Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Diprotodontia > Potoroidae > Bettongia > Bettongia penicillata

Bettongia penicillata (Woylie)

Wikipedia Abstract

The woylie (Bettongia ogilbyi), also known as the brush-tailed bettong, is an extremely rare small marsupial that belongs to the genus Bettongia. It is endemic to Australia. Formerly it had two separate subspecies, B. p. ogilbyi and the now extinct B. p. penicillata.
View Wikipedia Record: Bettongia penicillata

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Bettongia penicillata

EDGE Analysis

The woylie, or brush-tailed bettong, is a small nocturnal marsupial that plays an important role in maintaining the health of its habitat. Formerly widespread across much of Australia, the woylie declined dramatically following European colonisation. However, extensive conservation efforts throughout the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s brought the species back from the brink of extinction; the woylie became the first mammal in Australia to be removed from threatened species lists as a result of conservation action. Unfortunately the species has once again suffered a population crash with populations estimated to have declined by more than 80% over the past decade. Researchers are racing against the clock to identify the cause of the declines so that appropriate conservation action can be taken.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.04
EDGE Score: 5.08
View EDGE Record: Bettongia penicillata


Adult Weight [1]  3.31 lbs (1.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  0.29 grams
Female Maturity [1]  6 months
Diet [2]  Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  70 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  30 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  18 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  3
Maximum Longevity [1]  19 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [1]  5 months


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Cape York Peninsula tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Carpentaria tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Einasleigh upland savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Jarrah-Karri forest and shrublands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Australia woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Fitzgerald River National Park II 732417 Western Australia, Australia
Francois Peron National Park II 129953 Western Australia, Australia      
Shark Bay World Heritage Site 5429647 Western Australia, Australia    
Tone-Perup Nature Reserve 138231 Western Australia, Australia      

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Southwest Australia Australia No


Parasitized by 
Eucoleus potoroi <Unverified Name>[3]
Hymenolepis fraterna <Unverified Name>[4]
Mastophorus muris[4]
Ophidascaris robertsi <Unverified Name>[4]
Paraheterodoxus calcaratus[3]
Paraustrostrongylus bettongia <Unverified Name>[3]
Paraustrostrongylus bettongiae <Unverified Name>[4]
Potorostrongylus finlaysoni <Unverified Name>[4]
Pygiopsylla hilli[5]
Rodentolepis fraterna <Unverified Name>[3]
Stephanocircus dasyuri[5]
Stephanopsylla thomasi[5]
Toxoplasma gondii <Unverified Name>[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoo
Alice Springs Desert Parkogilbyi
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Birmingham Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Cleland Wildlife Park
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Gladys Porter Zoo
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
Kangaroo Conservation Center
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Monarto Zoological Parkogilbyi
Montgomery Zoo
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Perth Zoological Gardensogilbyi
Prospect Park Zoo
Riga Zooogilbyi
Saitama Children's Zoo
South Lakes Wild Animal Park
Tama Zoological Park
Taronga Zooogilbyi
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Wildlife World Zoo
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Ganogilbyi
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen

Range Map




Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
5International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access