Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Ramphastidae > Megalaima > Megalaima australis
 

Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Blue-eared Barbet (Megalaima australis) is an Asian barbet. Barbets are a group of near passerine birds with a world-wide tropical distribution. They get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills.
View Wikipedia Record: Megalaima australis

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
6
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
23
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.66343
EDGE Score: 1.89663

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  33 grams
Clutch Size [2]  3

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo montane rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Java-Bali montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kinabalu montane alpine meadows Malaysia Indo-Malayan Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle subtropical forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle temperate forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran lowland rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran tropical pine forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Batang Ai National Park II 62638 Sarawak, Malaysia
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Budo-Sungai Padi National Park II 84766 Thailand  
Bukit Tigah Puluh National Park 360578 Sumatra, Indonesia
Bung Kroeng Kavia Non-hunting Area   Thailand      
Buxa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary IV 23685 West Bengal, India  
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Chae Son National Park II 194441 Thailand
Chaloem Rattanakosin National Park II 14328 Thailand  
Cibodas Biosphere Reserve (Gunung Gede-Pangrango) 142165 Java, Indonesia      
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Doi Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary   Thailand      
Doi Inthanon National Park II 115326 Thailand  
Doi Khun Tan National Park II 61680 Thailand  
Doi Luang National Park II 325736 Thailand  
Doi Pha Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 144177 Thailand  
Doi Pha Hom Pok Watershed Area National Park II 133848 Thailand  
Doi Suthep-pui National Park II 70007 Thailand  
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Kaeng Krachan National Park II 753452 Thailand
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Ang Ru Nai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 248699 Thailand  
Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary IV 309428 Thailand  
Khao Khieo-Khao Chomphu Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36570 Thailand  
Khao Khitchakut National Park II 14722 Thailand
Khao Lam Pi - Hat Thai Muang National Marine Park II 17646 Thailand
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Nam Phrai Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khao Phanom Bencha National Park II 12840 Thailand
Khao Phra Thaeo Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary IV 182353 Thailand  
Khao Sok National Park II 159284 Thailand
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Khaoen Si Nakarin National Park II 459154 Thailand
Khlong Lan National Park II 104466 Thailand
Khlong Nakha Wildlife Sanctuary IV 117887 Thailand  
Khlong Phraya Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36624 Thailand  
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kutai National Park II 560076 East Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Mae Sa-Kog Ma Reserve   Thailand      
Mae Wong National Park II 221459 Thailand
Mae Yom National Park II 123569 Thailand
Mae Yuam Wildlife Sanctuary   Thailand      
Mu Ko Chang National Park Marine National Park II 168511 Thailand
Nam Ha National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 539941 Laos  
Nam Nao National Park II 240993 Thailand
Namtok Phlew National Park II 29909 Thailand  
Namtok Yong National Park II 52286 Thailand
Pang Sida National Park II 211956 Thailand
Pasoh Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Phu Chong - Na Yoi National Park II 171322 Thailand
Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park II 75377 Thailand
Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary IV 391278 Thailand  
Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 227671 Thailand  
Phu Wua Wildlife Sanctuary IV 46934 Thailand  
Prince Chumphon Park (North) Wildlife Sanctuary IV 152683 Thailand  
Sai Yok National Park II 235556 Thailand
Sakaerat Environmental Research Station Biosphere Reserve 19294 Thailand  
Si Phang Nga National Park II 60672 Thailand
Sri Satchanalai National Park II 54041 Thailand
Sungai Lalang Forest Reserve Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Tanjung Puting National Park II 987160 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Tasek Bera Forest Reserve   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Thale Noi Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area III   Thailand  
Thaleban National Park Marine National Park II 49715 Thailand
Than Boke Khoranee National Park Marine National Park II 24553 Thailand
Thap Lan National Park II 550979 Thailand
Thung Salaeng Luang National Park II 315222 Thailand
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Ton Nga Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 45094 Thailand  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Ulu Temburong National Park II 123279 Brunei Darussalam  
Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 619152 Thailand  
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia
Wiang Kosai National Park II 108737 Thailand
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No

Prey / Diet

Ficus altissima (false banyan)[3]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[3]
Ficus binnendykii[3]
Ficus bracteata[3]
Ficus callophylla[3]
Ficus caulocarpa[3]
Ficus consociata[3]
Ficus crassiramea[3]
Ficus crassiramea subsp. crassiramea[3]
Ficus crassiramea subsp. stupenda[3]
Ficus cucurbitina[3]
Ficus delosyce[3]
Ficus drupacea (brown-woolly fig)[3]
Ficus dubia[3]
Ficus geniculata[3]
Ficus glaberrima[3]
Ficus globosa[3]
Ficus grewiifolia[3]
Ficus kerkhoveni[3]
Ficus kurzii[3]
Ficus parietalis[3]
Ficus pellucido-punctata[3]
Ficus pisocarpa[3]
Ficus subcordata[3]
Ficus subgelderi[3]
Ficus sumatrana[3]
Ficus sundaica[3]
Ficus superba (Sea Fig)[3]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[3]
Ficus trichocarpa[3]
Ficus virens[3]
Ficus xylophylla[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)15
Alcippe brunneicauda (Brown Fulvetta)7
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)12
Alophoixus finschii (Finsch's Bulbul)6
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)8
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)13
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)18
Anorrhinus tickelli (Brown Hornbill)7
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)9
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)24
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)8
Berenicornis comatus (White-crowned Hornbill)4
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)8
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)20
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)5
Callosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel)5
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)7
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)14
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)23
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)26
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)24
Chalcophaps indica (Common Emerald Dove)4
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)4
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)18
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)19
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)24
Corvus enca (Slender-billed Crow)4
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)6
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)13
Dicaeum concolor (Plain Flowerpecker)7
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)9
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)9
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)4
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)7
Garrulax leucolophus (White-crested Laughingthrush)4
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)21
Hemixos flavala (Ashy Bulbul)4
Hylobates agilis (agile gibbon)4
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)19
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)5
Hylobates syndactylus (siamang)11
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)16
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)9
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)30
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)8
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)10
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)7
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)19
Macaca nemestrina (pigtail macaque)9
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)24
Megalaima faiostricta (Green-eared Barbet)8
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)5
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)19
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)6
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)26
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)14
Oriolus xanthonotus (Dark-throated Oriole)7
Platysmurus leucopterus (Black Magpie)6
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)19
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)10
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)17
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)10
Prionochilus xanthopygius (Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker)7
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)4
Ptilinopus jambu (Jambu Fruit Dove)6
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)11
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)21
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)13
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)13
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)19
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)5
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)11
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)6
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)10
Pycnonotus squamatus (Scaly-breasted Bulbul)4
Ratufa affinis (pale giant squirrel)7
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)18
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)15
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)13
Sundasciurus tenuis (slender squirrel)4
Trachypithecus obscurus (dusky leaf monkey)6
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)17
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)28
Treron olax (Little Green Pigeon)8
Tricholestes criniger (Hairy-backed Bulbul)7
Tupaia glis (Common Treeshrew)6
Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew)8

Distribution

Audio

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Provided by Xeno-canto under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 2.5 License Author: Frank Lambert

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2005-12-27, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Short, LL, and JFM Horne. 2001. Toucans, barbets, and honeyguides. Oxford University Press, Oxford 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2