Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Diprotodontia > Phascolarctidae > Phascolarctos > Phascolarctos cinereus
 

Phascolarctos cinereus (Koala)

Wikipedia Abstract

The koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) is an arboreal herbivorous marsupial native to Australia, and the only extant representative of the family Phascolarctidae. It is classified in the suborder Vombatiformes within the order Diprotodontia and its closest living relatives are the wombats. The koala is found in coastal areas of the continent's eastern and southern regions, inhabiting Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia.
View Wikipedia Record: Phascolarctos cinereus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
21
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
46
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 41.29
EDGE Score: 3.74

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  20.50 lbs (9.30 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  0.36 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 9 months
Male Maturity [1]  3 years
Gestation [1]  31 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  22 years
Weaning [1]  11 months 12 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Australian Alps montane grasslands Australia Australasia Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Brigalow tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Australia mulga shrublands Australia Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Australian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Einasleigh upland savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eyre and York mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mitchell grass downs Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Mount Lofty woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Murray-Darling woodlands and mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Naracoorte woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Queensland tropical rain forests Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Simpson desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southeast Australia temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southeast Australia temperate savanna Australia Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tirari-Sturt stony desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Bald Rock National Park II 21998 New South Wales, Australia
Croajingolong National Park II 217067 Victoria, Australia
Dunggir National Park II 6402 New South Wales, Australia
Flinders Chase National Park II 81245 South Australia, Australia
Girraween National Park II 28978 Queensland, Australia
Grampians National Park II 416373 Victoria, Australia
Kosciuszko National Park II 1705480 New South Wales, Australia
Lamington National Park II 50970 Queensland, Australia
Maria National Park II 5735 New South Wales, Australia
Wilson's Promontory National Park II 119279 Victoria, Australia

Emblem of

Queensland

Prey / Diet

Corymbia gummifera (red bloodwood)[2]
Eucalyptus agglomerata (blue-leaf stringybark)[2]
Eucalyptus camaldulensis (river redgum)[3]
Eucalyptus coolabah (coolibah)[3]
Eucalyptus decorticans (Gum-topped ironbark)[3]
Eucalyptus exserta (Queensland peppermint)[3]
Eucalyptus melanophloia (silver-leaf ironbark)[3]
Eucalyptus ochrophloia (Napunyah)[3]
Eucalyptus populnea (Poplar box)[3]
Eucalyptus punctata (gray gum)[2]
Eucalyptus thozetiana[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Apiomorpha attenuata1
Apiomorpha baeuerleni1
Apiomorpha conica2
Apiomorpha duplex1
Apiomorpha excupula1
Apiomorpha frenchi1
Apiomorpha karschi1
Apiomorpha ovicola3
Apiomorpha pedunculata2
Apiomorpha pharetrata1
Apiomorpha strombylosa1
Ascelis praemollis1
Ascelis schraderi1
Australiputo eucalypti1
Dysmicoccus anicus1
Entomyzon cyanotis (Blue-faced Honeyeater)1
Eriococcus confusus1
Eriococcus coriaceus (gum tree scale)1
Lachnodius lectularius1
Petauroides volans (Greater Glider)1
Petaurus australis (Yellow-bellied Glider)1
Petaurus breviceps (Sugar Glider)1
Pseudococcus eucalypticus1
Pseudotargionia asymmetrica1
Sphaerococcopsis simplicior1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Bertiella obesa <Unverified Name>[4]
Breinlia mundayi <Unverified Name>[5]
Cryptosporidium fayeri <Unverified Name>[5]
Cryptosporidium parvum[5]
Durikainema phascolarcti <Unverified Name>[4]
Encephalitozoon intestinalis[5]
Giardia duodenalis <Unverified Name>[5]
Marsupostrongylus longilarvatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Toxoplasma gondii <Unverified Name>[5]
Trypanosoma irwini <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoovictor
Albuquerque Biological Parkvictor
Australia Zoo
 adustus
 victor
Blackbutt Reserve
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
 cinereus
Cleland Wildlife Parkvictor
Cleveland Metroparks Zooadustus
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
 adustus
Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary
 adustus
David Fleay Wildlife Park
Dreamworld Pty Ltd
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zooadustus
Healesville Sanctuaryvictor
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zooadustus
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
 adustus
Melbourne Zoovictor
Miami Metrozooadustus
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
 adustus
National Zoo & Aquariumvictor
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.victor
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Parkadustus
Perth Zoological Gardens
Riverbanks Zoo and Gardenadustus
Saitama Children's Zoo
 adustus
 cinereus
San Diego Zooadustus
San Francisco Zoological Gardensadustus
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbHadustus
Symbio Wildlife Gardens
Taipei Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
 adustus
Tampa's Lowry Park Zooadustus
Taronga Zoo
 cinereus
Tidbinbilla Nature Reservecinereus
 victor
Western Plains Zoo
 cinereus
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendaeladustus
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)adustus
Zoo Duisburg AGadustus
Zoo Parc de Beauvaladustus

Range Map

Link to Map
Australia; Croajingolong;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Groves C.P., 2006-11-28, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2KOALA FEEDING AND ROOSTING TREES IN THE CAMPBELLTOWN AREA OF NEW SOUTH WALES, ALAN F. SLUITER , ROBERT L. CLOSE AND STEVEN J. WARD, Australian Mammalogy 23: 173-175 (2005) 3Low-density koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) populations in the mulgalands of south-west Queensland. II. Distribution and diet, B. J. Sullivan, W. M. Norris and G. S. Baxter, Wildlife Research, 2003, 30, 331–338 4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 5Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011