Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Bucerotiformes > Bucerotidae > Anorrhinus > Anorrhinus galeritus
 

Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)

Wikipedia Abstract

The bushy-crested hornbill (Anorrhinus galeritus) is a bird in the hornbill family. It is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Thailand.Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.
View Wikipedia Record: Anorrhinus galeritus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
22
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
40
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 17.262
EDGE Score: 2.90482

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.62 lbs (1.19 kg)
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  20 %
Diet - Fruit [2]  60 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  10 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  50 %
Forages - Understory [2]  30 %
Forages - Ground [2]  10 %
Clutch Size [3]  2
Incubation [1]  30 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo montane rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kinabalu montane alpine meadows Malaysia Indo-Malayan Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran lowland rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran tropical pine forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Batang Ai National Park II 62638 Sarawak, Malaysia
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Budo-Sungai Padi National Park II 84766 Thailand  
Bukit Tigah Puluh National Park 360578 Sumatra, Indonesia
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Niut Wildlife Reserve Nature Reserve IV 409109 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary IV 309428 Thailand  
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Phanom Bencha National Park II 12840 Thailand
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Sok National Park II 159284 Thailand
Khlong Nakha Wildlife Sanctuary IV 117887 Thailand  
Khlong Phraya Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36624 Thailand  
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kutai National Park II 560076 East Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Pasoh Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Si Phang Nga National Park II 60672 Thailand
Sungai Lalang Forest Reserve Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Tabin Wildlife Reserve IV 275051 Sabah, Malaysia  
Tanjung Puting National Park II 987160 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Thaleban National Park Marine National Park II 49715 Thailand
Ton Nga Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 45094 Thailand  
Ulu Temburong National Park II 123279 Brunei Darussalam  
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No

Prey / Diet

Ficus acamptophylla[4]
Ficus altissima (false banyan)[4]
Ficus caulocarpa[4]
Ficus consociata[4]
Ficus crassiramea[4]
Ficus crassiramea subsp. crassiramea[4]
Ficus crassiramea subsp. stupenda[4]
Ficus cucurbitina[4]
Ficus delosyce[4]
Ficus dubia[4]
Ficus forstenii[4]
Ficus kerkhoveni[4]
Ficus parietalis[4]
Ficus pellucido-punctata[4]
Ficus pisocarpa[4]
Ficus ruginervia[4]
Ficus sumatrana[4]
Ficus sundaica[4]
Ficus trichocarpa[4]
Ficus virens[4]
Ficus xylophylla[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aceros cassidix (Knobbed Hornbill)2
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)11
Aceros waldeni (Walden's Hornbill)11
Aegithina viridissima (Green Iora)2
Alcippe brunneicauda (Brown Fulvetta)3
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)8
Alophoixus finschii (Finsch's Bulbul)3
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)2
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)9
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)3
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)19
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)4
Berenicornis comatus (White-crowned Hornbill)3
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)16
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)4
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)6
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)11
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)18
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)18
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)16
Chalcophaps indica (Common Emerald Dove)3
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)9
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)15
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)16
Corvus enca (Slender-billed Crow)3
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)4
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)8
Dicaeum concolor (Plain Flowerpecker)5
Dicaeum everetti (Brown-backed Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)8
Ducula aenea (Green Imperial Pigeon)2
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)4
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)3
Geokichla interpres (Chestnut-capped Thrush)2
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)12
Helarctos malayanus (Sun bear)2
Hemixos flavala (Ashy Bulbul)2
Hylobates agilis (agile gibbon)4
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)10
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)3
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)12
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)18
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)4
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)8
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)17
Macaca nemestrina (pigtail macaque)2
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)18
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)18
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)16
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)18
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)9
Melanochlora sultanea (Sultan Tit)2
Muntiacus atherodes (Bornean yellow muntjac)2
Oriolus xanthonotus (Dark-throated Oriole)6
Pericrocotus igneus (Fiery Minivet)2
Petaurista petaurista (red giant flying squirrel)2
Platysmurus leucopterus (Black Magpie)5
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)15
Presbytis melalophos (mitred leaf monkey)2
Presbytis rubicunda (red leaf monkey)2
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)8
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)13
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)6
Prionochilus xanthopygius (Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker)6
Ptilinopus jambu (Jambu Fruit Dove)6
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)8
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)17
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)9
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)9
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)12
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)6
Pycnonotus squamatus (Scaly-breasted Bulbul)3
Ratufa affinis (pale giant squirrel)7
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)9
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)13
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)9
Sundasciurus tenuis (slender squirrel)2
Sus barbatus (bearded pig)2
Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang)9
Trachypithecus obscurus (dusky leaf monkey)5
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)11
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)16
Treron olax (Little Green Pigeon)3
Tricholestes criniger (Hairy-backed Bulbul)4
Tupaia glis (Common Treeshrew)6
Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew)7

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari

Distribution

Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access