Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Phasianidae > Meleagris > Meleagris ocellata

Meleagris ocellata (Ocellated Turkey)

Synonyms: Agriocharis ocellata

Wikipedia Abstract

The ocellated turkey (Meleagris ocellata) is a species of turkey residing primarily in the Yucatán Peninsula. A relative of the wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo), it was sometimes previously treated in a genus of its own (Agriocharis), but the differences between the two turkeys are currently considered too small to justify generic segregation. It is a relatively large bird, at around 70–122 cm (28–48 in) long and an average weight of 3 kg (6.6 lb) in females and 5 kg (11 lb) in males.
View Wikipedia Record: Meleagris ocellata

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.19075
EDGE Score: 3.01463


Breeding Habitat [1]  Tropical evergreen forests, Tropical dry forests
Wintering Geography [1]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [1]  Tropical evergreen forests, Tropical dry forests
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Diet - Plants [2]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  30 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Clutch Size [4]  12
Incubation [3]  28 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Belizean pine forests Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Chiquibul Forest Reserve VI 148670 Belize  
El Parque Estatal Lagunas de Yalahau Wetland Reserve   Yucatan, Mexico  
Laguna del Tigre National Park II 718533 Guatemala  
Maya Multiple Use Area 1156412 Guatemala  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Tikal National Park II 142943 Guatemala

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Maya Mountains and southern reserves Belize A1, A2, A3
Maya-Lacandon Guatemala A1, A3, A4i
Rio Bravo CMA Gallon Jug Estate Belize A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama Yes


Micrastur semitorquatus (Collared Forest-Falcon)[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Artis Zoo
Audubon Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Dallas World Aquarium
Dallas Zoo
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Jyllands Park Zoo
Miami Metrozoo
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Park
Wildlife World Zoo
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora

Range Map

Middle America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access