Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Bucerotiformes > Bucerotidae > Tockus > Tockus alboterminatus
 

Tockus alboterminatus (Crowned Hornbill; Crested Hornbill)

Wikipedia Abstract

The crowned hornbill (Tockus alboterminatus) is an African hornbill. It is a medium-sized bird, 50–54 centimetres (20–21 in) in length, and is characterized by its white belly and black back and wings. The tips of the long tail feathers are white. The eyes are yellow; the beak is red and presents a stocky casque on the upper mandible. In females, the casque is smaller.
View Wikipedia Record: Tockus alboterminatus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
14
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
33
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 11.2575
EDGE Score: 2.50614

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  224 grams
Birth Weight [2]  17.4 grams
Female Weight [1]  205 grams
Male Weight [1]  244 grams
Weight Dimorphism [1]  19 %
Clutch Size [3]  3

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
East African mangroves Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia Afrotropic Mangroves
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Addo Elephant National Park II 348463 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
East Usambara Biosphere Reserve 222395 Tanzania  
Gombe National Park II 8799 Tanzania
Hlane Royal National Park VI 30892 Swaziland  
Hwange National Park II 3651385 Zimbabwe  
Itala Game Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve II 72822 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kakamega Forest Reseve Forest Reserve 44820 Kenya
Katavi National Park II 1054210 Tanzania
Kenneth Stainbank Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 554 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Kiunga Marine National Reserve VI 60208 Kenya  
Krantzkloof Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 1452 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Lake Manyara National Park II 78767 Tanzania  
Liwonde National Park II 116740 Malawi  
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Malindi-Watamu Biosphere Reserve 48433 Kenya  
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  
Minziro Forest Reserve 76954 Tanzania  
Mlawula Nature Reserve IV 46444 Swaziland  
Mount Kenya Biosphere Reserve II 146694 Kenya
Nairobi National Park II 16444 Kenya
Ndimba Forest Reserve 3102 Tanzania  
Pande Forest Reserve Game Reserve IV 3094 Tanzania  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Rubondo National Park II 50330 Tanzania
Shongweni Resources Reserve 42008 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  
Uluguru Forest Reserves   Tanzania      
Weenen Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
West Caprivi Game Reserve Game Park VI 1448182 Namibia  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Prey / Diet

Commiphora harveyi[4]
Ficus sansibarica (Knobbly fig)[5]
Ficus sur (Cape fig)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Andropadus importunus (Sombre Greenbul)1
Arizelocichla milanjensis (Stripe-cheeked Greenbul)1
Buccanodon duchaillui (Yellow-spotted Barbet)1
Bycanistes brevis (Silvery-cheeked Hornbill)2
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)2
Bycanistes subcylindricus (Grey-cheeked Hornbill)1
Ceratogymna atrata (Black-casqued Wattled Hornbill)1
Cercopithecus ascanius (black-cheeked white-nosed monkey)2
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)3
Cercopithecus pogonias (crowned guenon)1
Chlorocichla laetissima (Joyful Greenbul)1
Colobus guereza (Guereza)1
Corythaeola cristata (Great Blue Turaco)1
Dicrurus adsimilis (Fork-tailed Drongo)1
Epomops franqueti (Franquet's epauletted bat)1
Eurillas curvirostris (Plain Greenbul)1
Eurillas latirostris (Yellow-whiskered Greenbul)1
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)2
Heliosciurus rufobrachium (red-legged sun squirrel)1
Lamprotornis nitens (Cape Starling)1
Lybius torquatus (Black-collared Barbet)2
Micropteropus pusillus (Peters's dwarf epauletted fruit bat)1
Notopholia corrusca (Black-bellied Starling)1
Oriolus brachyrynchus (Western Oriole)1
Oriolus larvatus (Black-headed Oriole)1
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)2
Parus niger (Southern Black Tit)1
Philantomba monticola (blue duiker)1
Phoeniculus purpureus (Green Wood Hoopoe)1
Phyllastrephus cabanisi (Cabanis's Greenbul)1
Phylloscopus budongoensis (Uganda Woodland Warbler)1
Phylloscopus trochilus (Willow Warbler)1
Ploceus bicolor (Dark-backed Weaver)2
Ploceus nigricollis (Black-necked Weaver)1
Pogoniulus bilineatus (Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird)2
Pogoniulus pusillus (Red-fronted Tinkerbird)1
Potamochoerus porcus (red river hog)1
Pteropus voeltzkowi (Pemba flying fox)1
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)2
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)2
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)1
Tauraco corythaix (Knysna Turaco)1
Tauraco schalowi (Schalow's Turaco)1
Tragelaphus scriptus (bushbuck)1
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)2
Zosterops pallidus (Cape White-eye)1
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Paruterina southwelli <Unverified Name>[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Birdland Park & Gardens
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Inokashira Park Zoo
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Montgomery Zoo
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Saitama Children's Zoo
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
Tiergarten der Stadt Wels
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
Zoo Krefeld GmbH

Distribution

Africa; Tsavo National Park;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Kemp, A. 1995. The Hornbills. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4Seed Dispersal by Birds in a South African and a Malagasy Commiphora Species, Bärbel Bleher, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Ecotropica 6: 43–53, 2000 5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 6Specialization and interaction strength in a tropical plant-frugivore network differ among forest strata, Matthias Schleuning, Nico Blüthgen, Martina Flörchinger, Julius Braun, H. Martin Schaefer, and Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Ecology, in press. 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access