Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Diprotodontia > Macropodidae > Macropus > Macropus rufus
 

Macropus rufus (Red Kangaroo)

Wikipedia Abstract

The red kangaroo (Macropus rufus) is the largest of all kangaroos, the largest mammal native to Australia, and the largest extant marsupial. It is found across mainland Australia, avoiding only the more fertile areas in the south, the east coast, and the northern rainforests.
View Wikipedia Record: Macropus rufus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
20
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.02
EDGE Score: 2.08

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  121.25 lbs (55.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  1 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 5 months
Male Maturity [1]  2 years 2 months
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Gestation [1]  33 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  25 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [1]  0 years 12 months

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Brigalow tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Carnarvon xeric shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Carpentaria tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Central Ranges xeric scrub Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Coolgardie woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eastern Australia mulga shrublands Australia Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Australian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Einasleigh upland savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Esperance mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eyre and York mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Gibson desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Sandy-Tanami desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Victoria desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kimberly tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Mitchell grass downs Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Mount Lofty woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Murray-Darling woodlands and mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Nullarbor Plains xeric shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pilbara shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Simpson desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southeast Australia temperate savanna Australia Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southwest Australia savanna Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Tirari-Sturt stony desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Victoria Plains tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Western Australian Mulga shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Hattah-Kulkyne NP and Murray-Kulkyne Park National Park II 122831 Victoria, Australia
Riverland Biosphere Reserve Ia 1490891 South Australia, Australia
Uluru - Kata Tjuta National Park II 332429 Northern Territory, Australia
Yathong Nature Reserve Ia 270264 New South Wales, Australia

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Southwest Australia Australia No

Emblem of

Australia
Northern Territory

Prey / Diet

Casuarina cristata (belah)[3]
Chloris ventricosa (Australian windmill grass)[4]
Dactyloctenium radulans (buttongrass)[3]
Dichanthium sericeum (silky bluestem)[3]
Eragrostis setifolia (bristleleaf lovegrass)[3]
Hordeum murinum subsp. leporinum[3]
Sporobolus caroli[3]
Stipa variabilis[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anostostoma australasiae (King Cricket)1
Macropus giganteus (Eastern Grey Kangaroo)7
Peridiococcus ethelae1
Pseudoripersia brevipes1
Pseudoripersia turgipes (Casuarina mealybug)1
Vombatus ursinus (Common Wombat)1

Predators

Canis lupus dingo (domestic dog)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Boopia grandis <Unverified Name>[6]
Breinlia annulipapillata <Unverified Name>[6]
Breinlia dentonensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Breinlia robertsi <Unverified Name>[6]
Breinlia ventricola <Unverified Name>[6]
Cloacina ares <Unverified Name>[7]
Cloacina expansa <Unverified Name>[7]
Cloacina herceus <Unverified Name>[7]
Cloacina hydriformis <Unverified Name>[7]
Cloacina inflata <Unverified Name>[7]
Cloacina liebigi <Unverified Name>[7]
Cloacina longelabiata <Unverified Name>[7]
Cloacina longispiculata <Unverified Name>[7]
Cloacina macropodis <Unverified Name>[7]
Cloacina magnipapillata <Unverified Name>[7]
Cloacina petrogale <Unverified Name>[7]
Coronostrongylus barkeri <Unverified Name>[7]
Coronostrongylus coronatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Cryptosporidium fayeri <Unverified Name>[6]
Cryptosporidium macropodum <Unverified Name>[6]
Cryptosporidium parvum[6]
Eimeria macropodis <Unverified Name>[6]
Eimeria rufusi <Unverified Name>[6]
Eimeria toganmainensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Eimeria wilcanniensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Filarinema australe <Unverified Name>[7]
Filarinema australis <Unverified Name>[6]
Filarinema dissimile <Unverified Name>[6]
Filarinema flagrifer <Unverified Name>[7]
Filarinema moernnigi <Unverified Name>[6]
Filarinema occidentale <Unverified Name>[6]
Giardia duodenalis <Unverified Name>[6]
Haemonchus contortus (red stomach worm)[6]
Heterodoxus longitarsus <Unverified Name>[6]
Hypodontus macropi <Unverified Name>[7]
Klossiella rufi <Unverified Name>[6]
Labiostrongylus aridus <Unverified Name>[6]
Labiostrongylus camporum <Unverified Name>[6]
Labiostrongylus longispicularis <Unverified Name>[7]
Macropodinium ennuensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Macropostrongyloides baylisi <Unverified Name>[7]
Macropostrongyloides yamagutii <Unverified Name>[7]
Papillostrongylus barbatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Papillostrongylus labiatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Pelecitus roemeri <Unverified Name>[7]
Pharyngostrongylus kappa <Unverified Name>[7]
Pharyngostrongylus lambda <Unverified Name>[7]
Popovastrongylus macropodis <Unverified Name>[7]
Progamotaenia festiva <Unverified Name>[7]
Progamotaenia ruficola <Unverified Name>[7]
Rugopharynx australis[7]
Rugopharynx delta <Unverified Name>[7]
Stephanocircus harrisoni[8]
Triplotaenia undosa <Unverified Name>[7]
Wallabinema cobbi <Unverified Name>[7]
Zoniolaimus cobbi <Unverified Name>[6]
Zoniolaimus latebrosus <Unverified Name>[7]
Zoniolaimus mawsonae <Unverified Name>[7]
Zoniolaimus setifera <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoo
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
African Safari
Alameda Park Zoo
Albuquerque Biological Park
Alexandria Zoological Park
Alice Springs Desert Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Auckland Zoological Park
Australia Zoo
Banham Zoo Ltd.
Binder Park Zoo
Birmingham Zoo
Blaavand Zoo
Blackbutt Reserve
Blackpool Zoo
Bramble Park Zoo
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Brevard Zoo
Brisbane's Alma Park Zoo
Bronx Children's Zoo
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Capron Park Zoo
Central Florida Zoological Park
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
Chahinkapa Zoo
City of Belfast Zoo
Cleland Wildlife Park
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary
Dallas Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Detroit Zoological Society
Dickerson Park Zoo
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
Dierenpark Emmen
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Dreamworld Pty Ltd
Flamingo Land LTD
Forest Park Zoological Society
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Fundacion Zoológica del Ecuador
Giza Zoological Garden
Guadalajara Zoo
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Healesville Sanctuary
Henry Vilas Zoo
International Animal Exchange, Inc.
INTERZOO
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Kangaroo Conservation Center
Kansas City Zoo
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Lake Superior Zoological Gardens
Lee Richardson Zoo
Lehigh Valley Zoo
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Linton Zoological Gardens
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Melbourne Zoo
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Montgomery Zoo
Museum de Besancon
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
National Zoo & Aquarium
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Oglebay's Good Children's Zoo
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Orana Wildlife Park
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Parc de Lunaret
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Perth Zoological Gardens
Planete Sauvage
Potter Park Zoological Gardens
Pueblo Zoo
Racine Zoological Gardens
Riga Zoo
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
Roosevelt Park Zoo
Sacramento Zoo
Safari de Peaugres
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
Saint Louis Zoological Park
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Diego Zoo
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
South Lakes Wild Animal Park
Southwicks Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Taronga Zoo
Territory Wildlife Park (Berry Springs
The Philadelphia Zoo
Thoiry Zoological Park
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Virginia Safari Park & Preserv Ctr,Inc
Wadi Al Safa Wildlife Centre
Western Plains Zoo
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildlife World Zoo
Wilhelma Zoo
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Yokohama Zool. Gardens
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo d'Asson
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo of Acadiana
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Parc Overloon
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlava
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologická zahrada Hodonín
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig

Range Map

Australia;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Groves C.P., 2006-11-28, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3DIETS AND FORAGING BEHAVIOUR OF RED AND EASTERN GREY KANGAROOS IN ARID SHRUB LAND: IS FEEDING BEHAVIOUR INVOLVED IN THE RANGE EXPANSION OF THE EASTERN GREY KANGAROO INTO THE ARID ZONE?, TERENCE J. DAWSON, KIRSTEN J. MCTAVISH AND BEVERLEY A. ELLIS, Australian Mammalogy 26: 169-178 (2004) 4Who's Eating Who 59.1 Dingo, Canis lupus dingo, L.K. Corbett, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp. 6Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 8International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011