Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Ramphastidae > Ramphastos > Ramphastos vitellinus
 

Ramphastos vitellinus (Channel-billed Toucan)

Infraspecies

Ramphastos vitellinus ariel (Ariel Toucan) (Endangered) (Attributes)
Ramphastos vitellinus citreolaemus (Citron-throated Toucan)
Ramphastos vitellinus culminatus (Yellow-ridged Toucan) (Attributes)
Ramphastos vitellinus vitellinus (Synonym of Ramphastos vitellinus, Channel-billed toucan)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
20
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.6611
EDGE Score: 1.73362

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  343 grams
Female Weight [1]  324 grams
Male Weight [1]  363 grams
Weight Dimorphism [1]  12 %
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Endothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Fruit [2]  60 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  30 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  50 %
Forages - Understory [2]  10 %
Forages - Ground [2]  10 %
Clutch Size [4]  3
Incubation [3]  17 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  14 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cordillera La Costa montane forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lesser Antillean dry forests Grenada, St. Lucia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trinidad and Tobago moist forests Trinidad and Tobago Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Augusto Ruschi Biological Reserve Ia 8848 Espirito Santo, Brazil  
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Central Range Wildlife Sanctuary Game Sanctuary IV 5320 Trinidad and Tobago  
Cordillera Azul National Park 3367365 Huanuco, Peru  
El Caura Forest Reserve VI 12722815 Venezuela  
Imataca Forest Reserve VI 13252422 Venezuela  
Itatiaia National Park II 69730 Minas Gerais, Brazil  
Jaú National Park II 5890355 Amazonas, Brazil  
Linhares State Forest Reserve   Brazil      
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Maracá Ecological Reserve Ia 257554 Roraima, Brazil  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Ralleigh Falls - Voltzberg Nature Reserve 191114 Suriname  
Reserva Cuzco Amazonico   Peru      
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      
Sooretama Biological Reserve Ia 69202 Espirito Santo, Brazil  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Cerrado Brazil No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Prey / Diet

Annona papilionella[5]
Bicuiba oleifera[6]
Cecropia glaziovii[6]
Chrysophyllum flexuosum[6]
Citharexylum myrianthum[6]
Copaifera trapezifolia[6]
Euterpe edulis[7]
Hyeronima alchorneoides[6]
Isertia laevis[5]
Margaritaria nobilis (bastard hogberry)[6]
Matayba elaeagnoides[6]
Miconia serrulata (jau jau)[5]
Ocotea floribunda (laurel espada)[5]
Phytolacca dioica[6]
Protium widgrenii[6]
Psychotria mapourioides[6]
Schefflera morototoni[5]
Virola flexuosa[8]
Virola gardneri (nutmeg)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aburria aburri (Wattled Guan)1
Aburria cujubi (Red-throated Piping-guan)1
Aburria jacutinga (Black-fronted piping guan)7
Aburria pipile (Trinidad piping guan)2
Amazona vinacea (Vinaceous-breasted Amazon)2
Artibeus lituratus (great fruit-eating bat)1
Ateles belzebuth (white-bellied spider monkey)1
Ateles chamek (Chamek spider monkey)1
Baillonius bailloni (saffron toucanet)5
Baryphthengus martii (Rufous Motmot)1
Baryphthengus ruficapillus (Rufous-capped Motmot)1
Brotogeris tirica (Plain Parakeet)3
Cacicus haemorrhous (Red-rumped Cacique)1
Carpornis cucullata (Hooded Berryeater)1
Carpornis melanocephala (Black-headed Berryeater)3
Celeus flavescens (Blond-crested Woodpecker)1
Cerdocyon thous (Crab-eating Fox)1
Chlorophanes spiza (Green Honeycreeper)1
Dacnis cayana (Blue Dacnis)1
Euphonia musica (Antillean Euphonia)1
Euryoryzomys russatus (intermediate rice rat)1
Lagothrix lagothricha (Humboldt's woolly monkey)1
Leontopithecus rosalia (golden lion tamarin)1
Lipaugus lanioides (Cinnamon-vented Piha)4
Loxigilla portoricensis (Puerto Rican Bullfinch)1
Lutreolina crassicaudata (Lutrine Opossum)1
Margarops fuscatus (Pearly-eyed Thrasher)1
Micoureus demerarae (Woolly Mouse Opossum)1
Myiodynastes maculatus (Streaked Flycatcher)1
Nesospingus speculiferus (Puerto Rican Tanager)1
Ortalis guttata (Speckled Chachalaca)1
Orthogonys chloricterus (Olive-green Tanager)1
Oxyruncus cristatus (Sharpbill)1
Patagioenas inornata (Plain Pigeon)1
Penelope jacquacu (Spix's Guan)1
Penelope obscura (Dusky-legged Guan)1
Penelope superciliaris (Rusty-margined Guan)2
Phibalura flavirostris (Swallow-tailed Cotinga)1
Pionopsitta pileata (Pileated Parrot)1
Pionus maximiliani (Scaly-headed Parrot)2
Pipra erythrocephala (Golden-headed Manakin)2
Procnias nudicollis (Bare-throated Bellbird)2
Pteroglossus azara (Ivory-billed Aracari)1
Pteroglossus pluricinctus (Many-banded Aracari)1
Pyroderus scutatus (Red-ruffed Fruitcrow)4
Pyrrhura frontalis (Reddish-bellied Parakeet)4
Pyrrhura molinae (Green-cheeked Parakeet)1
Ramphastos dicolorus (Green-billed Toucan)6
Ramphastos tucanus (White-throated Toucan)1
Ramphocelus carbo (Silver-beaked Tanager)1
Rupicola rupicola (Guianan Cock-of-the-rock)1
Saguinus leucopus (silvery-brown bare-face tamarin)1
Schistochlamys ruficapillus (Cinnamon Tanager)1
Selenidera maculirostris (Spot-billed Toucanet)9
Selenidera reinwardtii (Golden-collared Toucanet)1
Steatornis caripensis (Oilbird)1
Stephanophorus diadematus (Diademed Tanager)1
Tangara cayana (Burnished-buff Tanager)1
Tangara desmaresti (Brassy-breasted Tanager)1
Tangara gyrola (Bay-headed Tanager)1
Tapirus terrestris (South American tapir)1
Thraupis episcopus (Blue-grey Tanager)1
Thraupis palmarum (Palm Tanager)1
Thraupis sayaca (Sayaca Tanager)1
Tityra cayana (Black-tailed Tityra)1
Triclaria malachitacea (Blue-bellied Parrot)1
Trogon violaceus (Violaceous Trogon)1
Trogon viridis (White-tailed Trogon)1
Turdus albicollis (White-necked Thrush)1
Turdus flavipes (Yellow-legged Thrush)1
Turdus plumbeus (Red-legged Thrush)1
Vireo altiloquus (Black-whiskered Vireo)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Capillaria venusta <Unverified Name>[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Amazon World
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Leeds Castle Enterprises Ltd.
Lotherton Bird Garden
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
 vitellinus
Natural Encounters, Inc.
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc des Oiseauxvitellinus
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Rotterdam Zoo
Santa Ana Zoo
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
Tallinn Zoovitellinus
Terra Natura S.A.
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wilhelma Zoovitellinus
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobago
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding

Range Map

Audio

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Provided by Xeno-canto under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 2.5 License Author: Bernabe Lopez-Lanus

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Short, LL, and JFM Horne. 2001. Toucans, barbets, and honeyguides. Oxford University Press, Oxford
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Aguaruna Knowledge of Bird Foraging Ecology: A comparison with scientific data, Kevin Jernigan and Nico Dauphiné, Ethnobotany Research & Applications 6:093-106 (2008)
6Frugivory by Toucans (Ramphastidae) at Two Altitudes in the Atlantic Forest of Brazil, Mauro Galetti, Rudi Laps and Marco A. Pizo, BIOTROPICA 32(4b): 842-850 (2000)
7FRUITING PHENOLOGY AND FRUGIVORY ON THE PALM EUTERPE EDULIS IN A LOWLAND ATLANTIC FOREST IN BRAZIL, Mauro Galetti, Valesca B. Zipparro & Patricia C. Morellato, ECOTROPICA 5: 115-122, 1999
8Holbrook, KM, and BA Loiselle. 2009. Dispersal in a neotropical tree, Virola flexuosa (Myristicaceae): Does hunting of large vertebrates limit seed removal? Ecology 90: 1449–1455
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2