Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Ramphastidae > Megalaima > Megalaima viridis

Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)

Wikipedia Abstract

The white-cheeked barbet or small green barbet (Psilopogon viridis) is a species of barbet found in southern India. It is very similar to the more widespread brown-headed barbet (or large green barbet) (Psilopogon zeylanica) but this species has a distinctive supercilium and a broad white cheek stripe below the eye and is endemic to the forest areas of the Western Ghats and adjoining hills. The brown-headed barbet has an orange eye-ring but the calls are very similar and the two species occur together in some of the drier forests to the east of the Western Ghats. Like all other Asian barbets they are mainly frugivorous although they may sometimes eat insects and they use their bills to excavate nest cavities in trees.
View Wikipedia Record: Megalaima viridis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.92269
EDGE Score: 1.93481


Adult Weight [1]  81 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Nectarivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  50 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  30 %
Diet - Nectar [2]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  40 %
Forages - Understory [2]  40 %
Forages - Ground [2]  20 %
Clutch Size [4]  3
Incubation [3]  14 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Eravikulam National Park II 39436 Kerala, India
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Actinodaphne hookeri[3]
Bischofia javanica (Javanese bishopwood)[3]
Clitoria ternatea (Asian Pigeon Wings)[3]
Cullenia exarillata[3]
Ficus amplissima[5]
Ficus drupacea (brown-woolly fig)[5]
Ficus geniculata var. insignis[3]
Ficus minahassae (clustertree)[5]
Ficus religiosa (peepul tree)[5]
Ficus retusa (Cuban-laurel)[3]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[5]
Ficus virens[5]
Grewia tiliifolia[3]
Lantana camara (lantana)[3]
Leea indica[3]
Machilus macranthus[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres fuscus (Jungle Myna)2
Acridotheres ginginianus (Bank Myna)1
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)4
Acritillas indica (Yellow-browed Bulbul)4
Alcippe poioicephala (Brown-cheeked Fulvetta)1
Amaurornis phoenicurus (White-breasted Waterhen)1
Axis axis (chital)3
Bandicota indica (greater bandicoot rat)1
Bos frontalis gaurus (gaur)1
Boselaphus tragocamelus (nilgai)2
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)3
Chalcophaps indica (Common Emerald Dove)1
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)3
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)3
Columba elphinstonii (Nilgiri Wood Pigeon)1
Columba livia (Rock Pigeon)1
Copsychus saularis (Oriental Magpie-Robin)2
Coracina novaehollandiae (Black-faced Cuckooshrike)2
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)4
Corvus splendens (House Crow)1
Cynopterus brachyotis (lesser short-nosed fruit bat)2
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)3
Dendrocitta leucogastra (White-bellied Treepie)2
Dendrocitta vagabunda (Rufous Treepie)3
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)3
Dicaeum concolor (Nilgiri Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum erythrorhynchos (Pale-billed Flowerpecker)1
Dicrurus adsimilis (Fork-tailed Drongo)1
Dicrurus hottentottus (Hair-crested Drongo)1
Dicrurus paradiseus (Greater Racket-tailed Drongo)1
Dinopium benghalense (Lesser Goldenback)3
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)1
Elephas maximus (Asiatic Elephant)1
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)6
Francolinus pondicerianus (Grey Francolin)1
Funambulus layardi (Layard's palm squirrel)1
Galloperdix bicalcarata (Sri Lanka Spurfowl)1
Galloperdix spadicea (Red Spurfowl)1
Garrulax cinereifrons (Ashy-headed Laughingthrush)1
Geokichla citrina (Orange-headed Thrush)2
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)3
Hypsipetes leucocephalus (Black Bulbul)1
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)5
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)3
Loris tardigradus (slender Loris)1
Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey)2
Macaca radiata (bonnet macaque)1
Macaca silenus (liontail macaque)2
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)5
Megalaima rubricapillus (Crimson-fronted Barbet)2
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)4
Melursus ursinus (Sloth Bear)3
Monticola solitarius (Blue Rock Thrush)1
Moschiola meminna (Indian spotted chevrotain)1
Muntiacus muntjak (Indian muntjac)1
Ocyceros birostris (Indian Grey Hornbill)1
Ocyceros gingalensis (Sri Lankan Grey Hornbill)1
Ocyceros griseus (Malabar Grey Hornbill)3
Oriolus chinensis (Black-naped Oriole)1
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)4
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)2
Paradoxurus hermaphroditus (Asian Palm Civet)1
Paradoxurus zeylonensis (Golden Palm Civet)1
Parus major (Great Tit)2
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Pastor roseus (Rosy Starling)1
Pavo cristatus (Indian Peafowl)2
Pericrocotus flammeus (Scarlet Minivet)1
Petaurista philippensis (Indian giant flying squirrel)1
Petinomys fuscocapillus (Travancore flying squirrel)1
Platacanthomys lasiurus (Malabar spiny dormouse)1
Psittacula columboides (Blue-winged Parakeet)3
Psittacula cyanocephala (Plum-headed Parakeet)3
Psittacula eupatria (Alexandrine Parakeet)1
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)2
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)4
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)5
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus luteolus (White-browed Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)4
Ratufa indica (Indian giant squirrel)1
Semnopithecus entellus (Hanuman langur)3
Semnopithecus johnii (hooded leaf monkey)2
Semnopithecus vetulus (purple-faced leaf monkey)2
Streptopelia chinensis (Spotted Dove)3
Streptopelia orientalis (Oriental Turtle-Dove)1
Sturnia malabarica (Chestnut-tailed Starling)1
Sturnia pagodarum (Brahminy Starling)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)2
Tephrodornis pondicerianus (Common Woodshrike)1
Treron phoenicopterus (Yellow-footed Green Pigeon)1
Treron pompadora (Pompadour Green Pigeon)3
Turdoides rufescens (Orange-billed Babbler)1
Turdoides striata (Bengal jungle babbler)2
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)3
Zosterops palpebrosus (Oriental White-eye)1


Accipiter badius (Shikra)[3]
Ninox scutulata (Brown Hawk-Owl)[3]




Attributes / relations provided by
1ALI, S. & S.D. RIPLEY (1983): Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan. Oxford University Press, New Delhi.
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access