Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Ramphastidae > Ramphastos > Ramphastos dicolorus

Ramphastos dicolorus (Green-billed Toucan; Red-breasted Toucan)

Wikipedia Abstract

The green-billed toucan (Ramphastos dicolorus), also known as the red-breasted toucan, is found in southern and eastern Brazil, Pantanal of Bolivia, eastern Paraguay and far north-eastern Argentina. It is primarily found in Atlantic Forest. Overall, it is fairly common, and therefore considered to be of least concern by IUCN.
View Wikipedia Record: Ramphastos dicolorus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.48004
EDGE Score: 1.86873


Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Endothermic [1]  10 %
Diet - Fruit [1]  80 %
Diet - Invertibrates [1]  10 %
Forages - Canopy [1]  80 %
Forages - Ground [1]  20 %
Clutch Size [3]  3
Incubation [2]  16 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  17 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Campos Rupestres montane savanna Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Paraná flooded savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Southern Cone Mesopotamian savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Caaguazú National Park II 33073 Paraguay  
Carapá Biological Refuge IV 9071 Paraguay  
Cerro Corá National Park II 31326 Paraguay  
Itabó Biological Reserve IV 34092 Paraguay  
Itatiaia National Park II 69730 Minas Gerais, Brazil  
Limoy Biological Reserve IV 33774 Paraguay  
Mata Atlântica Biosphere Reserve 72830565 Brazil  
Mbaracayú Biological Refuge IV 4039 Paraguay  
Moisés Bertoni Natural Monument 488 Paraguay
Ñacunday National Park II 5435 Paraguay  
Parque Nacional Iguazú National Park II 115949 Argentina  
Pikyry Biological Refuge IV 2898 Paraguay  
San Rafael, Reserva de Recursos Manejados Managed Resource Reserve VI 165840 Paraguay  
Serra dos Orgãos National Park II 26072 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil  
Tatí Yupí Biological Refuge IV 5052 Paraguay  
Yvytyruzu Managed Resources Reserve Managed Resource Reserve VI 63491 Paraguay  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Área de Proteção Ambiental de Guaratuba Brazil A1, A2, A3
Arroyo Blanco Paraguay A1, A3
Boa Nova / Serra da Ouricana Brazil A1, A2, A3
Bosque Mbaracayú Paraguay A1, A2, A3
Campos Gerais do Paraná Brazil A1, A2, A3
Cerro Guazú Paraguay A1, A3
Complexo Pedra Azul / Forno Grande Brazil A1, A2, A3
Estação Ecológica de Juréia-Itatins Brazil A1, A2, A3
Estancia Don Oscar Paraguay A1, A3
Estancia Itabó Paraguay A1, A2, A3
Fazenda Pindobas IV e Arredores Brazil A1, A2, A3
Guaraqueçaba / Jacupiranga / Cananéia Brazil A1, A2, A3
Ka'aguy Rory Paraguay A1, A3
Limoy Paraguay A1, A3
Maciço Florestal de Paranapiacaba Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Estadual da Serra do Brigadeiro Brazil A1, A3
Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (entre Caraguatatuba e Picinguaba) Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (entre Santos e São Sebastião) Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Estadual da Serra do Tabuleiro Brazil A1, A3
Parque Estadual de Ilhabela Brazil A1
Parque Estadual do Turvo Brazil A1
Parque Nacional Caazapá Paraguay A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional de Itatiaia Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional do Iguaçu Brazil A1, A3
Parque Nacional San Rafael Paraguay A1, A2, A3, A4ii
Refugio Carapá Paraguay A1, A3
Região de Blumenau Brazil A1, A3
Região dos Aparados da Serra Brazil A1, A2, A3
Reserva Itabó: Itaipú Paraguay A1, A3
Serra da Bocaina / Paraty / Angra dos Reis Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serra da Cantareira Brazil A1
Serra da Mantiqueira Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serra do Marumbi Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serra do Tinguá Brazil A1, A2, A3
Tapyta Paraguay A1, A2, A3, A4ii
Ybyturuzú Paraguay A1, A2, A3
Ypeti Paraguay A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No

Prey / Diet

Bicuiba oleifera[4]
Cabralea canjerana[4]
Cecropia glaziovii[4]
Citharexylum myrianthum[4]
Copaifera trapezifolia[4]
Eugenia uniflora[5]
Euterpe edulis[6]
Myrsine coriacea (leathery colicwood)[4]
Phytolacca dioica[4]
Prunus myrtifolia (West Indian cherry)[4]
Sapindus rarak[4]
Tapirira guianensis[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aburria jacutinga (Black-fronted piping guan)6
Amazona vinacea (Vinaceous-breasted Amazon)1
Artibeus lituratus (great fruit-eating bat)1
Baillonius bailloni (saffron toucanet)7
Brotogeris tirica (Plain Parakeet)2
Cacicus chrysopterus (Golden-winged Cacique)1
Cacicus haemorrhous (Red-rumped Cacique)2
Callicebus nigrifrons (southern masked titi monkey)1
Callithrix aurita (white-eared marmoset)1
Callithrix kuhlii (Weid's black-tufted-ear marmoset)1
Callithrix penicillata (black-pencilled marmoset)1
Carpornis cucullata (Hooded Berryeater)1
Carpornis melanocephala (Black-headed Berryeater)2
Celeus flavescens (Blond-crested Woodpecker)1
Cerdocyon thous (Crab-eating Fox)1
Chaetomys subspinosus (bristle-spined rat)1
Colaptes melanochloros (green-barred woodpecker)1
Cyanocorax chrysops (Plush-crested Jay)1
Euryoryzomys russatus (intermediate rice rat)1
Hemithraupis guira (Guira Tanager)1
Leontopithecus rosalia (golden lion tamarin)2
Lipaugus lanioides (Cinnamon-vented Piha)5
Lutreolina crassicaudata (Lutrine Opossum)1
Micoureus demerarae (Woolly Mouse Opossum)1
Myiodynastes maculatus (Streaked Flycatcher)1
Orthogonys chloricterus (Olive-green Tanager)1
Oxyruncus cristatus (Sharpbill)3
Penelope obscura (Dusky-legged Guan)1
Penelope superciliaris (Rusty-margined Guan)2
Phibalura flavirostris (Swallow-tailed Cotinga)1
Pionopsitta pileata (Pileated Parrot)1
Procnias nudicollis (Bare-throated Bellbird)1
Pyroderus scutatus (Red-ruffed Fruitcrow)3
Pyrrhura frontalis (Reddish-bellied Parakeet)2
Pyrrhura leucotis (White-eared Parakeet)1
Ramphastos vitellinus (Channel-billed Toucan)6
Saltator similis (Green-winged Saltator)2
Schistochlamys ruficapillus (Cinnamon Tanager)1
Selenidera maculirostris (Spot-billed Toucanet)5
Synallaxis ruficapilla (Rufous-capped Spinetail)1
Tangara cayana (Burnished-buff Tanager)1
Tangara desmaresti (Brassy-breasted Tanager)1
Tapirus terrestris (South American tapir)1
Tersina viridis (Swallow Tanager)2
Thraupis sayaca (Sayaca Tanager)2
Tityra cayana (Black-tailed Tityra)1
Triclaria malachitacea (Blue-bellied Parrot)1
Trogon viridis (White-tailed Trogon)1
Turdus albicollis (White-necked Thrush)2
Turdus flavipes (Yellow-legged Thrush)1
Turdus leucomelas (Pale-breasted Thrush)2
Turdus rufiventris (Rufous-bellied Thrush)2
Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo)1
Zonotrichia capensis (Rufous-collared Sparrow)1


Parasitized by 
Dessetfilaria braziliensis <Unverified Name>[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Dallas World Aquarium
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Lion Country Safari Inc - Florida

Range Map

Serra dos Orgaos National Park;


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Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4Frugivory by Toucans (Ramphastidae) at Two Altitudes in the Atlantic Forest of Brazil, Mauro Galetti, Rudi Laps and Marco A. Pizo, BIOTROPICA 32(4b): 842-850 (2000)
5Frugivoria realizada por aves em Myrciaria trunciflora (Mart) O. Berg. (Myrtaceae), Eugenia uniflora L. (Myrtaceae) e Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil. no norte do estado do Rio Grande do Sul; Juliano Colussi, e Nêmora Pauletti Prestes; Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 19(1):48-55
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
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