Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Bucerotiformes > Bucerotidae > Ocyceros > Ocyceros griseus
 

Ocyceros griseus (Malabar Grey Hornbill)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Malabar grey hornbill (Ocyceros griseus) is a hornbill endemic to the Western Ghats and associated hills of southern India. They have a large beak but lack the casque that is prominent in some other hornbill species. They are found mainly in dense forest and around rubber, arecanut or coffee plantations. They move around in small groups, feeding on figs and other forest fruits. Their loud cackling and laughing call makes them familiar to people living in the region.
View Wikipedia Record: Ocyceros griseus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
8
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
26
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.85427
EDGE Score: 2.06106

Attributes

Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Ectothermic [1]  10 %
Diet - Fruit [1]  80 %
Diet - Invertibrates [1]  10 %
Forages - Canopy [1]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [1]  60 %
Forages - Ground [1]  20 %
Clutch Size [2]  3
Incubation [2]  40 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Amarambalam Reserved Forest: Nilambur India A1, A2, A3
Anshi National Park India A1, A2, A3
Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2
Bandipur National Park India A1, A2, A3
Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2
Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Bhimashankar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Bhimgad Forests India A1, A2, A3
Bramhagiri Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2
Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Eravikulam National Park India A1, A2, A3
Gudavi Bird Sanctuary India A1, A2, A4i
Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park India A1, A2, A3
INS: Shivaji and adjoining areas, Lonavla India A1, A2, A3
Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve India A1, A2
Kemmangundi and Bababudan Hills India A1, A2, A3
Kemphole Reserve Forest India A2, A3
Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2
Kudremukh National Park India A1, A2, A3
Kulahupuzha Reserved Forest India A1, A2
Longwood Shola: Kothagiri India A1, A2
Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Nagarhole National Park India A1, A2, A3
Nelliyampathy (Nemmara Division) India A1, A2
Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Peechi: Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Radhanagari Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Sharavathi Valley Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Silent Valley National Park India A1, A2, A3
Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Srivilliputhur Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2
Talakaveri Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2
Thattekkad Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Vazhachal Forest Division India A1, A2, A3
Wynaad Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Ficus amplissima[3]
Ficus benghalensis (Indian banyan)[3]
Ficus drupacea (brown-woolly fig)[3]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)1
Acridotheres fuscus (Jungle Myna)2
Acridotheres ginginianus (Bank Myna)1
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)4
Acritillas indica (Yellow-browed Bulbul)3
Alcippe poioicephala (Brown-cheeked Fulvetta)1
Anorrhinus tickelli (Brown Hornbill)1
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)2
Anthracoceros coronatus (Malabar Pied Hornbill)2
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)1
Axis axis (chital)2
Boselaphus tragocamelus (nilgai)1
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)2
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)1
Callosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)1
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)3
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)2
Columba elphinstonii (Nilgiri Wood Pigeon)1
Columba livia (Rock Pigeon)1
Copsychus saularis (Oriental Magpie-Robin)1
Coracina novaehollandiae (Black-faced Cuckooshrike)3
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)4
Corvus splendens (House Crow)2
Cuculus varius (common hawk-cuckoo)1
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)2
Dendrocitta leucogastra (White-bellied Treepie)2
Dendrocitta vagabunda (Rufous Treepie)3
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum concolor (Plain Flowerpecker)1
Dicrurus adsimilis (Fork-tailed Drongo)1
Dicrurus hottentottus (Hair-crested Drongo)1
Dicrurus paradiseus (Greater Racket-tailed Drongo)1
Dinopium benghalense (Lesser Goldenback)3
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)3
Geokichla citrina (Orange-headed Thrush)2
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)2
Hoolock hoolock hoolock (hoolock gibbon)1
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)1
Hylobates pileatus (pileated gibbon)1
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)3
Lophura ignita (Crested Fireback)1
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)3
Macaca cyclopis (Taiwan macaque)1
Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey)1
Macaca radiata (bonnet macaque)2
Macaca silenus (liontail macaque)1
Macroglossus minimus (lesser long-tongued fruit bat)1
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)3
Megalaima rubricapillus (Crimson-fronted Barbet)2
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)3
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)2
Melursus ursinus (Sloth Bear)1
Monticola solitarius (Blue Rock Thrush)1
Ocyceros birostris (Indian Grey Hornbill)1
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)4
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)2
Parus major (Great Tit)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Pastor roseus (Rosy Starling)1
Pericrocotus flammeus (Scarlet Minivet)1
Phalanger orientalis (Northern Common Cuscus)1
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)2
Psittacula columboides (Blue-winged Parakeet)3
Psittacula cyanocephala (Plum-headed Parakeet)3
Psittacula eupatria (Alexandrine Parakeet)1
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)3
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)3
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus luteolus (White-browed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus xantholaemus (Yellow-throated Bulbul)1
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)2
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)1
Rhyticeros plicatus (Papuan Hornbill)1
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)1
Rousettus amplexicaudatus (Geoffroy's rousette)1
Rousettus leschenaultii (Leschenault's rousette)1
Semnopithecus entellus (Hanuman langur)2
Streptopelia chinensis (Spotted Dove)1
Sturnia malabarica (Chestnut-tailed Starling)2
Sturnia pagodarum (Brahminy Starling)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)2
Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang)1
Trachypithecus francoisi (François's leaf monkey)1
Trachypithecus pileatus (capped leaf monkey)1
Treron phoenicopterus (Yellow-footed Green Pigeon)1
Treron pompadora (Pompadour Green Pigeon)3
Turdoides striata (Bengal jungle babbler)2
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)2
Viverricula indica (Small Indian Civet)1
Vulpes bengalensis (Bengal Fox)1

Range Map

Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access