Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Laridae > Larus > Larus cachinnans
 

Larus cachinnans (Yellow-legged Gull)

Wikipedia Abstract

Caspian Gull is a name applied to the gull taxon Larus (argentatus) cachinnans, a member of the Herring Gull/Lesser Black-backed Gull complex.
View Wikipedia Record: Larus cachinnans

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
0
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
3
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 1.10511
EDGE Score: 0.74437

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.46 lbs (1.12 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  4 years
Male Maturity [1]  4 years
Clutch Size [2]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  32 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Azores temperate mixed forests Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Canary Islands dry woodlands and forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Crete Mediterranean forests Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, DELTA LOUROU KAI ARACHTHOU (PETRA, MYTIKAS, EVRYTERI PERIOCHI) 71136 Greece  
Adata-Tundzha 13928 Bulgaria  
Alsó-Tisza-völgy 88306 Hungary  
Alto Garda Bresciano 53192 Italy  
Ammerseegebiet 18969 Germany  
Arcipelago delle Egadi - area marina e terrestre 119270 Italy    
Arxipèlag de Cabrera 50735 Spain  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Atanasovsko ezero 17814 Bulgaria  
BAHIA DE CADIZ 26000 Spain  
BOUCLES DE MOISSON, DE GUERNES ET DE ROSNY 14896 France  
Badies de Pollença i Alcúdia 75991 Spain    
Bakarlaka 82794 Bulgaria  
Banc d'Arguin National Park II 2949017 Mauritania
Basses vallées angevines et prairies de la Baumette 18590 France  
Batova 94228 Bulgaria  
Belene Islands Complex 17043 Bulgaria  
Betancuria 41199 Spain  
Boschi del Ticino 50788 Italy  
CABO DE GATA-NIJAR 122347 Spain  
CAMPIÑAS DE SEVILLA 88303 Spain  
CUENCA DE GALLOCANTA 38287 Spain  
Cabo Busto-Luanco 28662 Spain    
Cap Enderrocat-cap Blanc 17495 Spain  
Chiemseegebiet mit Alz 25641 Germany  
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Costa Brava de Mallorca 20708 Spain    
Crau 97194 France  
DESFILADEROS DEL RÍO MARTÍN 110851 Spain  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Delta del Po 61806 Italy  
Embalse del Ebro 16583 Spain  
Emine 164580 Bulgaria  
Estuaire de la Bidassoa et baie de Fontarabie 23423 France  
Etangs d'Argonne 35213 France  
Felsõ-kiskunsági szikes puszták és turjánvidék 103542 Hungary  
Forêts et étangs d'Argonne et vallée de l'Ornain 37827 France  
GORGES DE LA DORDOGNE 113760 France  
Galata 20106 Bulgaria  
Gorges de la Loire 145350 France  
Gorges de la Sioule 64420 France  
Gorges de la Truyère 53380 France  
Haut Val d'Allier 145560 France  
Hódmezõvásárhely környéki és csanádi-háti puszták 53251 Hungary  
Iles Sanguinaires, golfe d'Ajaccio 117158 France  
Ivailovgrad Reservoir 48577 Bulgaria  
Kaliakra 26893 Bulgaria  
Kalimok Complex 23307 Bulgaria  
Kamchia Complex 24897 Bulgaria  
Kamchiyska Mountain 219637 Bulgaria  
Kiskunsági szikes tavak és az õrjegi turjánvidék 88335 Hungary  
Kotlenska Mountain 245286 Bulgaria  
LA SOTONERA 21696 Spain  
LAGUNA DE FUENTE DE PIEDRA 21406 Spain  
Lac du Der 16151 France  
Lacs de la forêt d'Orient 58255 France  
Laguna di Marano e Grado 40434 Italy  
Laguna di Venezia 136417 Italy  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
MARAIS POITEVIN 168088 France  
MATARRAÑA - AIGUABARREIX 90747 Spain  
Mandra - Poda 15162 Bulgaria  
Marismas de Santoña y Noja 16319 Spain    
Mesta 50462 Bulgaria  
Montdúver-Marjal de la Safor 22779 Spain  
Monts et Plomb du Cantal 15864 France  
Märkische Schweiz 44399 Germany  
Nikopolsko Plateau 55006 Bulgaria  
PLAINE DU FOREZ 81144 France  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Pays des Couzes 128132 France  
Pirin 99722 Bulgaria  
Planèze de Saint Flour 62374 France  
Plateau ardennais 186972 France  
Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau 207644 Bulgaria  
Risaie della Lomellina 76457 Italy  
Rupite 21837 Bulgaria  
Ría de Ribadesella-Ría de Tinamayor 14302 Spain    
Sakar 310629 Bulgaria  
Serrà d'Espadà 161443 Spain  
Ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera 40611 Spain  
Sinite Kamani-Grebenets 39354 Bulgaria  
Sologne bourbonnaise 55040 France  
Strandzha 285202 Bulgaria  
Studen Kladenets 39526 Bulgaria  
Studenetz 69315 Bulgaria  
Suha Reka 63678 Bulgaria  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Unteres Odertal 29097 Germany  
VALLE DEL TIÉTAR 159079 Spain  
VALLEE DE LA LOIRE DU LOIRET 18988 France  
VALLEE DU RHIN DE LAUTERBOURG A STRASBOURG 21785 France  
VALLEE DU RHIN DE STRASBOURG A MARCKOLSHEIM 21506 France  
Val d'Allier Bourbonnais 44709 France  
Val d'allier Saint Yorre-Joze 13961 France  
Vallée de la Loire de Iguerande à Decize 61208 France  
Vallée de la Loire de Nantes aux Ponts-de-Cé et ses annexes 38830 France  
Viadana, Portiolo, San Benedetto Po e Ostiglia 17848 Italy  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
l'Albufera 72366 Spain  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Absheron archipelago (north) and Pirallahi bay Azerbaijan B1i
Al Batinah coast Oman A4i, B1i    
Ampurdán marshes Spain A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Archipelago of Cabrera Spain A1, A3, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Axios, Loudias, and Aliakmon estuaries Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ayvalik Turkey A4i, B1i
Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Bakarlaka Bulgaria A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B3, C3, C5, C6
Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Büyükçekmece lake Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i  
Beglitskaya sand-spit Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Black Sea Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Blagoveschenskaya (Kulunda lake and vicinity) Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Bosphorus Turkey A4i, A4ii, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1ii, B1iii, B1iv  
Boughrara Tunisia A4i, A4iii  
Budats'kyj lyman Ukraine A4i, B1i
Buhayrat al-Assad Syria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Burgasko Lake Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Bushire Bay Iran, Islamic Republic of B1i, B3
Cape Busto-Luanco Spain B1i, C3, C6  
Carmel coast Israel A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2  
Cádiz bay Spain A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Cíes islands Spain A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Central Black Sea Coast Turkey A4iv, B1i, B2  
Cervia saltpans Italy A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Chafarinas Islands Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Chahbahar Bay and Khor Konarak Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, B1i, B3
Chernoye Lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i
Chingudi-Bidasoa estuary Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1ii, B2, C1, C2, C3  
Costa de la Muerte (North coast) Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Dadynskiye lakes Russia (European) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Delta of the River Don Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2
Eo river estuary-Barayo beach-Ría de Foz Spain A4i, B1i, B2, C3, C6  
Estuaire de la Bidassoa et Baie de Fontarabie France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4  
Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos France A4i, B1i, C2, C3, C6
Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme France A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Etangs Montpellierains France A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Etangs Narbonnais France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Giresun Island Turkey B1i  
Glynanyi island Azerbaijan A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Golfe de Porto, presqu'île de Scandola et golfe de Galeria France A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Gourine Tunisia A4i, A4iii  
Grado and Marano lagoon Italy A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Gulf of Salwah Saudi Arabia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Hilleh Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Iles d'Hyères France A4i, B1i, B2, C3, C6
Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon Spain A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Karkinits'ka and Dzharylgats'ka bays Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Kazantip Cape, Aktash lake and Astanins'ka marsh Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3  
Küçükçekmece basin Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i  
Khanskoye Lake Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Khawr Shinas and Khawr Liwa Oman A4i, B1i, B2    
Khor Jask Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Khouran Straits Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Kiziltash limans Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3  
Kizlyar Bay Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Kneiss Tunisia A3, A4i, A4iii
Kugurluj and Kartal lakes Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
La Mola of Formentera Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Lake Alagol, Lake Ulmagol and Lake Ajigol Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Ayke Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Lake Taşaul Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Llobregat delta Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1ii, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Lower Tisza Valley Hungary A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Marmara Islands Turkey A3, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1ii, B2
Medas islands Spain A4i, A4iii, B1i, C3, C4, C6
Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Molochnyj Liman Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Mountains of Barcelona Spain B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Moyenne Vallée de la Durance France A4i, B1i, B2, C3, C6
Ons islands Spain A4i, B1i, B3, C3
Ovtcharitsa Reservoir Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C4
Paros, Antiparos and adjacent islands Greece A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C3, C6
Petite Camargue laguno-marine France A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Po Delta Italy A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Pozam: Maytab coast Iran, Islamic Republic of B1i, B3
Quriyat: Daghmar Oman A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Ras al Hadd Oman A4i, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3  
Ribadesella-Tina Mayor Spain A4i, B1i, B2, C3, C6  
River Danube flood-plain Slovakia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Rud-i-Shur, Rud-i-Shirin and Rud-i-Minab deltas Iran, Islamic Republic of A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Sabkhat al-Fasl lagoons Saudi Arabia A4i, A4iii, B1i
Sasyk lake Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Sečovlje saltpans Slovenia A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1ii
Sebkha Bou Areg Morocco A1, A4i  
Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Shagany-Alibej-Burnas lake-system Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Shahdidi spit Azerbaijan A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i  
Strait of Gibraltar Gibraltar (to UK) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, C1, C2, C3, C4
Sudochye Lake Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Suhaia Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Syvash Bay Ukraine A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Tarut Bay Saudi Arabia A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3    
Tuscan Archipelago Italy A1, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Tyligul's'kyj lyman Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Utlyuk lyman Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i
Yagorlyts'ka and Tendrivs'ka Bays Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Yeiski salt-lakes Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Zevulun valley Israel A1, A4i, B1i, B2

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No

Prey / Diet

Abramis brama (Bream)[3]
Blicca bjoerkna (White bream)[3]
Carassius gibelio (Prussian carp)[3]
Chondrostoma nasus (Common nase)[3]
Corema album[4]
Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)[3]
Rutilus rutilus (Roach)[3]
Squalius cephaloides (Chub)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Cathartes aura (Turkey Vulture)1
Chlidonias hybrida (Whiskered Tern)2
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)1
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)1
Natrix maura (Viperine Water Snake)1
Natrix tessellata (Dice Snake)1
Oryctolagus cuniculus (European Rabbit)1
Pelecanus erythrorhynchos (American White Pelican)1
Platalea leucorodia (Eurasian Spoonbill)1
Plegadis falcinellus (Glossy Ibis)1
Sander lucioperca (Pike-perch)1
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Aporchis massiliensis[5]
Brachylaima fuscatus[5]
Brachylecithum microtesticulatum[5]
Cardiocephalus longicollis[5]
Choanotaenia porosa <Unverified Name>[5]
Condylocotyla pilodora[5]
Cosmocephalus obvelatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Cryptocotyle lingua[5]
Diplostomum pseudospathaceum[5]
Diplostomum spathaceum[5]
Eucoleus contortus <Unverified Name>[5]
Galactosomum timondavidi[5]
Gymnophallus deliciosus[5]
Himasthla elongata[5]
Himasthla quissentensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Knipowitschiatrema nicolai[5]
Longiductotrema scandolensis[5]
Megalophallus carcini[5]
Nephromonorcha lari[5]
Ornithobilharzia canaliculata[5]
Pachytrema calculus[5]
Paracuaria adunca <Unverified Name>[5]
Stictodora sawakinensis[5]
Tetrabothrius erostris[5]

Distribution

North America;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Banks R.C., 2011-09-22, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3Robert Gwiazda, Dariusz Bukaciński, Grzegorz Neubauer, Marcin Faber, Jacek Betleja, Magdalena Zagalska-Neubauer, Monika Bukacińska & Przemysław Chylarecki, Diet composition of the Caspian Gull (Larus cachinnans) in inland Poland: effects of breeding area, breeding stage and sympatric breeding with the Herring Gull (Larus argentatus), Ornis Fennica 88:80–89. 2011 4Spatial patterns of seed dispersal and seedling recruitment in Corema album (Empetraceae): the importance of unspecialized dispersers for regeneration, MARÍA CALVIÑO-CANCELA, Journal of Ecology 2002: 90, 775–784 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access