Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Ramphastidae > Ramphastos > Ramphastos swainsonii
 

Ramphastos swainsonii (Chestnut-mandibled Toucan)

Wikipedia Abstract

The chestnut-mandibled toucan, or Swainson’s toucan (Ramphastos ambiguus swainsonii) is a near-passerine bird which breeds from eastern Honduras to northern Colombia to western Ecuador. This subspecies is replaced from southern Colombia to eastern Peru by the nominate subspecies black-mandibled toucan, R. ambiguus ambiguus. The SACC and NACC of the AOU have recently indicated (in 2010) that these birds should be classified as conspecific. The scientific and alternative English names commemorate the English ornithologist and artist William Swainson.
View Wikipedia Record: Ramphastos swainsonii

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
19
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.26065
EDGE Score: 1.66025

Attributes

Male Weight [2]  1.56 lbs (709 g)
Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Ectothermic [1]  10 %
Diet - Endothermic [1]  10 %
Diet - Fruit [1]  60 %
Diet - Invertibrates [1]  20 %
Forages - Canopy [1]  60 %
Forages - Mid-High [1]  30 %
Forages - Understory [1]  10 %

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Cauca Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Panamanian montane forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ecuadorian dry forests Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Ecuador moist forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Cordillera Volcanica Central Forest Reserve VI 150571 Costa Rica  
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
La Selva Biological Station Protective Zone VI 6052 Costa Rica
Rara Avis Rainforest Reserve 3163 Costa Rica
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve   Honduras      

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Tetragastris panamensis[3]
Virola sebifera (virola)[4]
Virola surinamensis (Baboonwood)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alouatta palliata (mantled howler monkey)1
Amazona autumnalis (Red-lored Parrot)1
Amazona farinosa (Mealy Parrot)1
Ateles geoffroyi (Central American spider monkey)2
Baryphthengus martii (Rufous Motmot)2
Cebus capucinus (white-faced capuchin)2
Dasyprocta punctata (Central American agouti)2
Nasua narica (White-nosed Coati)1
Penelope purpurascens (Crested Guan)2
Potos flavus (Kinkajou)1
Pteroglossus erythropygius (Pale-mandibled Aracari)1
Pteroglossus torquatus (Collared Aracari)3
Querula purpurata (Purple-throated Fruitcrow)1
Ramphastos sulfuratus (Keel-billed Toucan)3
Ramphastos toco (Toco Toucan)1
Sciurus granatensis (red-tailed squirrel)1
Tinamus major (Great Tinamou)1
Tityra semifasciata (Masked Tityra)2
Trogon massena (Slaty-tailed Trogon)3

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Albuquerque Biological Park
Amazon World
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Badoca Safari Park
Bergen County Zoological Park
Birmingham Zoo
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Brevard Zoo
Buffalo Zoological Gardens
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Dallas World Aquarium
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dickerson Park Zoo
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Helsinki Zoo
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Kansas City Zoo
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Minnesota Zoological Garden
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
Oakland Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Pana'ewa Rainforest Zoo & Gardens
Parc des Oiseaux
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Parque Zoologico Santa Fe
Potawatomi Zoo
Roosevelt Park Zoo
San Diego Zoo
Terra Natura S.A.
Turtle Back Zoo
Zoo Parc de Beauval

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2Short, LL, and JFM Horne. 2001. Toucans, barbets, and honeyguides. Oxford University Press, Oxford
3MONKEY DISPERSAL AND WASTE OF A NEOTROPICAL FRUIT, Henry F. Howe, Ecology, 61(4), 1980, pp. 944-959
4DISPERSAL OF A NEOTROPICAL NUTMEG (VIROLA SEBIFERA) BY BIRDS, HENRY F. HOWE, The Auk 98: 88-98. January1981
5Howe, HF, EW Schupp, and LC Westley. 1985. Early consequences of seed dispersal for a Neotropical tree (Virola surinamensis) Ecology 66:781-791
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access