Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Cotingidae > Tityra > Tityra semifasciata
 

Tityra semifasciata (Masked Tityra)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Masked Tityra (Tityra semifasciata) is a medium-sized passerine bird. It has traditionally been placed in the cotinga or the tyrant flycatcher family, but evidence strongly suggest it is better placed in Tityridae, where now placed by SACC. It is found in forest and woodland from Mexico, through Central America, to northwestern and central South America (as far south as Paraguay). It has a black-and-whitish plumage, and a distinct red eye-ring and base of the bill.
View Wikipedia Record: Tityra semifasciata

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
13
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
32
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.4114
EDGE Score: 2.43461

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  80 grams
Clutch Size [2]  2

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Bolivian Yungas Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Catatumbo moist forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American montane forests Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Chiapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chimalapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera La Costa montane forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Cordillera real montane forests Ecuador, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Panamanian montane forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ecuadorian dry forests Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jalisco dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lara-Falcón dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Andean montane forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Oaxacan montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peruvian Yungas Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Santa Marta montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Pacific dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Venezuelan Andes montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Ecuador moist forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Cerro Corá National Park II 31326 Paraguay  
Chiquibul Forest Reserve VI 148670 Belize  
Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary IV 122962 Belize
Columbia River Forest Reserve VI 149053 Belize  
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Cordillera Azul National Park 3367365 Huanuco, Peru  
Cordillera Volcanica Central Forest Reserve VI 150571 Costa Rica  
Dzilam de Bravo Wetland Reserve 149170 Yucatan, Mexico    
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Jaú National Park II 5890355 Amazonas, Brazil  
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
La Selva Biological Station Protective Zone VI 6052 Costa Rica
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Maya Multiple Use Area 1156412 Guatemala  
Montecristo National Park IV 9237 El Salvador  
Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve VI 814711 Chiapas, Mexico  
Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve   Costa Rica  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Parque Nacional Henri Pittier National Park 218030 Venezuela  
Podocarpus National Park II 364096 Ecuador  
Rara Avis Rainforest Reserve 3163 Costa Rica
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve   Honduras      
Refugio de Vida Silvestre Reserva Karen Mogensen F. Nature Reserve 1866 Costa Rica  
Reserva Cuzco Amazonico   Peru      
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva Natural Tambito   Colombia      
Sarstoon Temash National Park II 42082 Belize  
Shipstern Nature Reserve IV 20453 Belize
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Tikal National Park II 142943 Guatemala

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Acnistus arborescens (hollowheart)[3]
Casearia corymbosa[4]
Cupania glabra (florida cupania)[3]
Ficus aurea (Florida strangler fig)[5]
Ficus cotinifolia[5]
Ficus pertusa[5]
Guarea glabra (alligatorwood)[6]
Hampea appendiculata[3]
Matayba apetala subsp. oppositifolia (cobywood)[3]
Sapium oligoneuron[3]
Tetragastris panamensis[7]
Virola sebifera (virola)[8]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alouatta palliata (mantled howler monkey)3
Alouatta pigra (Mexican black howler monkey)2
Amazona finschi (Lilac-crowned Parrot)2
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)2
Artibeus lituratus (great fruit-eating bat)2
Artibeus toltecus (Toltec fruit-eating bat)2
Aulacorhynchus prasinus (Emerald Toucanet)6
Brotogeris jugularis (Orange-chinned Parakeet)2
Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush)2
Cebus capucinus (white-faced capuchin)2
Chiroxiphia linearis (Long-tailed Manakin)5
Chlorophonia callophrys (Golden-browed Chlorophonia)2
Chlorospingus ophthalmicus (Common Bush-Tanager)2
Cyanerpes cyaneus (Red-legged Honeycreeper)2
Dacnis venusta (Scarlet-thighed Dacnis)2
Dives dives (Melodious Blackbird)2
Elaenia flavogaster (Yellow-bellied Elaenia)2
Elaenia frantzii (Mountain Elaenia)5
Euphonia affinis (Scrub Euphonia)2
Euphonia hirundinacea (Yellow-throated Euphonia)3
Euphonia luteicapilla (Yellow-crowned Euphonia)3
Hylocichla mustelina (Wood Thrush)2
Icterus galbula (Northern Oriole)3
Icterus gularis (Altamira Oriole)2
Megarynchus pitangua (Boat-billed Flycatcher)5
Melanerpes aurifrons (Golden-fronted Woodpecker)5
Momotus momota (Blue-crowned Motmot)3
Myiarchus nuttingi (Nutting's Flycatcher)2
Myiarchus tuberculifer (Dusky-capped Flycatcher)2
Myiodynastes maculatus (Streaked Flycatcher)2
Myiozetetes similis (Social Flycatcher)5
Patagioenas fasciata (Band-tailed Pigeon)3
Patagioenas flavirostris (Red-billed Pigeon)2
Penelope purpurascens (Crested Guan)2
Pharomachrus mocinno (Resplendent Quetzal)2
Piculus rubiginosus (Golden-olive Woodpecker)2
Piranga rubra (Summer Tanager)2
Procnias tricarunculatus (Three-wattled Bellbird)2
Psilorhinus morio (Brown Jay)5
Pteroglossus torquatus (Collared Aracari)5
Querula purpurata (Purple-throated Fruitcrow)3
Ramphastos sulfuratus (Keel-billed Toucan)6
Ramphastos swainsonii (Chestnut-mandibled Toucan)2
Saimiri sciureus (South American squirrel monkey)2
Sciurus granatensis (red-tailed squirrel)2
Thraupis episcopus (Blue-grey Tanager)3
Trogon citreolus (Citreoline Trogon)2
Trogon massena (Slaty-tailed Trogon)3
Turdus assimilis (White-throated Thrush)3
Turdus grayi (Clay-colored Thrush)2
Turdus plebejus (Mountain Thrush)7
Tyrannus dominicensis (Grey Kingbird)2
Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo)3

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2006-11-29, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Determinants of tree species preference of birds in oak–acacia woodlands of Central America, Russell Greenberg and Peter Bichier, Journal of Tropical Ecology (2005) 21:57–66. 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3Tropical Fruit-Eating Birds and Their Food Plants: A Survey of a Costa Rican Lower Montane Forest, Nathaniel T. Wheelwright, William A. Haber, K. Greg Murray, Carlos Guindon, Biotropica Vol. 16, No. 3 (Sep., 1984), pp. 173-192 4Fecundity and Seed Dispersal of a Tropical Tree, Henry F. Howe and Gayle A. Vande Kerckhove, Ecology, 60(1), 1979, pp. 180-189 5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 6Fruit Production, Migrant Bird Visitation, and Seed Dispersal of Guarea glabra in Panama, Henry F. Howe and Diane De Steven, Oecologia (Berl.) 39, 185-196 (1979) 7MONKEY DISPERSAL AND WASTE OF A NEOTROPICAL FRUIT, Henry F. Howe, Ecology, 61(4), 1980, pp. 944-959 8DISPERSAL OF A NEOTROPICAL NUTMEG (VIROLA SEBIFERA) BY BIRDS, HENRY F. HOWE, The Auk 98: 88-98. January1981
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Ridgely, R. S., T. F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D. K. McNicol, D. W. Mehlman, B. E. Young, and J. R. Zook. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access