Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Anseriformes > Anatidae > Cygnus > Cygnus atratus
 

Cygnus atratus (Black Swan)

Wikipedia Abstract

The black swan (Cygnus atratus) is a large waterbird, a species of swan, which breeds mainly in the southeast and southwest regions of Australia. The species was hunted to extinction in New Zealand, but later reintroduced. Within Australia they are nomadic, with erratic migration patterns dependent upon climatic conditions. Black swans are large birds with mostly black plumage and red bills.
View Wikipedia Record: Cygnus atratus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
9
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
27
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.44589
EDGE Score: 2.13368

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  12.46 lbs (5.65 kg)
Birth Weight [3]  258 grams
Female Weight [2]  11.24 lbs (5.10 kg)
Male Weight [2]  13.67 lbs (6.20 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [2]  21.6 %
Female Maturity [4]  2 years 3 months
Male Maturity [4]  2 years 3 months
Clutch Size [5]  6
Diet [1]  Herbivore
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Coastal, Brackish Water

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Arnhem Land tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Australian Alps montane grasslands Australia Australasia Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Brigalow tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cantebury-Otago tussock grasslands New Zealand Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cape York Peninsula tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Carnarvon xeric shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Carpentaria tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Ranges xeric scrub Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chatham Island temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Coolgardie woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eastern Australia mulga shrublands Australia Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Australian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Einasleigh upland savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Esperance mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eyre and York mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Fiordland temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Gibson desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Sandy-Tanami desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Victoria desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Jarrah-Karri forest and shrublands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Kimberly tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mitchell grass downs Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mount Lofty woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Murray-Darling woodlands and mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Naracoorte woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Nelson Coast temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Island temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northland temperate kauri forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Nullarbor Plains xeric shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pilbara shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Queensland tropical rain forests Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Rakiura Island temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Richmond temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Simpson desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Island montane grasslands New Zealand Australasia Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeast Australia temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southeast Australia temperate savanna Australia Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southland temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southwest Australia savanna Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Australia woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Swan Coastal Plain Scrub and Woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Tasmanian Central Highland forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tasmanian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tasmanian temperate rain forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tirari-Sturt stony desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Victoria Plains tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Australian Mulga shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Westland temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Awarua Wetland 49421 South Island, New Zealand      
Coorong National Park II 121235 South Australia, Australia
Croajingolong National Park II 217067 Victoria, Australia
Currawinya Lakes National Park II 372252 Queensland, Australia
Dunkeld–Blairgowrie Lochs 1058 Scotland, United Kingdom
Fitzgerald River National Park II 732417 Western Australia, Australia
Flinders Chase National Park II 81245 South Australia, Australia
Grampians National Park II 416373 Victoria, Australia
Hattah-Kulkyne NP and Murray-Kulkyne Park National Park II 122831 Victoria, Australia
Kooragang Nature Reserve IV 8300 New South Wales, Australia  
Kosciuszko National Park II 1705480 New South Wales, Australia
Lavinia Nature Reserve State Reserve II 17390 Tasmania, Australia    
Lower Derwent Valley 2263 England, United Kingdom
Maria Island National Park II 28488 Tasmania, Australia
Neusiedler See-Osterreichischer Teil   Austria      
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Purnululu National Park II 604999 Western Australia, Australia
Riverland Biosphere Reserve Ia 1490891 South Australia, Australia
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
South Taupo Wetland   North Island, New Zealand      
Stirling Range National Park II 281371 Western Australia, Australia
Tongariro National Park II 196174 North Island, New Zealand
Tweed Estuary 385 England, United Kingdom  
Uluru - Kata Tjuta National Park II 332429 Northern Territory, Australia
Wilson's Promontory National Park II 119279 Victoria, Australia

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
New Zealand New Zealand No
Southwest Australia Australia No

Emblem of

Western Australia

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Amidostomum cygni <Unverified Name>[6]
Anaticola megaceros[6]
Anatinella curiosa <Unverified Name>[6]
Anatoecus dentatus[7]
Anatoecus icterodes[7]
Andracantha clavata[7]
Armadoskrjabinia globulosa <Unverified Name>[6]
Baruscapillaria obsignata <Unverified Name>[8]
Capillaria anatis <Unverified Name>[8]
Capillaria obsignata <Unverified Name>[6]
Ciconiphilus pectiniventris[6]
Cloacotaenia megalops[8]
Dendritobilharzia pulverulenta[8]
Dicranotaenia coronula[8]
Diorchis spiralis <Unverified Name>[6]
Diorchis stefanskii <Unverified Name>[8]
Drepanidotaenia lobata <Unverified Name>[6]
Drepanidotaenia rapida <Unverified Name>[6]
Echinuria uncinata[8]
Heterakis circumvallata <Unverified Name>[6]
Heterakis vesicularis[6]
Holomenopon leucoxanthum[6]
Hymenolepis chenopsis <Unverified Name>[8]
Hymenolepis liphallos <Unverified Name>[8]
Hymenolepis magnirostellata <Unverified Name>[8]
Hymenolepis megalops <Unverified Name>[6]
Hymenolepis micrancristrota <Unverified Name>[8]
Hymenolepis southwelli <Unverified Name>[6]
Microsomacanthus chenopsis <Unverified Name>[8]
Ornithobius fuscus[6]
Parabisaccanthes bisacculina[8]
Parabisaccanthes kazachstanica <Unverified Name>[6]
Plasmodium biziurae <Unverified Name>[6]
Tetrameres australis <Unverified Name>[6]
Trinoton nigrum[6]
Tschertkovilepis krabbei <Unverified Name>[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
AB Furuviksparken
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
African Safari
Al Ain Zoo
Alameda Park Zoo
Alexandria Zoological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Ardastra Gardens & Conserv. Centre
Artis Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Banham Zoo Ltd.
Beale Park
Bird Park Marlow
Birdland Park & Gardens
Birmingham Zoo
Blaavand Zoo
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Blackbutt Reserve
Blackpool Zoo
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moines
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Brevard Zoo
Bronx Children's Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Cameron Park Zoo
Canolfan Llanelli Centre W&WTrust
Cape May County Park Zoo
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
Chahinkapa Zoo
Cleland Wildlife Park
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoo
Dakota Zoo
David Traylor Zoo of Emporia
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Dierenpark Wissel
Disney's Animal Kingdom
DSI Givskud Zoo
Dudley Zoological Gardens
Emerald Safari Resort
Erie Zoological Gardens
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plaine
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Fort Wayne Children's Zoo
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fota Wildlife Park
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Gladys Porter Zoo
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Great Plains Zoo
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Hamilton Zoo
Harewood Bird Garden at Leeds
Hattiesburg Zoo
Henry Vilas Zoo
Honolulu Zoo
Hope Zoo (Nature Preservation Found.)
Inokashira Park Zoo
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Joboland Brandesgardshaven
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kansas City Zoo
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Kyiv Zoological Park
Lake Superior Zoological Gardens
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Leeds Castle Enterprises Ltd.
Lehigh Valley Zoo
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
London Wetland Centre (W&WT)
Lotherton Bird Garden
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Louisville Zoological Garden
Magnetic Hill Zoo
Marwell Wildlife
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Melbourne Zoo
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Mitchell Park Zoo
Montgomery Zoo
Moscow Zoological Park
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
National Zoo & Aquarium
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)
Niabi Zoo
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Ocean Park Corporation
Odsherreds Zoo Dyrepark A/S
Oglebay's Good Children's Zoo
Ogrod Zoobotaniczny Torun
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Olmense Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Pafos Bird Park (JSK Bird Park Ltd)
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Pana'ewa Rainforest Zoo & Gardens
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Merveilleux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Parque Zoologico Nacional, ZOODOM
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Peoria Zoo in Glen Oak Park
Perth Zoological Gardens
Phoenix Zoo
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Planete Sauvage
Potawatomi Zoo
Prospect Park Zoo
Racine Zoological Gardens
Ragunan Zoological Park
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
Safari West
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Saitama Children's Zoo
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Santa Fe CollegeTeaching Zoo
Sedgwick County Zoo
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Silver Springs Park
Slimbridge New Grounds W&WTrust
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
South Lakes Wild Animal Park
St. Augustine Alligator Farm
STB Kanta - Friguia Zoo
Sunset Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Taronga Zoo
Tautphaus Park Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
The ZOO, Northwest Florida
Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve
Tiergarten der Stadt Wels
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Tierwelt Herberstein
Tilgate Nature Centre
Touroparc
Tropical Butterfly House
Turtle Back Zoo
Tygerberg Zoopark
Umgeni River Bird Park
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Washington Park Zoological Gardens
Washington Waterfowl Park W&WT
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildlife Safari Inc
Wildlife World Zoo
Willow Park Zoo
Wingham Wildlife Park
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Melaka
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo of Acadiana
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Society of London
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlava
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
ZooWorld Zoological Botanical Conserv.

Range Map

Australia; Croajingolong;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Scott P, Wildfowl Trust. 1972. The swans. Boston (MA): Houghton Mifflin. 242 p. 3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 6Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19 7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Ramsar Sites Information Service Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access