Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Picidae > Melanerpes > Melanerpes pygmaeus

Melanerpes pygmaeus (Yucatan Woodpecker)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The Yucatán woodpecker (Melanerpes pygmaeus) is a species of bird in the Picidae family. It is sometime referred to as the red-vented woodpecker. The Yucatán woodpecker is found in Belize, Honduras, and Mexico, and ranges over the entire Yucatán Peninsula.Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, and heavily degraded former forest.
View Wikipedia Record: Melanerpes pygmaeus


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.08105
EDGE Score: 1.80518


Male Weight [3]  41 grams
Breeding Habitat [1]  Tropical dry forests, Tropical evergreen forests
Wintering Geography [1]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [1]  Tropical dry forests, Tropical evergreen forests
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Nectarivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  30 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  60 %
Diet - Nectar [2]  10 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  20 %
Forages - Understory [2]  80 %


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Yucatán dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cuxtal Ecological Reserve 26687 Yucatan, Mexico  
Dzilam de Bravo Wetland Reserve 149170 Yucatan, Mexico    
El Parque Estatal Lagunas de Yalahau Wetland Reserve   Yucatan, Mexico  
Estatal Kabah   Yucatan, Mexico      
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva Especial de la Biosfera Ría Celestún Biosphere Reserve VI 202424 Mexico  
Reserva Estatal del Palmar Reserve 122954 Mexico    
Ria Lagartos Biosphere Reserve VI 149920 Mexico    
Sarstoon Temash National Park II 42082 Belize  
Shipstern Nature Reserve IV 20453 Belize

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Belize Coastal and near shore islands Belize A1, A2, A3, A4i
Crooked Tree and associated wetlands Belize A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Maya Mountains and southern reserves Belize A1, A2, A3
Northeastern Belize Belize A1, A2, A3
Rio Bravo CMA Gallon Jug Estate Belize A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama Yes

Prey / Diet

Ficus pertusa[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alouatta pigra (Mexican black howler monkey)1
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)1
Artibeus lituratus (great fruit-eating bat)1
Attila spadiceus (Bright-rumped Attila)1
Aulacorhynchus prasinus (Emerald Toucanet)1
Brotogeris jugularis (Orange-chinned Parakeet)1
Catharus aurantiirostris (Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush)1
Catharus mexicanus (Black-headed Nightingale-Thrush)1
Chiroxiphia linearis (Long-tailed Manakin)1
Chlorophanes spiza (Green Honeycreeper)1
Chlorophonia callophrys (Golden-browed Chlorophonia)1
Chlorophonia occipitalis (Blue-crowned Chlorophonia)1
Cotinga amabilis (Lovely Cotinga)1
Cyanerpes cyaneus (Red-legged Honeycreeper)1
Dacnis venusta (Scarlet-thighed Dacnis)1
Dermanura tolteca (Toltec fruit-eating bat)1
Dives dives (Melodious Blackbird)1
Dryocopus lineatus (Lineated Woodpecker)1
Elaenia flavogaster (Yellow-bellied Elaenia)1
Elaenia frantzii (Mountain Elaenia)1
Euphonia affinis (Scrub Euphonia)1
Euphonia hirundinacea (Yellow-throated Euphonia)1
Euphonia laniirostris (Thick-billed Euphonia)1
Euphonia luteicapilla (Yellow-crowned Euphonia)1
Euphonia minuta (White-vented Euphonia)1
Icterus galbula (Northern Oriole)1
Icterus gularis (Altamira Oriole)1
Lepidothrix coronata (Blue-crowned Manakin)1
Melanerpes hoffmannii (Hoffmann's Woodpecker)1
Mionectes oleagineus (Ochre-bellied Flycatcher)1
Momotus momota (Blue-crowned Motmot)1
Myiarchus tuberculifer (Dusky-capped Flycatcher)1
Myiodynastes luteiventris (Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher)1
Myiozetetes similis (Social Flycatcher)1
Pharomachrus mocinno (Resplendent Quetzal)1
Pheucticus ludovicianus (Rose-breasted Grosbeak)1
Procnias tricarunculatus (Three-wattled Bellbird)1
Psilorhinus morio (Brown Jay)1
Pteroglossus torquatus (Collared Aracari)1
Pyrrhura picta (Painted Parakeet)1
Querula purpurata (Purple-throated Fruitcrow)1
Ramphastos sulfuratus (Keel-billed Toucan)1
Saltator maximus (Buff-throated Saltator)1
Thraupis episcopus (Blue-grey Tanager)1
Tityra semifasciata (Masked Tityra)1
Trogon citreolus (Citreoline Trogon)1
Trogon collaris (Collared Trogon)1
Trogon melanurus (Black-tailed Trogon)1
Turdus assimilis (White-throated Thrush)1
Turdus grayi (Clay-colored Thrush)1
Turdus plebejus (Mountain Thrush)1
Tyrannus dominicensis (Grey Kingbird)1
Tyrannus savana (Fork-tailed Flycatcher)1
Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo)1

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Barlow, J. C., Dick, J. A., Baldwin, D. H. & Davis, R. A. (1969) New records of birds from British Honduras. Ibis 111: 399-402.
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access