> Myrmecobius fasciatus
Myrmecobius fasciatus (Numbat; banded anteater)
The numbat (Myrmecobius fasciatus), also known as the banded anteater, or walpurti, is a marsupial found in Western Australia. Its diet consists almost exclusively of termites. Once widespread across southern Australia, the range is now restricted to several small colonies and it is listed as an endangered species. The numbat is an emblem of Western Australia and protected by conservation programs.
The numbat is a highly distinctive carnivorous marsupial. It is not closely related to any living marsupial (one of its closest relatives is the now extinct thylacine or Tasmanian tiger), lacks a pouch, and is one of only two marsupials to be active exclusively during the day. It is also the only marsupial to feed strictly on social insects: individuals suck up around 20,000 termites a day with their long, sticky tongues. Once widespread across Australia, the species is now extinct in over 99% of its former range, primarily as a result of introduction of foxes by European settlers and changes in fire regimes. Extensive conservation efforts are underway to save the two remaining natural populations, while conservation breeding and reintroduction programmes have succeeded in establishing six populations in areas of the numbats former range.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0)
Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 30.5
EDGE Score: 5.53
|Adult Weight  ||1.04 lbs (472 g)|
|Gestation  ||14 days|
|Litter Size  ||4|
|Maximum Longevity  ||11 years|
|Weaning  ||8 months 3 days|
Institutions (Zoos, etc.)
Species recognized by Groves C.P., 2006-11-28, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <www.iucnredlist.org
> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Attributes / relations provided by ♦ 1
de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits.
Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 ♦ 2Species Interactions of Australia Database
, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19 ♦ 3
Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database
of the Natural History Museum, London ♦ 4International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation
. Science, 342, 803–805
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.