Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Ramphastidae > Megalaima > Megalaima haemacephala
 

Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)

Wikipedia Abstract

The coppersmith barbet, crimson-breasted barbet or coppersmith (Megalaima haemacephala), is a bird with crimson forehead and throat which is best known for its metronomic call that has been likened to a coppersmith striking metal with a hammer. It is a resident found in the Indian subcontinent and parts of Southeast Asia. Like other barbets, they chisel out a hole inside a tree to build their nest. They are mainly fruit eating but will take sometimes insects, especially winged termites.
View Wikipedia Record: Megalaima haemacephala

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
13
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
32
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.2275
EDGE Score: 2.41837

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  40 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  60 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  40 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  33 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  33 %
Forages - Understory [2]  33 %
Clutch Size [3]  3

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Goadavari-Krishna mangroves India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Greater Negros-Panay rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon montane rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon tropical pine forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindanao montane rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindanao-Eastern Visayas rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindoro rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast India-Myanmar pine forests India, Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle subtropical forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle temperate forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka lowland rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka montane rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans mangroves Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Thar desert India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ailaoshan Nature Reserve V 332544 Yunnan, China  
Ang Kep Nam Bang Phra Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand  
Ao Phang Nga National Park Marine National Park II 103730 Thailand
Bach Ma National Park II 54733 Viet Nam
Bandhavgarh National Park II 89210 Madhya Pradesh, India  
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Bukit Timah Nature Reserve II 411 Singapore
Bung Boraphet Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area III   Thailand  
Bung Kroeng Kavia Non-hunting Area   Thailand      
Buxa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary IV 23685 West Bengal, India  
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Chae Son National Park II 194441 Thailand
Chaloem Rattanakosin National Park II 14328 Thailand  
Cibodas Biosphere Reserve (Gunung Gede-Pangrango) 142165 Java, Indonesia      
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Doi Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary   Thailand      
Doi Inthanon National Park II 115326 Thailand  
Doi Khun Tan National Park II 61680 Thailand  
Doi Pha Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 144177 Thailand  
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Indravati Tiger Reserve   Chhattishgarh, India      
Kaeng Krachan National Park II 753452 Thailand
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Keoladeo (Bharatpur) National Park II 7668 Rajasthan, India  
Khao Ang Ru Nai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 248699 Thailand  
Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary IV 309428 Thailand  
Khao Chi On Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khao Khieo-Khao Chomphu Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36570 Thailand  
Khao Laem Ya - Mu Ko Samet National Park Marine National Park II 31421 Thailand
Khao Lam Pi - Hat Thai Muang National Marine Park II 17646 Thailand
Khao Phanom Bencha National Park II 12840 Thailand
Khao Phra Thaeo Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Prathap Chang Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park II 39512 Thailand
Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary IV 182353 Thailand  
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Khaoen Si Nakarin National Park II 459154 Thailand
Khlong Lam Chan Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khlong Lan National Park II 104466 Thailand
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  
Lal Suhanra National Park V 17972 Pakistan  
Lum Nam Pai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 298416 Thailand  
Mae Ping National Park II 259897 Thailand
Mae Sa-Kog Ma Reserve   Thailand      
Mae Tuen Wildlife Sanctuary IV 307947 Thailand  
Mae Wong National Park II 221459 Thailand
Mae Yom National Park II 123569 Thailand
Mae Yuam Wildlife Sanctuary   Thailand      
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Mu Ko Lanta National Park Marine National Park II 33637 Thailand
Nam Nao National Park II 240993 Thailand
Namtok Mae Surin National Park II 104414 Thailand
Nong Plak Phraya - Khao Raya Bang Sa Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Om Koi Wildlife Sanctuary IV 299357 Thailand  
Palamau Tiger Reserve National Park II 329056 Bihar, India
Pang Sida National Park II 211956 Thailand
Phra Budda Chaya National Park II 11157 Thailand  
Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park II 75377 Thailand
Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary IV 391278 Thailand  
Phu Kradung National Park II 63197 Thailand
Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 227671 Thailand  
Phu Wua Wildlife Sanctuary IV 46934 Thailand  
Pong Lake Sanctuary IV 61391 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Ramkhamhaeng National Park II 71016 Thailand
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Sai Thong National Park II 82313 Thailand
Sai Yok National Park II 235556 Thailand
Sakaerat Environmental Research Station Biosphere Reserve 19294 Thailand  
Salak Phra Wildlife Sanctuary IV 241622 Thailand  
Salawin National Park II 400497 Thailand
Simlipal Tiger Reserve National Park II 103465 Orissa, India  
Sri Satchanalai National Park II 54041 Thailand
Sub-lungka Wildlife Sanctuary IV 35543 Thailand  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Tasek Bera Forest Reserve   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Thale Noi Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area III   Thailand  
Thale Sap Nong Bong Khai Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Thaleban National Park Marine National Park II 49715 Thailand
Thap Lan National Park II 550979 Thailand
Thung Salaeng Luang National Park II 315222 Thailand
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 619152 Thailand  
Wat Phai Lom - Wat Amphuwararam Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia
Wilpattu National Park II 320298 Sri Lanka  
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Philippines Philippines No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Bischofia javanica (Javanese bishopwood)[4]
Ficus arnottiana[5]
Ficus benghalensis (Indian banyan)[5]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[5]
Ficus drupacea (brown-woolly fig)[5]
Ficus grewiifolia[4]
Ficus religiosa (peepul tree)[5]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[5]
Ficus tsjahela[5]
Ficus virens[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)4
Acritillas indica (Yellow-browed Bulbul)3
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)3
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)3
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)3
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)3
Axis axis (chital)4
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)5
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)3
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)4
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)5
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)3
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)5
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)3
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)5
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)4
Cynopterus brachyotis (lesser short-nosed fruit bat)4
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)5
Dendrocitta vagabunda (Rufous Treepie)3
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)3
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)4
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)5
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)6
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)3
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)4
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)3
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)3
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)6
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)3
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)3
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)3
Macaca radiata (bonnet macaque)3
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)5
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)4
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)4
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)3
Megalaima rubricapillus (Crimson-fronted Barbet)3
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)4
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)4
Melursus ursinus (Sloth Bear)3
Ocyceros griseus (Malabar Grey Hornbill)3
Oriolus chinensis (Black-naped Oriole)3
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)4
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)4
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)6
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)3
Psittacula columboides (Blue-winged Parakeet)3
Psittacula cyanocephala (Plum-headed Parakeet)3
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)3
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)3
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)5
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus aurigaster (Sooty-headed Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)6
Pycnonotus luteolus (White-browed Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)3
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)3
Semnopithecus entellus (Hanuman langur)3
Streptopelia chinensis (Spotted Dove)3
Sus scrofa (wild boar)3
Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang)3
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)3
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)4
Treron phoenicopterus (Yellow-footed Green Pigeon)3
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)3
Turdoides striata (Bengal jungle babbler)3
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)3

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Zoo Duisburg AG

Distribution

Audio

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Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1OBSERVATIONS OF FRUGIVOROUS BIRDS AT FRUIT-BEARING PLANTS IN THE NORTH NEGROS FOREST RESERVE, PHILIPPINES, Martin Heindl & Eberhard Curio, ECOTROPICA 5: 167-181, 1999
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4Interactions among Frugivores and Fleshy Fruit Trees in a Philippine Submontane Rainforest, Andreas Hamann and Eberhard Curio, Conservation Biology Volume 13, No. 4, August 1999, Pages 766–773
5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2