Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Bucerotiformes > Bucerotidae > Anthracoceros > Anthracoceros albirostris
 

Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)

Wikipedia Abstract

The oriental pied hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris) is a species of hornbill in the Bucerotidae family.It is found in the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia, ranging across Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Singapore, Thailand, Tibet, and Vietnam.Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.
View Wikipedia Record: Anthracoceros albirostris

Infraspecies

Anthracoceros albirostris albirostris (Northern pied hornbill)
Anthracoceros albirostris convexus (Southern pied hornbill)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
17
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
36
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 13.805
EDGE Score: 2.69496

Attributes

Clutch Size [1]  2

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests Myanmar, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kinabalu montane alpine meadows Malaysia Indo-Malayan Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mentawai Islands rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle subtropical forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle temperate forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran tropical pine forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans mangroves Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ao Phang Nga National Park Marine National Park II 103730 Thailand
Bach Ma National Park II 54733 Viet Nam
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Bung Kroeng Kavia Non-hunting Area   Thailand      
Buxa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary IV 23685 West Bengal, India  
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Daweishan Nature Reserve V 122415 Yunnan, China  
Doi Ang Khang Nature Reserve   Thailand      
Doi Pha Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 144177 Thailand  
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Kaeng Krachan National Park II 753452 Thailand
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Ang Ru Nai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 248699 Thailand  
Khao Khieo-Khao Chomphu Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36570 Thailand  
Khao Laem Ya - Mu Ko Samet National Park Marine National Park II 31421 Thailand
Khao Lam Pi - Hat Thai Muang National Marine Park II 17646 Thailand
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Phanom Bencha National Park II 12840 Thailand
Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park II 39512 Thailand
Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary IV 182353 Thailand  
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Khaoen Si Nakarin National Park II 459154 Thailand
Khlong Nakha Wildlife Sanctuary IV 117887 Thailand  
Khlong Phraya Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36624 Thailand  
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kutai National Park II 560076 East Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Mae Ping National Park II 259897 Thailand
Mae Sa-Kog Ma Reserve   Thailand      
Mae Tuen Wildlife Sanctuary IV 307947 Thailand  
Mae Wong National Park II 221459 Thailand
Mae Yuam Wildlife Sanctuary   Thailand      
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Mu Ko Ang Thong National Park Marine National Park II 25953 Thailand  
Mu Ko Chang National Park Marine National Park II 168511 Thailand
Mu Ko Libong Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Nam Ha National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 539941 Laos  
Nam Kong National Biodiversity Conservation Area   Laos      
Nam Nao National Park II 240993 Thailand
Namtok Mae Surin National Park II 104414 Thailand
Pang Sida National Park II 211956 Thailand
Phu Chong - Na Yoi National Park II 171322 Thailand
Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary IV 391278 Thailand  
Sai Yok National Park II 235556 Thailand
Sakaerat Environmental Research Station Biosphere Reserve 19294 Thailand  
Salak Phra Wildlife Sanctuary IV 241622 Thailand  
Salawin National Park II 400497 Thailand
Sri Satchanalai National Park II 54041 Thailand
Tanjung Puting National Park II 987160 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Tarutao National Park Marine National Park II 312077 Thailand  
Tasek Bera Forest Reserve   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Thap Lan National Park II 550979 Thailand
Thung Salaeng Luang National Park II 315222 Thailand
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 619152 Thailand  
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No

Prey / Diet

Cinnamomum subavenium[2]
Combretum acuminatum[2]
Cryptocarya impressa[2]
Dysoxylum cyrtobotryum[2]
Dysoxylum densiflorum[2]
Ficus altissima (false banyan)[3]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[3]
Ficus drupacea (brown-woolly fig)[3]
Ficus kerkhoveni[3]
Ficus kurzii[3]
Ficus pisocarpa[3]
Ficus subcordata[3]
Ficus superba (Sea Fig)[3]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[3]
Horsfieldia glabra[2]
Polyalthia laui[2]
Polyalthia viridis[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aceros cassidix (Knobbed Hornbill)3
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)5
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)5
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)5
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)4
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)3
Anorrhinus tickelli (Brown Hornbill)6
Anorrhinus tickelli austeni (White-throated Brown Hornbill)7
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)5
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)11
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)5
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)3
Callosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel)4
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)3
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)4
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)7
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)7
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)3
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)8
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)4
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)6
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)4
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)6
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)3
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)4
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)4
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)8
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)10
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)3
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)4
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)7
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)8
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)5
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)5
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)5
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)5
Macaca nemestrina (pigtail macaque)4
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)9
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)7
Megalaima faiostricta (Green-eared Barbet)5
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)3
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)3
Megalaima incognita (Moustached Barbet)3
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)5
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)6
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)4
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)5
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)3
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)5
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)5
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)3
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)3
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)5
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)5
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)6
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)5
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)4
Ratufa affinis (pale giant squirrel)3
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)8
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)5
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)12
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)7
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)9
Treron olax (Little Green Pigeon)3
Tricholestes criniger (Hairy-backed Bulbul)3
Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew)3

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Biological Park Itanagar
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.convexus
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
Giza Zoological Garden
HeverJardin d'Oiseaux Tropicauxconvexus
Jurong Birdpark, Singaporealbirostris
 convexus
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Lion Country Safari Inc - Floridaalbirostris
Mesker Park Zooalbirostris
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Parco Natura Vivaconvexus
Prospect Park Zooalbirostris
Taipei Zooconvexus

Distribution

Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 2AN ASSESSMENT OF FOOD OVERLAP BETWEEN GIBBONS AND HORNBILLS, Chuti-on Kanwatanakid-Savini and Pilai Poonswad, Tommaso Savini, THE RAFFLES BULLETIN OF ZOOLOGY 2009 57(1): 189–198 3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access