Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Casuariiformes > Casuariidae > Casuarius > Casuarius casuarius

Casuarius casuarius (Southern Cassowary)

Synonyms: Struthio casuarius

Wikipedia Abstract

The southern cassowary (Casuarius casuarius) also known as double-wattled cassowary, Australian cassowary or two-wattled cassowary, is a large flightless black bird. It is a ratite and therefore related to the emu, ostrich, and the genus Rhea. (See also dwarf cassowary and northern cassowary.)
View Wikipedia Record: Casuarius casuarius

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 18.8132
EDGE Score: 4.37264


Adult Weight [1]  97.00 lbs (44.00 kg)
Female Maturity [3]  3 years
Male Maturity [3]  3 years
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  80 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  10 %
Diet - Vertibrates [2]  10 %
Forages - Understory [2]  20 %
Forages - Ground [2]  80 %
Clutch Size [4]  4
Clutches / Year [3]  2
Incubation [3]  54 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Cape York Peninsula tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern New Guinea lowland rain and freshwater swamp forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Queensland tropical rain forests Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Southeastern Papuan rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern New Guinea freshwater swamp forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern New Guinea lowland rain forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trans Fly savanna and grasslands Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Vogelkop-Aru lowland rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Wasur-Rawa Biru National Park 605464 Papua, Indonesia  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Pulau Kobroor Indonesia A1, A2

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia No

Prey / Diet

Acronychia acronychioides[3]
Acronychia vestita[5]
Beilschmiedia oligandra[5]
Cryptocarya mackinnoniana[5]
Davidsonia pruriens[3]
Elaeocarpus foveolatus[5]
Ficus copiosa[6]
Ficus crassipes (Round-leaved Banana Fig)[6]
Ficus melinocarpa[6]
Ficus virens[6]
Ficus watkinsiana (Ficus watkinsiana)[6]
Polyalthia michaelii[3]
Solanum torvum (Turkey Berry)[5]
Syzygium divaricatum[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alisterus scapularis (Australian King Parrot)2
Amaurornis phoenicurus (White-breasted Waterhen)1
Aplonis metallica (Metallic Starling)2
Cacatua sulphurea (Yellow-crested Cockatoo)1
Chlamydera cerviniventris (Fawn-breasted Bowerbird)1
Columba leucomela (White-headed Pigeon)2
Coracina boyeri (Boyer's Cuckooshrike)1
Coracina caeruleogrisea (Stout-billed Cuckooshrike)1
Coracina lineata (Barred Cuckooshrike)2
Dicaeum pectorale (Olive-crowned Flowerpecker)1
Diphyllodes magnificus (Magnificent bird-of-paradise)1
Dobsonia minor (lesser naked-backed fruit bat)1
Dobsonia moluccensis (Moluccan naked-backed fruit bat)2
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)1
Ducula pacifica (Pacific Imperial Pigeon)1
Ducula pistrinaria (Island Imperial-pigeon)1
Ducula rufigaster (Purple-tailed Imperial Pigeon)1
Ducula zoeae (Zoe Imperial Pigeon)1
Echymipera kalubu (Common Echymipera)1
Echymipera rufescens (Long-nosed Echymipera)1
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)2
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)1
Hypsiprymnodon moschatus (Musky Rat-kangaroo)1
Lalage leucomela (Varied Triller)1
Lopholaimus antarcticus (Topknot Pigeon)3
Lorius lory (Black-capped Lory)1
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)1
Macroglossus minimus (lesser long-tongued fruit bat)1
Macropygia amboinensis (Brown Cuckoo-Dove)1
Manucodia chalybatus (Crinkle-collared Manucode)1
Melanocharis nigra (Black Berrypecker)1
Meliphaga lewinii (Lewin's Honeyeater)1
Mino dumontii (Yellow-faced Myna)1
Nyctimene albiventer (common tube-nosed fruit bat)1
Oriolus szalayi (Brown Oriole)1
Paradisaea raggiana (Raggiana Bird-of-Paradise)1
Paranyctimene raptor (unstriped tube-nosed bat)1
Parus major (Great Tit)1
Peroryctes raffrayana (Raffray's Bandicoot)1
Phalanger orientalis (Northern Common Cuscus)1
Phalanger vestitus (Stein's Cuscus)1
Philemon buceroides (Helmeted Friarbird)1
Pitohui dichrous (Hooded Pitohui)1
Platycercus elegans (Crimson Rosella)2
Pseudochirops archeri (Green Ringtail)1
Pteropus alecto (black flying fox)1
Pteropus conspicillatus (spectacled flying fox)4
Pteropus poliocephalus (gray-headed flying fox)3
Pteropus tonganus (Pacific flying fox)2
Ptilinopus cinctus (Banded Fruit Dove)2
Ptilinopus iozonus (Orange-bellied Fruit Dove)1
Ptilinopus magnificus (Wompoo Fruit Dove)3
Ptilinopus nainus (Dwarf Fruit Dove)1
Ptilinopus perlatus (Pink-spotted Fruit Dove)1
Ptilinopus pulchellus (Beautiful Fruit Dove)1
Ptilinopus regina (Rose-crowned Fruit Dove)3
Ptilinopus superbus (Superb Fruit Dove)2
Ptilonorhynchus violaceus (Satin Bowerbird)1
Ptiloris magnificus (Magnificent Riflebird)1
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)1
Pycnopygius stictocephalus (Streak-headed Honeyeater)1
Rhyticeros plicatus (Papuan Hornbill)1
Rousettus amplexicaudatus (Geoffroy's rousette)1
Scythrops novaehollandiae (Channel-billed Cuckoo)1
Sericulus chrysocephalus (Regent Bowerbird)1
Sphecotheres viridis (Green Figbird)1
Spilocuscus maculatus (Common Spotted Cuscus)1
Strepera graculina (Pied Currawong)1
Streptopelia chinensis (Spotted Dove)1
Syconycteris australis (southern blossom bat)1
Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus (Scaly-breasted Lorikeet)2
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)2
Xanthotis flaviventer (Tawny-breasted Honeyeater)1
Zosterops atrifrons (Black-crowned White-eye)1


Parasitized by 
Raillietina casuarii <Unverified Name>[7]
Raillietina geraldschmidti <Unverified Name>[7]
Raillietina infrequens <Unverified Name>[7]
Toxoplasma gondii <Unverified Name>[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoojohnsonii
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Alexandria Zoological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Artis Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Australia Zoo
Birdland Park & Gardens
Birmingham Zoo
Blaavand Zoo
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moines
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Brevard Zoo
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Chicago Zoological Park
Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuaryjohnsonii
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Dreamworld Pty Ltd
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Giza Zoological Garden
Gladys Porter Zoo
Guadalajara Zooaltijugus
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Melbourne Zoojohnsonii
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Moscow Zoological Park
Mulhouse Zoo
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
North of England Zoological Society
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Parc de Lunaret
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologique d'Amiens
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Parque Zoologico Nacional, ZOODOM
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leonaltijugus
Perth Zoological Gardens
Ragunan Zoological Park
Riga Zoo
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Sedgwick County Zoo
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
St. Augustine Alligator Farm
Symbio Wildlife Gardensjohnsonii
Szeged Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Taronga Zoojohnsonii
Terra Natura S.A.
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Thoiry Zoological Park
Virginia Zoological Park
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
White Oak Conservation Center
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildlife World Zoo
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)
Zoo Melaka
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnice
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding

Range Map




Attributes / relations provided by
1Brown, C. R. 1997. Purple martin (Progne subis). In A. Poole, and F. Gill, eds. The Birds of North America. No. 287. Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and American Ornithologists’ Union, Washington, DC. 32pp.
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Stocker, G. C., & Irvine, A. K. (1983). Seed dispersal by cassowaries (Casuarius casuarius) in North Queensland's rainforests. Biotropica, 170-176.
6"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
8Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access