Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Bucerotiformes > Bucerotidae > Buceros > Buceros rhinoceros
 

Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)

Wikipedia Abstract

The rhinoceros hornbill (Buceros rhinoceros) is one of the largest hornbills, adults being approximately the size of a swan, 91–122 cm (36–48 in) long and weighing 2–3 kg (4.4–6.6 lb). In captivity it can live for up to 90 years.
View Wikipedia Record: Buceros rhinoceros

Infraspecies

Buceros rhinoceros borneoensis (Rhinoceros hornbill)
Buceros rhinoceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros hornbill)
Buceros rhinoceros silvestris (Rhinoceros hornbill)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
17
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
48
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 13.4025
EDGE Score: 3.36055

Attributes

Male Weight [2]  5.69 lbs (2.58 kg)
Clutch Size [1]  1

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo montane rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kinabalu montane alpine meadows Malaysia Indo-Malayan Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran lowland rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran tropical pine forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Batang Ai National Park II 62638 Sarawak, Malaysia
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Budo-Sungai Padi National Park II 84766 Thailand  
Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park II 836773 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Bukit Tigah Puluh National Park 360578 Sumatra, Indonesia
Cibodas Biosphere Reserve (Gunung Gede-Pangrango) 142165 Java, Indonesia      
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Niut Wildlife Reserve Nature Reserve IV 409109 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Hala Bala Wildlife Sanctuary IV 101344 Thailand  
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary IV 309428 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kutai National Park II 560076 East Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Pasoh Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Sungai Lalang Forest Reserve Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Tabin Wildlife Reserve IV 275051 Sabah, Malaysia  
Tanjung Puting National Park II 987160 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Thaleban National Park Marine National Park II 49715 Thailand
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Ulu Temburong National Park II 123279 Brunei Darussalam  
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No

Emblem of

Malaysia

Prey / Diet

Ficus acamptophylla[3]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[3]
Ficus binnendykii[3]
Ficus bracteata[3]
Ficus crassiramea[3]
Ficus crassiramea subsp. crassiramea[3]
Ficus crassiramea subsp. stupenda[3]
Ficus cucurbitina[3]
Ficus delosyce[3]
Ficus drupacea (brown-woolly fig)[3]
Ficus dubia[3]
Ficus eximia[3]
Ficus forstenii[3]
Ficus kerkhoveni[3]
Ficus pellucido-punctata[3]
Ficus pisocarpa[3]
Ficus subcordata[3]
Ficus subgelderi[3]
Ficus sumatrana[3]
Ficus sundaica[3]
Ficus trichocarpa[3]
Ficus villosa[3]
Ficus virens[3]
Ficus xylophylla[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acerodon jubatus (golden-capped fruit bat)3
Aceros cassidix (Knobbed Hornbill)3
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)14
Aceros waldeni (Walden's Hornbill)10
Aegithina viridissima (Green Iora)3
Alcippe brunneicauda (Brown Fulvetta)5
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)9
Alophoixus finschii (Finsch's Bulbul)3
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)9
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)16
Anorrhinus tickelli (Brown Hornbill)3
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)5
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)22
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)7
Berenicornis comatus (White-crowned Hornbill)5
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)3
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)5
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)7
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)12
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)20
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)20
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)17
Chalcophaps indica (Common Emerald Dove)3
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)11
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)16
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)20
Corvus enca (Slender-billed Crow)4
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)4
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)11
Dicaeum concolor (Plain Flowerpecker)6
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)8
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)5
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)4
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)13
Hemixos flavala (Ashy Bulbul)3
Hylobates agilis (agile gibbon)4
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)13
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)3
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)13
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)3
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)20
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)7
Lophura ignita (Crested Fireback)3
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)7
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)15
Macaca nemestrina (pigtail macaque)4
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)20
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)19
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)3
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)16
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)19
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)12
Oriolus xanthonotus (Dark-throated Oriole)5
Platysmurus leucopterus (Black Magpie)6
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)16
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)9
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)13
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)9
Prionochilus xanthopygius (Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker)7
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)3
Ptilinopus jambu (Jambu Fruit Dove)6
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)7
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)17
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)9
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)10
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)13
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)6
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)7
Pycnonotus squamatus (Scaly-breasted Bulbul)3
Ratufa affinis (pale giant squirrel)7
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)9
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)15
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)11
Sundasciurus tenuis (slender squirrel)4
Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang)9
Trachypithecus obscurus (dusky leaf monkey)6
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)13
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)18
Treron olax (Little Green Pigeon)4
Tricholestes criniger (Hairy-backed Bulbul)7
Tupaia glis (Common Treeshrew)5
Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew)8

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Audubon Zoo
 silvestris
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
 borneoensis
Colchester Zoorhinoceros
Dallas World Aquarium
 silvestris
Dallas Zoosilvestris
Denver Zoological Gardens
 rhinoceros
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
El Paso Zoosilvestris
HeverJardin d'Oiseaux Tropicauxsilvestris
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Houston Zoo, Inc.silvestris
Jurong Birdpark, Singaporeborneoensis
 rhinoceros
 silvestris
Khao Kheow Open Zoorhinoceros
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardensborneoensis
 silvestris
Minnesota Zoological Gardenborneoensis
 silvestris
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Parkrhinoceros
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
 borneoensis
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
 silvestris
North of England Zoological Societysilvestris
Parc des Oiseauxsilvestris
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Phoenix Zoo
 silvestris
Riverbanks Zoo and Gardensilvestris
Rostock Zoologischer Gartensilvestris
Saint Louis Zoological Parksilvestris
Saitama Children's Zoo
San Diego Wild Animal Park
 silvestris
San Diego Zoo
 silvestris
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens
Singapore Zoological Gardensrhinoceros
 silvestris
Songkhla Zoo
St. Catherine's Wildlife Center
 silvestris
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaiensilvestris
The Philadelphia Zooborneoensis
 silvestris
Toledo Zoological Gardens
 borneoensis
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifaunasilvestris
Zoo Melaka
Zoo Parc de Beauvalsilvestris
Zoological Garden Praguesilvestris
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding

Distribution

Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 2Kemp, A. 1995. The Hornbills. Oxford: Oxford University Press 3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access