Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Ramphastidae > Megalaima > Megalaima zeylanica
 

Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)

Wikipedia Abstract

The brown-headed barbet or large green barbet (Megalaima zeylanica) is an Asian barbet. Barbets and toucans are a group of near passerine birds with a worldwide tropical distribution. The barbets get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills.The brown-headed barbet is a resident breeder in the Indian subcontinent, widespread in India and also seen in Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. It is an arboreal species of gardens and wooded country which eats fruit and insects.
View Wikipedia Record: Megalaima zeylanica

Infraspecies

Megalaima zeylanica caniceps (Oriental green barbet)
Megalaima zeylanica inornata (Oriental green barbet)
Megalaima zeylanica zeylanica (Oriental green barbet)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
6
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
23
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.62222
EDGE Score: 1.89043

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  119 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Nectarivore, Herbivore
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Fruit [2]  50 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Diet - Nectar [2]  10 %
Diet - Plants [2]  10 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  40 %
Forages - Understory [2]  40 %
Forages - Ground [2]  20 %
Clutch Size [3]  3

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka lowland rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka montane rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bandhavgarh National Park II 89210 Madhya Pradesh, India  
Cibodas Biosphere Reserve (Gunung Gede-Pangrango) 142165 Java, Indonesia      
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Gamgul Siahbehi Sanctuary IV 22296 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Indravati Tiger Reserve   Chhattishgarh, India      
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Keoladeo (Bharatpur) National Park II 7668 Rajasthan, India  
Kugti Sanctuary IV 126362 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Pong Lake Sanctuary IV 61391 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Sanjay Gandhi National Park II 439343 Maharashtra, India
Simlipal Tiger Reserve National Park II 103465 Orissa, India  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Tundah Sanctuary IV 26333 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Wilpattu National Park II 320298 Sri Lanka  
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Ficus benghalensis (Indian banyan)[4]
Ficus minahassae (clustertree)[4]
Ficus religiosa (peepul tree)[4]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[4]
Ficus virens[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres cristatellus (Crested Myna)2
Acridotheres ginginianus (Bank Myna)2
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)3
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)2
Anthracoceros coronatus (Malabar Pied Hornbill)3
Axis axis (chital)4
Boselaphus tragocamelus (nilgai)3
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)2
Callosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)2
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)2
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)2
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)2
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)2
Copsychus saularis (Oriental Magpie-Robin)2
Coracina novaehollandiae (Black-faced Cuckooshrike)2
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)3
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)4
Dendrocitta vagabunda (Rufous Treepie)2
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)2
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)3
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)4
Garrulax perspicillatus (Masked Laughingthrush)2
Gracupica nigricollis (Black-collared Starling)2
Hemixos flavala (Ashy Bulbul)2
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)2
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)2
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)3
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)2
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)2
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)2
Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey)3
Macaca radiata (bonnet macaque)2
Macaca silenus (liontail macaque)2
Macroglossus minimus (lesser long-tongued fruit bat)2
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)2
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)2
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)4
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)2
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)2
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)2
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)4
Melursus ursinus (Sloth Bear)4
Monticola solitarius (Blue Rock Thrush)2
Ocyceros birostris (Indian Grey Hornbill)2
Ocyceros griseus (Malabar Grey Hornbill)2
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)3
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)3
Parus major (Great Tit)2
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)2
Pastor roseus (Rosy Starling)2
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)2
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)2
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)4
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus aurigaster (Sooty-headed Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus luteolus (White-browed Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus sinensis (Light-vented Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus squamatus (Scaly-breasted Bulbul)2
Pygathrix nemaeus (Douc langur)2
Rhinoceros unicornis (Indian rhinoceros)2
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)2
Rousettus leschenaultii (Leschenault's rousette)2
Semnopithecus entellus (Hanuman langur)3
Spodiopsar sericeus (Red-billed Starling)2
Streptopelia chinensis (Spotted Dove)2
Sus scrofa (wild boar)2
Trachypithecus francoisi (François's leaf monkey)2
Trachypithecus pileatus (capped leaf monkey)2
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)2
Treron phoenicopterus (Yellow-footed Green Pigeon)2
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)2
Turdoides striata (Bengal jungle babbler)3
Turdus hortulorum (Grey-backed Thrush)2
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)2
Turdus pallidus (Pale Thrush)2
Zosterops japonicus (Japanese White-eye)2

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Short, LL, and JFM Horne. 2001. Toucans, barbets, and honeyguides. Oxford University Press, Oxford
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access