Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Picidae > Picus > Picus viridis
 

Picus viridis (European Green Woodpecker)

Wikipedia Abstract

The European green woodpecker (Picus viridis) is a member of the woodpecker family Picidae. There are four subspecies and it occurs in most parts of Europe and in western Asia. All have green upperparts, paler yellowish underparts, a red crown and moustachial stripe which has a red centre in males but is all black in females.The European green woodpecker spends much of its time feeding on ants on the ground and does not often 'drum' on trees like other woodpecker species.
View Wikipedia Record: Picus viridis

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
17
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.82212
EDGE Score: 1.57321

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  176 grams
Birth Weight [2]  8.9 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  90 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Clutch Size [5]  6
Clutches / Year [4]  1
Incubation [4]  19 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  15 years
Wing Span [4]  16 inches (.41 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hokkaido montane conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Honshu alpine conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow Mongolia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains conifer forests Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sakhalin Island taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Appennino Lucano, Valle Agri, Monte Sirino, Monte Raparo 90310 Italy  
Bakarlaka 82794 Bulgaria  
Batova 94228 Bulgaria  
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Beskid Niski 375518 Poland  
Borsodi-sík 91542 Hungary  
Brenta 73487 Italy  
Bükk-hegység és peremterületei 164079 Hungary  
COTIELLA - SIERRA FERRERA 62948 Spain  
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
DESFILADEROS DEL RÍO MARTÍN 110851 Spain  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Derventski Heights 86150 Bulgaria  
Dolina Dolnego Bugu 183624 Poland  
Dolomiti Feltrine e Bellunesi 77549 Italy  
EL TURBÓN Y SIERRA DE SÍS 60101 Spain  
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
Emine 164580 Bulgaria  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
HURDES 66675 Spain  
Harsovska Reka 87546 Bulgaria  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Kamchiyska Mountain 219637 Bulgaria  
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kotlenska Mountain 245286 Bulgaria  
Krivoklatsko Protected Landscape Area V 155267 Czech Republic  
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
Kura kurgu 476839 Estonia  
LOS VALLES 79029 Spain  
Lahemaa 183898 Estonia  
Les Alpilles 66733 France  
Les Cévennes 227446 France  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Ludogorie 225827 Bulgaria  
MATARRAÑA - AIGUABARREIX 90747 Spain  
MONFRAGÜE Y LAS DEHESAS DEL ENTORNO 287016 Spain  
MONTES DE ZUERA, CASTEJÓN DE VALDEJASA Y EL CASTELLAR 63037 Spain  
MONTES UNIVERSALES - SIERRA DEL TREMEDAL 79316 Spain  
Massifs forestiers et vallées du châtillonnais 145666 France  
Mont Ventoux Biosphere Reserve 198594 France  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Osogovo 59614 Bulgaria  
POSETS - MALADETA 82205 Spain  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio National Park V 333737 Italy
Parco Regionale Orobie Bergamasche 121015 Italy  
Pflaelzerwald Nature Park V 438818 Germany
Pirin 99722 Bulgaria  
Plateau de Valensole 110723 France  
Pojezierze Slawskie 96729 Poland  
Ponor 77541 Bulgaria  
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau 207644 Bulgaria  
Puszcza Goleniowska 61873 Poland  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Puszcza Notecka 440480 Poland  
Puszcza Sandomierska 319052 Poland  
Puszcza Solska 196076 Poland  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Nevada Biosphere Reserve 424147 Spain  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Rila 200269 Bulgaria  
Risaie della Lomellina 76457 Italy  
RÍO GUADALOPE - MAESTRAZGO 133800 Spain  
RÍO HUERVA Y LAS PLANAS 74804 Spain  
SIERRA DE ALCUBIERRE 103846 Spain  
SIERRA DE GRAZALEMA 131980 Spain  
SIERRA NEVADA 424554 Spain  
SIERRA SUBBETICA 79212 Spain  
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS 519222 Spain  
SIERRAS DE SANTO DOMINGO Y CABALLERA Y RÍO ONSELLA 88167 Spain  
SIERRAS DE TEJEDA, ALMIJARA Y ALHAMA 100440 Spain  
Sakar 310629 Bulgaria  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
Soomaa 98925 Estonia  
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Sredna Gora 244788 Bulgaria  
Strandzha 285202 Bulgaria  
Studenetz 69315 Bulgaria  
Suha Reka 63678 Bulgaria  
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
Syunt-Khasardagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 105306 Turkmenistan  
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 210198 Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Trigrad-Mursalitsa 136717 Bulgaria  
Tzentralen Balkan 177099 Bulgaria  
VALCUERNA, SERRETA NEGRA Y LIBEROLA 87154 Spain  
VIÑAMALA 62053 Spain  
Vasilyovska Mountain 112364 Bulgaria  
Vitosha 67608 Bulgaria  
Vrachanski Balkan 76306 Bulgaria  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Western Balkan 362801 Bulgaria  
Western Strandzha 132984 Bulgaria  
Zapadni Rodopi 178482 Bulgaria  
Zempléni-hegység a Szerencsi-dombsággal és a Hernád-völggyel 284651 Hungary  
Zlatiata 107477 Bulgaria  

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Antikhassia mountains and Meteora Greece B2, B3, C2, C6
Apennines from Passo del Cerreto to Monte Caligi Italy B2, B3, C6
Batova Bulgaria A1, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C3, C5, C6
Beskydy mountains Czech Republic A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Central part of Zagori and Mount Mitsikeli Greece B2, B3, C6
Central Rodopi mountains and Nestos valley Greece B2, B3, C6
Dadias-Dereiou-Aisimis forest Greece A1, A3, B2, C1, C6
Dorset Heaths and Forests United Kingdom B2, C6
Farma valley Italy B2
Foreste Casentinesi Italy B2, B3, C6
Fruska Gora Serbia A1, B2
Gran Sasso and Laga mountains Italy A3, B2, C1, C6
Heinzenberg mountain and surrounding valleys Switzerland A3, B2, B3
Jura mountains of Baselland: Solothurn Switzerland B2, B3
Kamchiyska Mountain Bulgaria A1, A4iv, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C5, C6
Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region) Czech Republic B2, B3, C6
Lowlands of Zurich and lower valley of the river Thur Switzerland B2, B3
Ludogorie Bulgaria B2, B3, C6
Mount Iti Greece B2, B3, C6
Mountains of Barcelona Spain B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Niederösterreichische Randalpen Austria B2, B3, C6
Obedska bara Serbia B1i, B2, B3
Pcinja Serbia B2, B3
Ponor Bulgaria A1, B2, C1, C6
Pre-alpine region of Schwyz Switzerland A3, B2, B3
Simplon region Switzerland A3, B2, B3
South-east Styrian hill country Austria B2, C6
Sredna Gora Bulgaria A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Tara mountain Serbia B2
Trebonsko (Trebon region) Czech Republic A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Unterlammer hill country Austria B2
Upper Toggenburg and Säntis Switzerland A3, B2, B3
Uvac-Milesevka Serbia A1, B2
Vienna forest Austria B2, B3, C6
Vrsacki breg Serbia B2, B3
Zoological Gardens of Lainz Austria B2, B3, C6

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Japan Japan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Prey / Diet

Lasius niger (Black garden ant)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anguis fragilis (Slow Worm)1
Apodemus flavicollis (Yellow-necked mouse)1
Apodemus sylvaticus (Old World wood and field mouse)1
Carduelis carduelis (European Goldfinch)1
Chloris chloris (European Greenfinch)1
Dendrocopos medius (Middle Spotted Woodpecker)1
Dryocopus martius (Black Woodpecker)1
Garrulus glandarius (Eurasian Jay)1
Lanius collurio (Red-backed Shrike)1
Mustela putorius (European Polecat)1
Myodes glareolus (Bank vole)1
Notiophilus biguttatus1
Oenanthe oenanthe (Northern Wheatear)1
Picus canus (Grey-headed Woodpecker)1
Saxicola rubetra (Whinchat)1
Sorex araneus (Eurasian shrew)1
Spinus spinus (Eurasian Siskin)1
Talpa europaea (European Mole)1
Troglodytes troglodytes (Winter Wren)1
Vanellus vanellus (Northern Lapwing)1
Zootoca vivipara louislantzi (Viviparous Lizard)1

Predators

Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)[7]

Providers

Shelter 
Columba oenas (Stock Dove)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Baruscapillaria picorum <Unverified Name>[8]
Ceratophyllus fringillae[9]
Ceratophyllus gallinae (European chicken flea)[9]
Ceratophyllus sciurorum sciurorum <Unverified Name>[9]
Choanotaenia crateriformis <Unverified Name>[8]
Dasypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae[9]
Kornyushetta frontina <Unverified Name>[8]
Leucochloridium macrostoma <Unverified Name>[8]
Nosopsyllus consimilis[9]
Ornithocapillaria picorum <Unverified Name>[8]
Plagiorchis triangularis <Unverified Name>[8]
Plagiorhynchus cylindraceus[8]
Platynosomum fallax <Unverified Name>[8]
Raillietina frontina <Unverified Name>[8]
Raillietina moldavica <Unverified Name>[8]
Syngamus trachea (gapeworm)[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4British Trust for Ornithology
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Ecology of Commanster
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
9International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access