Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Procellariiformes > Diomedeidae > Phoebastria > Phoebastria nigripes

Phoebastria nigripes (Black-footed Albatross)

Synonyms: Diomedea nigripes
Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The black-footed albatross (Phoebastria nigripes) is a large seabird of the albatross family Diomedeidae from the North Pacific. All but 2.5% of the population is found among the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. It is one of three species of albatross that range in the northern hemisphere, nesting on isolated tropical islands. Unlike many albatrosses, it is dark plumaged.
View Wikipedia Record: Phoebastria nigripes

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.85655
EDGE Score: 3.67443


Adult Weight [2]  7.04 lbs (3.20 kg)
Birth Weight [4]  183 grams
Female Weight [2]  6.59 lbs (2.99 kg)
Male Weight [2]  7.50 lbs (3.40 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [2]  13.7 %
Female Maturity [6]  5 years
Male Maturity [6]  5 years
Breeding Habitat [3]  Oceanic islands, Pelagic
Wintering Geography [3]  Pacific Ocean
Wintering Habitat [3]  Pelagic
Diet [5]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Fish [5]  70 %
Diet - Invertibrates [5]  20 %
Diet - Scavenger [5]  10 %
Forages - Water Surface [5]  100 %
Clutch Size [4]  1
Clutches / Year [4]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [3]  130,000
Incubation [4]  65 days
Maximum Longevity [4]  41 years
Migration [7]  Intercontinental
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Pelagic
Wing Span [8]  7.0 feet (2.13 m)

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Ib 2347132 Alaska, United States
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Elkhorn Slough Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 964 California, United States  
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park   Hawaii, United States
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Santa Cruz Island Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve 46021 California, United States

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Mukojima islands Japan A1, A2    
Senkaku islands Japan A1, A4i, A4ii    
Torishima island Japan A1, A4ii  
Yieliu Taiwan A1, A4i  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Japan Japan No
Polynesia-Micronesia Fiji, Micronesia, Polynesia, Samoa, Tonga, United States No

Prey / Diet

Abraliopsis felis[9]
Anuropus bathypelagicus[9]
Anuropus branchiatus[9]
Berryteuthis anonychus (smallfin gonate squid)[9]
Brama japonica (Bigtooth pomfret)[6]
Cololabis saira (Skipper)[10]
Electrona risso (Risso's lanternfish)[10]
Galiteuthis phyllura[6]
Gempylus serpens (Snack mackerel)[9]
Gonatopsis borealis (Boreopacific gonate squid)[9]
Kondakovia longimana (Giant Warty Squid)[11]
Lampanyctus jordani (Brokenline lanternfish)[10]
Leachia pacifica[6]
Nebaliopsis typica[9]
Neognathophausia gigas[9]
Neognathophausia ingens[9]
Notostomus japonicus (Japanese spinyridge)[9]
Octopoteuthis deletron[9]
Ommastrephes bartramii (red flying squid)[6]
Onychoteuthis borealijaponica (Boreal Clubhook Squid)[9]
Planes major (flotsam crab)[9]
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)[9]
Sagamichthys abei (Shining tubeshoulder)[9]
Stigmatoteuthis dofleini[9]
Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (Green sea urchin)[9]
Taonius pavo[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anous minutus (Black Noddy)1
Arctocephalus townsendi (Guadalupe Fur Seal)1
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)1
Diomedea exulans (Wandering Albatross)2
Kogia breviceps (Pygmy Sperm Whale)3
Kogia sima (Dwarf Sperm Whale)1
Lamna ditropis (Salmon shark)1
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)1
Larus glaucescens (Glaucous-winged Gull)1
Larus marinus (Great Black-backed Gull)1
Mesoplodon carlhubbsi (Hubbs's Beaked Whale)1
Mesoplodon densirostris (Blainville's Beaked Whale)1
Mirounga angustirostris (Northern Elephant Seal)1
Monachus schauinslandi (Hawaiian Monk Seal)1
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)1
Phoebastria immutabilis (Laysan Albatross)3
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)1
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)1
Pseudorca crassidens (False Killer Whale)1
Pterodroma heraldica (Herald Petrel)1
Pterodroma neglecta (Kermadec Petrel)1
Pterodroma ultima (Murphy's Petrel)1
Puffinus newelli (Newell's Shearwater)1
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)1
Somateria spectabilis (King Eider)1
Stenella attenuata (Pantropical Spotted Dolphin)2
Stenella coeruleoalba (Striped Dolphin)3
Sula sula (Red-footed Booby)2
Thalassarche chlororhynchos (Yellow-nosed Albatross)1
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)1
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)2
Ziphius cavirostris (Cuvier's Beaked Whale)1


Galeocerdo cuvier (Tiger-shark)[11]
Homo sapiens (man)[11]
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)[11]


Parasitized by 
Paracuaria adunca <Unverified Name>[12]

Range Map

North America; Oceania;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Threlfall, W. and SP Mahoney. 1980. The use of measurements in sexing Common Murres from Newfoundland. Wilson Bulletin 92: 266-268
3Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
5Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
6Black-footed Albatross (Phoebastria nigripes), Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels –
7Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
8Alaska Department of Fish and Game
9del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
10Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository.
11Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
12Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access