Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Bucerotiformes > Bucerotidae > Ocyceros > Ocyceros gingalensis
 

Ocyceros gingalensis (Sri Lankan Grey Hornbill; Sri Lanka Grey Hornbill)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Sri Lanka grey hornbill (Ocyceros gingalensis) is a bird in the hornbill family and a widespread and common endemic resident breeder in Sri Lanka. Hornbills are a family of tropical near-passerine birds found in the Old World.The Sri Lanka grey hornbill is a gregarious bird found in forest habitats. It feeds mostly on figs, although occasionally it eats small rodents, reptiles and insects.
View Wikipedia Record: Ocyceros gingalensis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
8
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
26
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.84081
EDGE Score: 2.05934

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka lowland rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka montane rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka Yes

Prey / Diet

Ficus religiosa (peepul tree)[1]
Ficus trimenii[1]
Horsfieldia iriya[2]
Myristica malabarica[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres ginginianus (Bank Myna)1
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)1
Axis axis (chital)1
Boselaphus tragocamelus (nilgai)1
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)1
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)1
Cynopterus brachyotis (lesser short-nosed fruit bat)1
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)1
Dendrocitta vagabunda (Rufous Treepie)1
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)1
Funambulus layardi (Layard's palm squirrel)2
Galloperdix spadicea (Red Spurfowl)1
Gallus lafayetii (Sri Lanka Junglefowl)1
Gracula ptilogenys (Sri Lanka Hill Myna)2
Hoolock hoolock hoolock (hoolock gibbon)1
Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey)1
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)1
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)1
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)1
Melursus ursinus (Sloth Bear)1
Monticola solitarius (Blue Rock Thrush)1
Moschiola meminna (Indian spotted chevrotain)1
Ocyceros birostris (Indian Grey Hornbill)1
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)1
Pastor roseus (Rosy Starling)1
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)1
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus luteolus (White-browed Bulbul)1
Pygathrix nemaeus (Douc langur)1
Rhinoceros unicornis (Indian rhinoceros)1
Rhyticeros narcondami (Narcondam Hornbill)1
Rousettus leschenaultii (Leschenault's rousette)1
Semnopithecus entellus (Hanuman langur)1
Semnopithecus johnii (hooded leaf monkey)1
Tephrodornis pondicerianus (Common Woodshrike)1
Treron phoenicopterus (Yellow-footed Green Pigeon)1
Turdoides striata (Bengal jungle babbler)1
Zosterops palpebrosus (Oriental White-eye)1

Distribution

Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 2IDENTIFYING DIURNAL AND NOCTURNAL FRUGIVORES IN THE TERRESTRIAL AND ARBOREAL LAYERS OF A TROPICAL RAIN FOREST IN SRI LANKA, Palitha Jayasekara, Udayani Rose Weerasinghe, Siril Wijesundara & Seiki Takatsuki, ECOTROPICA 13: 7–15, 2007
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access