Sanctuary Game Sanctuary IV   Trinidad and Tobago  
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Victoria-Mayaro Forest Reserve 132764 Trinidad and Tobago  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Ficus cotinifolia[4]
Lasiurus borealis (red bat)[5]
Microtus pinetorum (woodland vole)[6]
Tadarida brasiliensis (Brazilian free-tailed bat)[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Full list (106)
Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)2
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)3
Falco sparverius (American Kestrel)2
Geococcyx californianus (Greater Roadrunner)2
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)2

Predators

Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)[8]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[8]
Eira barbara (Tayra)[9]
Galictis vittata (Greater Grison)[10]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[8]
Leopardus pardalis (Ocelot)[11]
Puma yagouaroundi (Jaguarundi)[11]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Achillurbainia recondita <Unverified Name>[12]
Adoratopsylla antiquorum antiquorum[13]
Adoratopsylla intermedia copha[13]
Adoratopsylla intermedia intermedia[13]
Adoratopsylla intermedia vidua[13]
Amphimerus guayaquilensis <Unverified Name>[12]
Amphimerus minutus <Unverified Name>[12]
Ascocotyle howei <Unverified Name>[12]
Aspidodera raillieti <Unverified Name>[12]
Aspidodera vazi <Unverified Name>[12]
Brachylaima virginianum <Unverified Name>[12]
Bursotrema tetracotyloides <Unverified Name>[12]
Cediopsylla simplex[13]
Chaetopsylla lotoris[13]
Cleopsylla monticola[13]
Cruzia tentaculata[12]
Ctenocephalides felis felis[13]
Dipetalonema pricei <Unverified Name>[12]
Dracunculus fuelleborni <Unverified Name>[12]
Duboisiella proloba[12]
Echinococcus oligarthrus <Unverified Name>[12]
Echinocoleus auritae <Unverified Name>[12]
Echinostoma revolutum[12]
Euchoplopsyllus glacialis exoticus[13]
Eucoleus fluminensis <Unverified Name>[12]
Fibricola gradosi <Unverified Name>[12]
Gnathostoma spinigerum <Unverified Name>[12]
Gongylonemoides marsupialis <Unverified Name>[12]
Heterostrongylus heterostrongylus <Unverified Name>[12]
Kohlsia tiptoni[13]
Lagochilascaris turgida <Unverified Name>[12]
Longistriata didelphis <Unverified Name>[12]
Mammomonogamus laryngeus <Unverified Name>[12]
Metadelphis evandroi <Unverified Name>[12]
Microphallus garciai <Unverified Name>[12]
Oligacanthorhynchus tortuosus[12]
Oropsylla arctomys[13]
Paragonimus caliensis <Unverified Name>[12]
Paragonimus mexicanus <Unverified Name>[12]
Paragonimus rudis <Unverified Name>[12]
Peromyscopsylla catatina[13]
Physaloptera torresi <Unverified Name>[12]
Plagiorchis didelphidis[12]
Plusaetis dolens dolens[13]
Podospathalium pedatum <Unverified Name>[12]
Polygenis adelus[13]
Polygenis atopus[13]
Polygenis bohlsi bohlsi[13]
Polygenis bohlsi jordani[13]
Polygenis caucensis[13]
Polygenis dunni[13]
Polygenis gwyni[13]
Polygenis klagesi klagesi[13]
Polygenis klagesi rangeli[13]
Polygenis klagesi samuelis[13]
Polygenis litargus[13]
Polygenis occidentalis occidentalis[13]
Polygenis occidentalis steganus[13]
Polygenis peronis[13]
Polygenis pygaerus[13]
Polygenis rimatus[13]
Polygenis roberti beebei[13]
Polygenis roberti roberti[13]
Polygenis vazquezi[13]
Porrorchis nickoli[12]
Pulex echidnophagoides[13]
Pulex simulans[13]
Rhopalopsyllus australis australis[13]
Rhopalopsyllus cacicus[13]
Rhopalopsyllus lugubris cryptoctenes[13]
Rhopalopsyllus lugubris lugubris[13]
Rhopalopsyllus lutzi lutzi[13]
Rhopalopsyllus saevus[13]
Spelotrema skrjabini <Unverified Name>[12]
Stenoponia americana (American mouse flea)[13]
Thaumasioscolex didelphidis <Unverified Name>[12]
Travassostrongylus callis <Unverified Name>[12]
Travassostrongylus orloffi <Unverified Name>[12]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[12]
Trichuris minuta[12]
Troglostrongylus delicatus <Unverified Name>[12]
Turgida turgida <Unverified Name>[12]
Viannaia hamata <Unverified Name>[12]
Viannaia pusilla <Unverified Name>[12]
Viannaia viannai <Unverified Name>[12]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
North Carolina Zoological Park
Wildlife World Zoo
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH

Range Map

Middle America; Patfa Valley dry forests; South America; Trinity Hills Wildlife Sactuary;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
5Lasiurus borealis, Karl A. Shump Jr. and Ann U. Shump, Mammalian Species No. 183, pp. 1-6 (1982)
6Microtus pinetorum, Michael J. Smolen, Mammalian Species No. 147, pp. 1-7 (1981)
7Tadarida brasiliensis, Kenneth T. Wilkins, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 331, pp. 1-10 (1989)
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Eira barbara, Steven J. Presley, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 636, pp. 1–6 (2000)
10Galictis vittata, Eric Yensen and Teresa Tarifa, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 727, pp. 1–8 (2003)
11Movement patterns and food habits of four sympatric carnivore species in Belize, Central America, Michael John Konecny, Advances in Neotropical Mammalogy, 1984:243-264
12Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
13International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access