Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Phasianidae > Lophura > Lophura leucomelanos

Lophura leucomelanos (Kalij Pheasant)

Synonyms: Lophura leucomelana

Wikipedia Abstract

The kalij pheasant (Lophura leucomelanos) is a pheasant found in forests and thickets, especially in the Himalayan foothills, from Pakistan to western Thailand. Males are rather variable depending on the subspecies involved, but all have an at least partially glossy bluish-black plumage, while females are overall brownish. Both sexes have a bare red face and greyish legs (the latter separating it from the red-legged silver pheasant). It is generally common and widespread, though three of its eastern subspecies (oatesi, lineata and crawfurdi) are considered threatened and moffitti is virtually unknown in the wild.
View Wikipedia Record: Lophura leucomelanos


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.24104
EDGE Score: 1.44481


Adult Weight [1]  1.95 lbs (885 g)
Female Weight [1]  1.75 lbs (795 g)
Male Weight [1]  2.15 lbs (975 g)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  22.6 %
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Fruit [2]  30 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  30 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Clutch Size [3]  7
Incubation [1]  21 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests Myanmar, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alaungdaw Kathapa National Park II 421336 Myanmar  
Bandli Wildlife Sanctuary IV 3184 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Blue Mountain (Phawngpui) National Park II 13648 Mizoram, India  
Bung Kroeng Kavia Non-hunting Area   Thailand      
Buxa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary IV 23685 West Bengal, India  
Chail Sanctuary IV 31333 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Daranghati Sanctuary IV 8190 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Darlanghat Sanctuary IV 28567 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Gamgul Siahbehi Sanctuary IV 22296 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Great Himalayan National Park II 184040 Himachal Pradesh, India
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park 177278 Hawaii, United States
Hawaiian Islands Biosphere Reserve 245981 Hawaii, United States  
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Kaeng Krachan National Park II 753452 Thailand
Kais Sanctuary IV 3006 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Kalatop Khajjiar Sanctuary IV   Himachal Pradesh, India  
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park   Hawaii, United States
Kanawar Sanctuary IV 19991 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park II 39512 Thailand
Khaoen Si Nakarin National Park II 459154 Thailand
Kugti Sanctuary IV 126362 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Mae Tuen Wildlife Sanctuary IV 307947 Thailand  
Mae Wong National Park II 221459 Thailand
Maenam Phachi Wildlife Sanctuary IV 122816 Thailand  
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Naina Devi Sanctuary IV 9627 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Namdapha National Park II   Arunachal Pradesh, India
Nanda Devi National Park II 161583 Uttaranchal, India  
Om Koi Wildlife Sanctuary IV 299357 Thailand  
Pidaung Wildlife Sanctuary III 244241 Myanmar  
Pong Lake Sanctuary IV 61391 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Renuka Sanctuary IV 10296 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Rupi Bhaba Sanctuary IV 211985 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Sai Yok National Park II 235556 Thailand
Salak Phra Wildlife Sanctuary IV 241622 Thailand  
Salawin National Park II 400497 Thailand
Shikari Devi Sanctuary IV 19079 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Shilli Sanctuary IV 498 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Shimla Water Catchment Sanctuary IV 8995 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Simbalbara Sanctuary IV 40364 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Talra Sanctuary IV 8910 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Tundah Sanctuary IV 26333 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 619152 Thailand  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No


Bubo nipalensis (Spot-bellied Eagle-Owl)[4]
Lophotriorchis kienerii (Rufous-bellied Eagle)[1]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoo
Al Bustan Zoological Centerhamiltonii
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstanleucomelanos
Attica Zoological Park S.A.hamiltonii
Bannerghatta Biological Park
Bharat Ratna Pandit Gobind Ballabh
Blackbrook Zoological Parkhamiltonii
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Guadalajara Zooleucomelanos
Harewood Bird Garden at Leedshamiltonii
Himalayan Nature Park
Honolulu Zoo
Jawaharlal Nehru Biological Park
Kaliningrad Zoohamiltonii
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Kishinev Zooparkleucomelanos
Lakeland Wildlife Oasis
Lucknow Zoological Park
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Moscow Zoological Park
Niabi Zoohamiltonii
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Councilleucomelanos
Novosibirsk Zoological Parkleucomelanos
Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zool. Park
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)hamiltonii
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park
Songkhla Zoo
Taipei Zooleucomelanos
Taronga Zoo
Tata Steel Zoological Park
The Pheasant Foundation (OHBG)leucomelanos
Tilgate Nature Centreleucomelanos
Wingham Wildlife Park
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenhamiltonii
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbHhamiltonii
Zoologischer Garten Leipzighamiltonii


Oceania; Southern Asia;



Attributes / relations provided by
1del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4Predation by Forest Eagle-Owl Bubo nipalensis on Mouse Deer Moschiola meminna, Nandini R, Indian Birds Vol. 1 No. 5 (September-October 2005), p. 119-120
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access