Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Ramphastidae > Pogoniulus > Pogoniulus pusillus

Pogoniulus pusillus (Red-fronted Tinkerbird)

Wikipedia Abstract

The red-fronted tinkerbird, Pogoniulus pusillus formerly known as the red-fronted tinker barbet is a small African barbet. Barbets are near passerine birds with bristles around the base of the bill. They have a world-wide tropical distribution. The red-fronted tinkerbird is a widespread and frequently common resident breeder in eastern South Africa, with a separate population from southern Sudan and Ethiopia south to central and eastern Tanzania. It is sometimes considered conspecific with its northern counterpart, the yellow-fronted tinkerbird, Pogoniulus chrysoconus.
View Wikipedia Record: Pogoniulus pusillus


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.38478
EDGE Score: 1.99942


Adult Weight [1]  10 grams
Birth Weight [2]  2.1 grams
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  60 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  40 %
Forages - Canopy [3]  30 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  50 %
Forages - Understory [3]  20 %
Clutch Size [5]  3
Incubation [4]  12 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Addo Elephant National Park II 348463 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Bluff Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 114 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Bontebok National Park II 8315 Western Cape, South Africa
Burko Catchment Forest Reserve 1342 Tanzania  
Hlane Royal National Park VI 30892 Swaziland  
Itala Game Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve II 72822 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Kenneth Stainbank Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 554 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Kitumbeine Local Authority Forest Reserve   Tanzania      
Kiunga Marine National Reserve VI 60208 Kenya  
Krantzkloof Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 1452 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Lake Manyara National Park II 78767 Tanzania  
Lake Nakuru National Park II 46472 Kenya  
Malindi-Watamu Biosphere Reserve 48433 Kenya  
Mariannwood Nature Reserve   South Africa      
Mlawula Nature Reserve IV 46444 Swaziland  
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Mountain Zebra National Park II 60944 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Nairobi National Park II 16444 Kenya
Nechisar National Park II 256137 Ethiopia  
New Germany Nature Reserve 272 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
North Park Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 104 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Palmiet Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Pigeon Valley Nature Reserve 25 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa      
Roosfontein Nature Reserve 519 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Shongweni Resources Reserve 42008 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Silverglen Nature Reserve 566 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  
Umbogavango Nature Reserve 89 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Umgeni River Provincial Nature Reserve 2372 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Umhlanga Lagoon Provincial Nature Reserve 95 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Virginia Bush Nature Reserve 94 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Weenen Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No

Prey / Diet

Commiphora harveyi[6]
Ficus burtt-davyi (Veld Fig)[7]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)1
Andropadus importunus (Sombre Greenbul)3
Arizelocichla milanjensis (Stripe-cheeked Greenbul)1
Bycanistes brevis (Silvery-cheeked Hornbill)1
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)1
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)2
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster (Violet-backed Starling)1
Cinnyris afer (Greater double-collared sunbird)1
Cinnyris chalybeus (Southern double-collared sunbird)1
Colius striatus (Speckled Mousebird)1
Columba larvata (Lemon Dove)1
Columba livia (Rock Pigeon)1
Coracina caesia (Grey Cuckooshrike)1
Corythaeola cristata (Great Blue Turaco)1
Cossypha caffra (Cape Robin-Chat)1
Crithagra mozambica (Yellow-fronted Canary)1
Dicrurus adsimilis (Fork-tailed Drongo)2
Eidolon helvum (straw-colored fruit bat)1
Hedydipna collaris (Collared sunbird)1
Lamprotornis nitens (Cape Starling)1
Lanius collaris (Common Fiscal)1
Lybius torquatus (Black-collared Barbet)3
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)1
Monticola rupestris (Cape Rock Thrush)1
Notopholia corrusca (Black-bellied Starling)2
Onychognathus morio (Red-winged Starling)2
Onychognathus walleri (Waller's Starling)1
Oriolus larvatus (Black-headed Oriole)3
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)1
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)1
Parus niger (Southern Black Tit)2
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Phoeniculus purpureus (Green Wood Hoopoe)1
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)1
Ploceus bicolor (Dark-backed Weaver)2
Pogoniulus bilineatus (Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird)1
Prinia maculosa (Karoo Prinia)1
Procavia capensis (Rock Hyrax)1
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)1
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)3
Rhabdomys pumilio (Four-striped grass mouse)1
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)1
Rousettus amplexicaudatus (Geoffroy's rousette)1
Tauraco corythaix (Knysna Turaco)2
Tauraco livingstonii (Livingstone's Turaco)1
Tauraco schalowi (Schalow's Turaco)1
Telophorus zeylonus (Bokmakierie)1
Tockus alboterminatus (Crowned Hornbill)1
Tockus erythrorhynchus (Red-billed Hornbill)1
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)1
Turdus olivaceus (Olive Thrush)2
Zosterops pallidus (Orange River White-eye)3
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)1


Tsavo National Park;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Short, LL, and JFM Horne. 2001. Toucans, barbets, and honeyguides. Oxford University Press, Oxford
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Seed Dispersal by Birds in a South African and a Malagasy Commiphora Species, Bärbel Bleher, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Ecotropica 6: 43–53, 2000
7"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access