Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Procellariiformes > Diomedeidae > Thalassarche > Thalassarche melanophris
 

Thalassarche melanophris (Black-browed Albatross)

Synonyms: Diomedea melanophris; Thalassarche melanophris melanophris; Thalassarche melanophrys
Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The black-browed albatross (Thalassarche melanophris), also known as the black-browed mollymawk, is a large seabird of the albatross family Diomedeidae; it is the most widespread and common member of its family.
View Wikipedia Record: Thalassarche melanophris

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
6
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
57
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.34094
EDGE Score: 3.92647

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  7.13 lbs (3.23 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  258 grams
Female Maturity [4]  8 years
Male Maturity [4]  8 years
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Fish [3]  50 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  50 %
Forages - Water Surface [3]  80 %
Forages - Underwater [3]  20 %
Clutch Size [2]  1
Incubation [4]  68 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  44 years
Migration [5]  Intercontinental
Wing Span [6]  7.2 feet (2.2 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Antipodes Subantarctic Islands tundra Australia, New Zealand Australasia Tundra    
Chilean matorral Chile Neotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Magellanic subpolar forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Patagonian steppe Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Scotia Sea Islands tundra United Kingdom Antarctic Tundra    
Southern Indian Ocean Islands tundra South Africa, France, Australia Antarctic Tundra    
Tristan Da Cunha-Gough Islands shrub and grasslands United Kingdom Afrotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bañados del Este Wetland Reserve 986054 Uruguay  
Coorong National Park II 121235 South Australia, Australia
Flinders Chase National Park II 81245 South Australia, Australia
Lavinia Nature Reserve State Reserve II 17390 Tasmania, Australia    
Los Glaciares National Park II 1329020 Santa Cruz, Argentina
Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Ia 233540 Tasmania, Australia  
Maria Island National Park II 28488 Tasmania, Australia
Palmer LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Antarctica    
Parque Nacional Laguna San Rafael National Park II 4560904 Aisén, Chile  
Table Mountain (Cape Peninsula) National Park II 70141 Western Cape, South Africa
Tierra Del Fuego National Park II 172861 Argentina
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  
West Coast National Park II 59916 Western Cape, South Africa
Wilson's Promontory National Park II 119279 Victoria, Australia

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Île de l'Est French Southern Territories A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Île des Pingouins French Southern Territories A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Îles des Apôtres French Southern Territories A1, A4ii, A4iii    
Îles Nuageuses and Île Clugny French Southern Territories A1, A2, A4ii, A4iii  
Beauchêne Island Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4ii, A4iii  
Bird Island Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4ii
Heard and McDonald Islands Heard Island and McDonald Islands (to Australia) A1, A4ii, A4iii  
Hope Harbour, West Falkland Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4ii  
Jason Islands Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4ii, A4iii    
Keppel Island Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2  
New Island Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Northern part of Péninsule Loranchet French Southern Territories A1, A2, A4ii, A4iii  
Reserva Nacional de Paracas Peru A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4ii
Saunders Island Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Southern coast of Péninsule Jeanne d'Arc French Southern Territories A1, A4ii, A4iii
Villa marítima El Cóndor Argentina A1
West Point Island Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4ii, A4iii  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
New Zealand New Zealand No

Prey / Diet

Adelieledone polymorpha[7]
Aega semicarinata[7]
Alluroteuthis antarctica[8]
Ancistrocheirus lesueurii (sharpear enope squid)[7]
Antimora rostrata (flatnose codling)[7]
Arcturides cornutus[7]
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)[7]
Cassidinopsis emarginata[9]
Champsocephalus gunnari (Mackerel icefish)[9]
Channichthys rhinoceratus (Unicorn icefish)[9]
Chiroteuthis veranii (Long-armed Squid)[7]
Cyllopus magellanicus[7]
Dissostichus eleginoides (Patagonsky klykach)[9]
Electrona antarctica (Lanternfish)[7]
Eleginus gracilis (Wachna cod)[7]
Euphausia superba (Antarctic krill)[10]
Euphausia vallentini[7]
Filippovia knipovitchi (Smooth Hooked Squid)[7]
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)[7]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[7]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[7]
Gaimardia trapesina[7]
Geotria australis (Lamprey)[7]
Gobionotothen acuta (Triangular rockcod)[7]
Guttigadus kongi (Austral cod)[7]
Gymnoscopelus bolini (Lanternfish)[7]
Gymnoscopelus fraseri (Lanternfish)[7]
Halicarcinus planatus[9]
Harpagifer spinosus (Deep-water spiny plunderfish)[7]
Histioteuthis eltaninae[8]
Histioteuthis macrohista[7]
Icichthys australis (Ragfish)[7]
Illex argentinus (Argentine Shortfin Squid)[8]
Kondakovia longimana (Giant Warty Squid)[8]
Krefftichthys anderssoni (Anderson's lanternfish)[7]
Lepas australis[7]
Lepidonotothen squamifrons (Grey rockcod)[9]
Lindbergichthys mizops (Toad notie)[9]
Loligo vulgaris (European Squid)[7]
Macrourus holotrachys (Bigeye grenadier)[7]
Macruronus magellanicus (Patagonian whiphake)[7]
Macruronus novaezelandiae (Whiptail hake)[7]
Magnisudis prionosa (Southern barracudina)[7]
Mancopsetta maculata (Flounder)[9]
Margarella expansa[7]
Martialia hyadesi (sevenstar flying squid)[7]
Metelectrona ventralis (Flaccid lanternfish)[7]
Micromesistius australis (Southern poutassou)[7]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[7]
Muraenolepis marmorata (Marbled parketnik)[9]
Muusoctopus thielei[9]
Neognathophausia gigas[7]
Neognathophausia ingens[7]
Notothenia cyanobrancha (Blue rockcod)[9]
Notothenia rossii (Marbled rockcod)[9]
Nototheniops larseni (Painted notie)[7]
Ommastrephes bartramii (red flying squid)[7]
Onykia ingens (warty squid)[7]
Pachyptila desolata (Antarctic Prion)[7]
Paradiplospinus gracilis (Slender escolar)[7]
Paranotothenia magellanica (Orange throat notothen)[9]
Patagonotothen guntheri (Yellowfin notothen)[7]
Platynereis australis[7]
Pleurogrammus azonus (Okhotsk atka mackerel)[7]
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)[7]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[7]
Protomyctophum bolini (Lanternfish)[7]
Pseudochaenichthys georgianus (South Georgia icefish)[7]
Pseudophycis bachus (Southern rockcod)[7]
Sebastes oculatus (Blackbelly rosefish)[7]
Septemserolis septemcarinata[7]
Serolis cornuta[9]
Slosarczykovia circumantarctica[7]
Spinoserolis latifrons[7]
Themisto gaudichaudii[11]
Todarodes angolensis (Angola flying squid)[7]
Todarodes sagittatus (European flying squid)[7]
Vibilia antarctica[7]
Zanclorhynchus spinifer (Antarctic horsefish)[9]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aphrodroma brevirostris (Kerguelen Petrel)1
Aptenodytes forsteri (Emperor Penguin)4
Aptenodytes patagonicus (King Penguin)2
Arctocephalus gazella (Antarctic Fur Seal)3
Arctocephalus tropicalis (Subantarctic Fur Seal)3
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)1
Cephalorhynchus commersonii (Commerson's Dolphin)1
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)1
Daption capense (Cape Petrel)4
Diomedea epomophora (Royal Albatross)1
Diomedea exulans (Wandering Albatross)4
Dissostichus eleginoides (Patagonsky klykach)3
Electrona antarctica (Lanternfish)1
Electrona carlsbergi (Electron subantarctic)2
Eudyptes chrysocome (Rockhopper Penguin)1
Eudyptes chrysolophus (Macaroni Penguin)4
Fregetta tropica (Black-bellied Storm Petrel)1
Fulmarus glacialoides (Southern Fulmar)3
Galeorhinus galeus (Vitamin shark)1
Garrodia nereis (Grey-backed Storm Petrel)1
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)3
Gymnoscopelus braueri (Lanternfish)2
Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Nichol's lanternfish)2
Halobaena caerulea (Blue Petrel)2
Hydrurga leptonyx (Leopard seal)1
Hyperoodon planifrons (Southern Bottlenose Whale)3
Kogia breviceps (Pygmy Sperm Whale)1
Kogia sima (Dwarf Sperm Whale)1
Lagenorhynchus australis (Peale's Dolphin)1
Lagenorhynchus cruciger (Hourglass Dolphin)1
Lagenorhynchus obscurus (Dusky Dolphin)1
Larus dominicanus (Kelp Gull)1
Lepidonotothen squamifrons (Grey rockcod)1
Leptonychotes weddellii (Weddell Seal)2
Leucocarbo atriceps (imperial shag)3
Lobodon carcinophaga (Crabeater Seal)2
Macronectes giganteus (Southern Giant Petrel)4
Macronectes halli (Northern Giant Petrel)3
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)3
Mirounga leonina (Southern Elephant Seal)6
Notothenia microlepidota (Black cod)1
Oceanites oceanicus (Wilson's Storm-Petrel)2
Ommatophoca rossii (Ross Seal)2
Pachyptila belcheri (Slender-billed Prion)1
Pachyptila desolata (Antarctic Prion)2
Pachyptila salvini (Salvin's Prion)1
Pachyptila turtur (Fairy Prion)2
Pagodroma nivea (Snow Petrel)4
Pelecanoides georgicus (South Georgia Diving Petrel)1
Pelecanoides urinatrix (Common Diving Petrel)2
Phoebetria fusca (Sooty Albatross)2
Phoebetria palpebrata (Light-mantled Albatross)6
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)2
Polyprion americanus (Wreck-fish)1
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)1
Procellaria aequinoctialis (White-chinned Petrel)2
Pterodroma macroptera (Great-winged Petrel)1
Pterodroma mollis (Soft-plumaged Petrel)1
Pygoscelis adeliae (Adelie Penguin)3
Pygoscelis antarcticus (Chinstrap Penguin)1
Pygoscelis papua (Gentoo Penguin)9
Stercorarius maccormicki (South Polar Skua)1
Sterna vittata (Antarctic Tern)1
Thalassarche chrysostoma (Grey-headed Albatross)6
Thalassoica antarctica (Antarctic Petrel)4
Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin-tuna)1
Thyrsites atun (snake mackerel)1
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)1
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)1

Predators

Phalcoboenus australis (Striated Caracara)[12]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Docophoroides simplex[7]
Notiopsylla kerguelensis kerguelensis[13]
Paraclisis diomedeae[7]
Parapsyllus longicornis[13]
Parapsyllus magellanicus[7]
Perineus circumfasciatus[7]

Range Map

Cape Peninsula National Park; North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Black-browed Albatross (Thalassarche melanophris), Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels - www.acap.aq
5Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
6Gust soaring as a basis for the flight of petrels and albatrosses (Procellariiformes), Colin J. Pennycuick, Avian Science Vol. 2 No. 1: (2002)
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
9Food and feeding ecology of the neritic-slope forager black-browed albatross and its relationships with commercial fisheries in Kerguelen waters, Yves Cherel, Henri Weimerskirch, Colette Trouve, MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES, Vol. 207: 183–199, 2000
10DENSITIES OF ANTARCTIC SEABIRDS AT SEA AND THE PRESENCE OF THE KRILL EUPHAUSIA SUPERBA, BRYAN S. OBST, The Auk 102: 540-549. July 1985
11Amphipod-based food web: Themisto gaudichaudii caught in nets and by seabirds in Kerguelen waters, southern Indian Ocean, Pierrick Bocher, Yves Cherel, Jean-Philippe Labat, Patrick Mayzaud, Suzanne Razouls, Pierre Jouventin, Marine Ecology Progress Series, Vol. 223: 261–276, 2001
12Population growth and density, diet and breeding success of striated caracaras Phalcoboenus australis on New Island, Falkland Islands, Paulo Catry, Miguel Lecoq, Ian J. Strange, Polar Biology Volume 31, Number 10, 1167-1174
13International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access