Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Ramphastidae > Selenidera > Selenidera maculirostris

Selenidera maculirostris (Spot-billed Toucanet)

Wikipedia Abstract

The spot-billed toucanet (Selenidera maculirostris) is a species of bird in the Ramphastidae family. It is found in the Atlantic Forest of south-eastern Brazil, far eastern Paraguay, and far north-eastern Argentina (Misiones). It is 35 cm (14 in) long and weighs 140-200 grams (4.9-7.1 oz.) Except for the bill-pattern, it resembles the Gould's toucanet, and the two have been considered conspecific in the past.
View Wikipedia Record: Selenidera maculirostris

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.29736
EDGE Score: 1.66721


Adult Weight [1]  165 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  80 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  40 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  40 %
Forages - Understory [2]  20 %
Clutch Size [3]  2
Incubation [1]  15 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Campos Rupestres montane savanna Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Augusto Ruschi Biological Reserve Ia 8848 Espirito Santo, Brazil  
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Caaguazú National Park II 33073 Paraguay  
Carapá Biological Refuge IV 9071 Paraguay  
Itabó Biological Reserve IV 34092 Paraguay  
Itatiaia National Park II 69730 Minas Gerais, Brazil  
Kuri'y National Reserve Natural Monument III 4972 Paraguay  
Limoy Biological Reserve IV 33774 Paraguay  
Mata Atlântica Biosphere Reserve 72830565 Brazil  
Moisés Bertoni Natural Monument 488 Paraguay
Parque Nacional Iguazú National Park II 115949 Argentina  
Pikyry Biological Refuge IV 2898 Paraguay  
San Rafael, Reserva de Recursos Manejados Managed Resource Reserve VI 165840 Paraguay  
Tatí Yupí Biological Refuge IV 5052 Paraguay  
Yvytyruzu Managed Resources Reserve Managed Resource Reserve VI 63491 Paraguay  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Arroyo Blanco Paraguay A1, A3
Área de Proteção Ambiental de Guaratuba Brazil A1, A2, A3
Bosque Mbaracayú Paraguay A1, A2, A3
Cerro Guazú Paraguay A1, A3
Complexo Pedra Azul / Forno Grande Brazil A1, A2, A3
Estação Ecológica de Juréia-Itatins Brazil A1, A2, A3
Estancia Don Oscar Paraguay A1, A3
Estancia Itabó Paraguay A1, A2, A3
Fazenda Pindobas IV e Arredores Brazil A1, A2, A3
Guaraqueçaba / Jacupiranga / Cananéia Brazil A1, A2, A3
Ka'aguy Rory Paraguay A1, A3
Limoy Paraguay A1, A3
Maciço Florestal de Paranapiacaba Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (entre Caraguatatuba e Picinguaba) Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (entre Santos e São Sebastião) Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Estadual da Serra do Tabuleiro Brazil A1, A3
Parque Estadual de Ilhabela Brazil A1
Parque Estadual do Turvo Brazil A1
Parque Nacional Caazapá Paraguay A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional de Itatiaia Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional do Iguaçu Brazil A1, A3
Parque Nacional San Rafael Paraguay A1, A2, A3, A4ii
Refugio Carapá Paraguay A1, A3
Região de Blumenau Brazil A1, A3
Reserva Itabó: Itaipú Paraguay A1, A3
Santa Teresa Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serra da Bocaina / Paraty / Angra dos Reis Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serra da Cantareira Brazil A1
Serra do Marumbi Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serra do Tinguá Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serra dos Órgãos Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serras das Lontras e do Javi Brazil A1, A2, A3
Sooretama / Linhares Brazil A1, A2, A3
Tapyta Paraguay A1, A2, A3, A4ii
Ybyturuzú Paraguay A1, A2, A3
Ypeti Paraguay A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay Yes

Prey / Diet

Alchornea glandulosa (tamanqueiro)[4]
Amaioua guianensis[4]
Bicuiba oleifera[4]
Cabralea canjerana[4]
Cecropia glaziovii[4]
Citharexylum myrianthum[4]
Clusia parviflora[4]
Cordia sylvestris[4]
Coussarea contracta[4]
Cryptocarya aschersoniana[4]
Eumachia astrellantha[4]
Euterpe edulis[5]
Geonoma pauciflora[4]
Guapira opposita[4]
Heteropsis oblongifolia[4]
Hyeronima alchorneoides[4]
Marcgravia polyantha[4]
Matayba elaeagnoides[4]
Monteverdia robusta[4]
Protium widgrenii[4]
Psychotria mapourioides[4]
Rudgea recurva[4]
Symplocos anamallayana[4]
Trema micrantha (Jamaican nettletree)[4]
Virola gardneri (nutmeg)[4]
Zanthoxyllum rhoifolium[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aburria jacutinga (Black-fronted piping guan)6
Amazona vinacea (Vinaceous-breasted Amazon)2
Antilophia galeata (Helmeted Manakin)1
Artibeus lituratus (great fruit-eating bat)1
Baillonius bailloni (saffron toucanet)6
Baryphthengus ruficapillus (Rufous-capped Motmot)1
Brotogeris tirica (Plain Parakeet)3
Cacicus chrysopterus (Golden-winged Cacique)2
Cacicus haemorrhous (Red-rumped Cacique)3
Carpornis cucullata (Hooded Berryeater)3
Carpornis melanocephala (Black-headed Berryeater)3
Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush)1
Celeus flavescens (Blond-crested Woodpecker)1
Cerdocyon thous (Crab-eating Fox)1
Chlorophanes spiza (Green Honeycreeper)2
Coereba flaveola (Bananaquit)1
Cyanerpes cyaneus (Red-legged Honeycreeper)1
Cyclarhis gujanensis (Rufous-browed Peppershrike)1
Dacnis cayana (Blue Dacnis)2
Dacnis nigripes (Black-legged Dacnis)1
Empidonomus varius (Variegated Flycatcher)1
Euphonia violacea (Violaceous Euphonia)1
Euryoryzomys russatus (intermediate rice rat)1
Forpus xanthopterygius (Blue-winged Parrotlet)2
Leontopithecus rosalia (golden lion tamarin)1
Lipaugus lanioides (Cinnamon-vented Piha)5
Lutreolina crassicaudata (Lutrine Opossum)1
Megarynchus pitangua (Boat-billed Flycatcher)1
Micoureus demerarae (Woolly Mouse Opossum)1
Myiarchus swainsoni (Swainson's Flycatcher)1
Myiodynastes maculatus (Streaked Flycatcher)2
Myiozetetes similis (Social Flycatcher)1
Orthogonys chloricterus (Olive-green Tanager)1
Oxyruncus cristatus (Sharpbill)3
Penelope obscura (Dusky-legged Guan)1
Penelope superciliaris (Rusty-margined Guan)2
Phibalura flavirostris (Swallow-tailed Cotinga)1
Pionus maximiliani (Scaly-headed Parrot)1
Procnias nudicollis (Bare-throated Bellbird)2
Pyroderus scutatus (Red-ruffed Fruitcrow)5
Pyrrhura cruentata (Ochre-marked Parakeet)1
Pyrrhura frontalis (Reddish-bellied Parakeet)5
Ramphastos dicolorus (Green-billed Toucan)5
Ramphastos vitellinus (Channel-billed Toucan)9
Ramphocelus carbo (Silver-beaked Tanager)1
Schistochlamys ruficapillus (Cinnamon Tanager)1
Stephanophorus diadematus (Diademed Tanager)2
Tachyphonus rufus (White-lined Tanager)1
Tangara cayana (Burnished-buff Tanager)2
Tangara desmaresti (Brassy-breasted Tanager)1
Tangara mexicana (Turquoise Tanager)1
Tapirus terrestris (South American tapir)1
Tersina viridis (Swallow Tanager)2
Thraupis palmarum (Palm Tanager)1
Thraupis sayaca (Sayaca Tanager)2
Tityra cayana (Black-tailed Tityra)1
Triclaria malachitacea (Blue-bellied Parrot)1
Trogon viridis (White-tailed Trogon)1
Turdus albicollis (White-necked Thrush)2
Turdus flavipes (Yellow-legged Thrush)1
Turdus leucomelas (Pale-breasted Thrush)1
Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo)1


Parasitized by 
Eulimdana micropenis <Unverified Name>[6]
Habronema unilateralis <Unverified Name>[6]
Splendidofilaria gedoelsti <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Akron Zoological Park
Dallas World Aquarium
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4Frugivory by Toucans (Ramphastidae) at Two Altitudes in the Atlantic Forest of Brazil, Mauro Galetti, Rudi Laps and Marco A. Pizo, BIOTROPICA 32(4b): 842-850 (2000)
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access