Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Diprotodontia > Phalangeroidea > Phalangeridae > Phalanger > Phalanger orientalis
 

Phalanger orientalis (Northern Common Cuscus)

Wikipedia Abstract

The northern common cuscus (Phalanger orientalis), also known as the grey cuscus, is a species of marsupial in the Phalangeridae family native to northern New Guinea and adjacent smaller islands, but is now also found in the Bismarck Archipelago, south-east and central Moluccas, the Solomons and Timor, where it is believed to have been introduced in prehistoric times. It was formerly considered conspecific with the allopatric P. intercastellanus and P. mimicus.
View Wikipedia Record: Phalanger orientalis

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
23
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.51
EDGE Score: 2.25

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  5.51 lbs (2.50 kg)
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  40 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  10 %
Diet - Plants [2]  40 %
Diet - Vertibrates [2]  10 %
Forages - Arboreal [2]  100 %
Litter Size [1]  2
Nocturnal [3]  Yes

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Banda Sea Islands moist deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Biak-Numfoor rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Buru rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Central Range montane rain forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Huon Peninsula montane rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
New Britain-New Ireland lowland rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Northern New Guinea lowland rain and freshwater swamp forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern New Guinea montane rain forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Seram rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Timor and Wetar deciduous forests East Timor, Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Vogelkop-Aru lowland rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yapen rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
East Melanesian Islands Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu No
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia No

Prey / Diet

Ficus bernaysii[4]
Ficus copiosa[4]
Ficus dammaropsis (Highland Breadfruit)[4]
Ficus nodosa[4]
Ficus phaeosyce[4]
Ficus pungens[4]
Ficus septica[4]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[4]
Ficus tinctoria (fig)[4]
Ficus trachypison[4]
Ficus wassa[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Ailuroedus buccoides (White-eared Catbird)7
Aplonis cantoroides (Singing Starling)2
Campochaera sloetii (Golden Cuckooshrike)5
Casuarius bennetti (Dwarf Cassowary)3
Charmosyna placentis (Red-flanked Lorikeet)4
Cicinnurus regius (King Bird-of-Paradise)5
Columba vitiensis (Metallic Pigeon)4
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)2
Dicaeum pectorale (Olive-crowned Flowerpecker)5
Dicrurus hottentottus (Hair-crested Drongo)2
Dobsonia minor (lesser naked-backed fruit bat)9
Dobsonia moluccensis (Moluccan naked-backed fruit bat)10
Ducula pinon (Pinon Imperial Pigeon)4
Ducula rufigaster (Purple-tailed Imperial Pigeon)4
Echymipera kalubu (Common Echymipera)9
Echymipera rufescens (Long-nosed Echymipera)10
Gallicolumba jobiensis (Purple Ground Dove)4
Gallicolumba rufigula (Cinnamon Ground Dove)4
Gymnophaps albertisii (Papuan Mountain Pigeon)4
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)2
Lalage atrovirens (Black-browed Triller)5
Lorius lory (Black-capped Lory)4
Macaca cyclopis (Taiwan macaque)3
Macroglossus minimus (lesser long-tongued fruit bat)11
Melanocharis nigra (Black Berrypecker)5
Meliphaga aruensis (Puff-backed Honeyeater)3
Nyctimene albiventer (common tube-nosed fruit bat)11
Oriolus szalayi (Brown Oriole)5
Paradisaea raggiana (Raggiana Bird-of-Paradise)2
Paranyctimene raptor (unstriped tube-nosed bat)10
Peroryctes raffrayana (Raffray's Bandicoot)10
Phalanger vestitus (Stein's Cuscus)11
Philemon buceroides (Helmeted Friarbird)7
Pitohui kirhocephalus (Variable Pitohui)4
Poecilodryas placens (Olive-yellow Robin)3
Pseudeos fuscata (Dusky Lory)4
Pteropus conspicillatus (spectacled flying fox)3
Pteropus neohibernicus (great flying fox)2
Ptilinopus coronulatus (Coroneted Fruit Dove)4
Ptilinopus iozonus (Orange-bellied Fruit Dove)4
Ptilinopus magnificus (Wompoo Fruit Dove)6
Ptilinopus solomonensis (Yellow-bibbed Fruit Dove)4
Ptiloris magnificus (Magnificent Riflebird)5
Reinwardtoena reinwardtii (Great Cuckoo-Dove)4
Rhyticeros plicatus (Papuan Hornbill)8
Rousettus amplexicaudatus (Geoffroy's rousette)11
Seleucidis melanoleucus (Twelve-wired bird-of-paradise)4
Sphecotheres viridis (Green Figbird)3
Spilocuscus maculatus (Common Spotted Cuscus)10
Syconycteris australis (southern blossom bat)10
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)5

Predators

Haliaeetus sanfordi (Sanford's Sea-eagle)[5]
Morelia spilota (Carpet python)[6]
Simalia amethistina (amethystine python)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Bertiella deblocki <Unverified Name>[7]

Range Map

Australia; Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
5del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access