Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Dasyuromorphia > Myrmecobiidae > Myrmecobius > Myrmecobius fasciatus
 

Myrmecobius fasciatus (Numbat; banded anteater)

Wikipedia Abstract

The numbat (Myrmecobius fasciatus), also known as the banded anteater, or walpurti, is a marsupial found in Western Australia. Its diet consists almost exclusively of termites. Once widespread across southern Australia, the range is now restricted to several small colonies and it is listed as an endangered species. The numbat is an emblem of Western Australia and protected by conservation programs.
View Wikipedia Record: Myrmecobius fasciatus

Infraspecies

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Myrmecobius fasciatus

EDGE Analysis

The numbat is a highly distinctive carnivorous marsupial. It is not closely related to any living marsupial (one of its closest relatives is the now extinct thylacine or Tasmanian tiger), lacks a pouch, and is one of only two marsupials to be active exclusively during the day. It is also the only marsupial to feed strictly on social insects: individuals suck up around 20,000 termites a day with their long, sticky tongues. Once widespread across Australia, the species is now extinct in over 99% of its former range, primarily as a result of introduction of foxes by European settlers and changes in fire regimes. Extensive conservation efforts are underway to save the two remaining natural populations, while conservation breeding and reintroduction programmes have succeeded in establishing six populations in areas of the numbat’s former range.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
15
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
74
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 30.5
EDGE Score: 5.53
View EDGE Record: Myrmecobius fasciatus

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.04 lbs (472 g)
Gestation [1]  14 days
Litter Size [1]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  11 years
Weaning [1]  8 months 3 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Southwest Australia savanna Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Australia woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Dragon Rocks Nature Reserve 79568 Western Australia, Australia      
Tone-Perup Nature Reserve 138231 Western Australia, Australia      

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Southwest Australia Australia Yes

Emblem of

Western Australia

Predators

Echidnophaga myrmecobii (Red flea)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Australiformis semoni <Unverified Name>[3]
Beveridgiella calabyi <Unverified Name>[3]
Beveridgiella inglisi <Unverified Name>[3]
Echidnophaga gallinacea (sticktight flea)[4]
Echidnophaga myrmecobii[4]
Echidnophaga perilis (Rabbit stickfast flea)[4]
Multisentis myrmecobius <Unverified Name>[3]
Plagiorhynchus cylindraceus[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Perth Zoological Gardens

Range Map

Link to Map
Australia;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Groves C.P., 28-Nov-2006, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <www.iucnredlist.org> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19 3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 4International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011