Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Bucerotiformes > Bucorvidae > Bucorvus > Bucorvus abyssinicus

Bucorvus abyssinicus (Northern Ground Hornbill; Abyssinian Ground Hornbill)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Abyssinian ground hornbill or northern ground hornbill (Bucorvus abyssinicus) is one of two species of ground hornbill. The other is the southern ground hornbill.The Abyssinian ground hornbill is an African bird, found north of the equator. Groups of ground hornbills have territories of 2–100 square miles. They are diurnal.In captivity, they can live 35–40 years.
View Wikipedia Record: Bucorvus abyssinicus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 19.0583
EDGE Score: 2.99864


Adult Weight [1]  8.82 lbs (4.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  95.3 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  40 %
Diet - Fruit [2]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  30 %
Diet - Scavenger [2]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  10 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Clutch Size [4]  2
Incubation [3]  39 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  40 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Foret Classee de Samba Dia Classified Forest VI   Senegal  
Garamba National Park II 1237963 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National de Waza National Park II 349858 Cameroon  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Radom National Park II   Sudan  
Reserve de la Biosphere de la Pendjari Biosphere Reserve 217453 Benin  
The W Region National Park II 549843 Niger  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No


Parasitized by 
Paruterina daouensis <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Albuquerque Biological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
America's Teaching Zoo
Apenheul Primate Park
Burger's Zoo
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Copenhagen Zoo
Dallas Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Ellen Trout Zoo
Exmoor Zoological Park
Flamingo Land LTD
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Mesker Park Zoo
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Montgomery Zoo
Mountain View Conservation & Breeding
Natural Encounters, Inc.
North Carolina Zoological Park
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Parc de Lunaret
Parc des Oiseaux
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Sacramento Zoo
Safari West
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Park
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Sedgwick County Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tbilisi Zoo
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Toronto Zoo
Twycross Zoo
Umgeni River Bird Park
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wildlife World Zoo
Wilhelma Zoo
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Parc Overloon
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublin
Zoological Society of London
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding





Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access