Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Bucerotiformes > Bucerotidae > Anthracoceros > Anthracoceros malayanus

Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)

Wikipedia Abstract

The black hornbill (Anthracoceros malayanus) is a species of bird of the hornbill family Bucerotidae. It lives in Asia in Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand.
View Wikipedia Record: Anthracoceros malayanus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 13.8522
EDGE Score: 3.3913


Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [1]  80 %
Diet - Invertibrates [1]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [1]  60 %
Forages - Understory [1]  20 %
Forages - Ground [1]  20 %
Clutch Size [2]  2


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Bukit Tigah Puluh National Park 360578 Sumatra, Indonesia
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Niut Wildlife Reserve Nature Reserve IV 409109 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khlong Nakha Wildlife Sanctuary IV 117887 Thailand  
Khlong Phraya Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36624 Thailand  
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kutai National Park II 560076 East Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Pasoh Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Tanjung Puting National Park II 987160 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Thaleban National Park Marine National Park II 49715 Thailand
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No

Prey / Diet

Ficus acamptophylla[3]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[3]
Ficus binnendykii[3]
Ficus bracteata[3]
Ficus callophylla[3]
Ficus caulocarpa[3]
Ficus consociata[3]
Ficus crassiramea[3]
Ficus crassiramea subsp. crassiramea[3]
Ficus crassiramea subsp. stupenda[3]
Ficus cucurbitina[3]
Ficus delosyce[3]
Ficus drupacea (brown-woolly fig)[3]
Ficus dubia[3]
Ficus kerkhoveni[3]
Ficus parietalis[3]
Ficus pellucidopunctata[3]
Ficus pisocarpa[3]
Ficus ruginervia[3]
Ficus stricta[3]
Ficus subcordata[3]
Ficus subgelderi[3]
Ficus sumatrana[3]
Ficus sundaica[3]
Ficus trichocarpa[3]
Ficus villosa[3]
Ficus virens[3]
Ficus xylophylla[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acerodon jubatus (golden-capped fruit bat)3
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)14
Aceros waldeni (Walden's Hornbill)13
Aegithina viridissima (Green Iora)3
Alcippe brunneicauda (Brown Fulvetta)6
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)13
Alophoixus finschii (Finsch's Bulbul)5
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)11
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)19
Anorrhinus tickelli (Brown Hornbill)3
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)5
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)7
Berenicornis comatus (White-crowned Hornbill)5
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)3
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)22
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)5
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)8
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)16
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)24
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)25
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)22
Chalcophaps indica (Common Emerald Dove)4
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)13
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)19
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)24
Corvus enca (Slender-billed Crow)4
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)4
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)12
Dicaeum concolor (Nilgiri Flowerpecker)7
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)10
Ducula aenea (Green Imperial Pigeon)3
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)5
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)5
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)16
Hemixos flavala (Ashy Bulbul)3
Hylobates agilis (agile gibbon)4
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)15
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)4
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)15
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)3
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)23
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)9
Lophura ignita (Crested Fireback)3
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)8
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)19
Macaca nemestrina (pigtail macaque)4
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)24
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)22
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)3
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)19
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)24
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)15
Oriolus xanthonotus (Dark-throated Oriole)7
Platysmurus leucopterus (Black Magpie)6
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)18
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)10
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)16
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)9
Prionochilus xanthopygius (Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker)8
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)3
Ptilinopus jambu (Jambu Fruit Dove)6
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)10
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)22
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)11
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)12
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)18
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)7
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)8
Pycnonotus squamatus (Scaly-breasted Bulbul)3
Ratufa affinis (pale giant squirrel)8
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)12
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)14
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)13
Sundasciurus tenuis (slender squirrel)4
Sus barbatus (bearded pig)3
Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang)11
Trachypithecus obscurus (dusky leaf monkey)7
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)16
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)22
Treron olax (Little Green Pigeon)6
Tricholestes criniger (Hairy-backed Bulbul)9
Tupaia glis (Common Treeshrew)6
Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew)10

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Burger's Zoo
Colchester Zoo
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
HeverJardin d'Oiseaux Tropicaux
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Mill Mountain Zoo
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc des Oiseaux
San Diego Wild Animal Park
Taipei Zoo
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo Melaka
Zoological Society of London
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologischer Garten Saarbruecken


Southern Asia;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access