Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Bucerotiformes > Bucorvidae > Bucorvus > Bucorvus leadbeateri
 

Bucorvus leadbeateri (Southern Ground Hornbill)

Wikipedia Abstract

The southern ground hornbill (Bucorvus leadbeateri; formerly known as Bucorvus cafer), is one of two species of ground hornbill and is the largest species of hornbill. The other species of the genus Bucorvus is the Abyssinian ground hornbill, B. abyssinicus.
View Wikipedia Record: Bucorvus leadbeateri

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  8.30 lbs (3.77 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  100.5 grams
Female Weight [1]  7.37 lbs (3.34 kg)
Male Weight [1]  9.24 lbs (4.19 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  25.3 %
Clutch Size [3]  2
Maximum Longevity [4]  70 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian halophytics Mozambique, Botswana Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Addo Elephant National Park II 348463 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Hlane Royal National Park VI 30892 Swaziland  
Hwange National Park II 3651385 Zimbabwe  
Itala Game Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve II 72822 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Katavi National Park II 1054210 Tanzania
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Lake Manyara National Park II 78767 Tanzania  
Lake Nakuru National Park II 46472 Kenya  
Liwonde National Park II 116740 Malawi  
Ndimba Forest Reserve 3102 Tanzania  
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Shongweni Resources Reserve 42008 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  
Weenen Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
West Caprivi Game Reserve Game Park VI 1448182 Namibia  

Prey / Diet

Dendroaspis polylepis (Black Mamba)[5]
Lygodactylus capensis (Cape Dwarf Gecko)[5]
Phrynobatrachus mababiensis (Mababe River Frog)[5]
Steatomys pratensis (fat mouse)[5]
Stigmochelys pardalis (Leopard Tortoise)[5]
Varanus exanthematicus (Savannah Monitor)[6]
Xenopus muelleri (Mueller's clawed frog)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aonyx capensis (African Clawless Otter)4
Apalis flavida (Yellow-breasted Apalis)1
Ardeotis kori (Kori Bustard)1
Asio capensis (Marsh Owl)3
Atelerix albiventris (Four-toed Hedgehog)1
Canis mesomelas (Black-backed Jackal)5
Dendroaspis polylepis (Black Mamba)4
Eremomela icteropygialis (Yellow-bellied Eremomela)2
Eupodotis senegalensis (White-bellied Bustard)3
Glaucidium perlatum (Pearl-spotted Owlet)4
Haliaeetus vocifer (African Fish Eagle)5
Helogale parvula (Common Dwarf Mongoose)4
Leptailurus serval (Serval)2
Leptoptilos crumeniferus (Marabou Stork)3
Lycaon pictus (African wild dog)1
Necrosyrtes monachus (Hooded Vulture)2
Nycteris grandis (large slit-faced bat)1
Otocyon megalotis (Bat-eared Fox)2
Otolemur crassicaudatus (greater galago)2
Panthera pardus (Leopard)5
Poecilogale albinucha (African Striped Weasel)1
Potamochoerus porcus (red river hog)1
Psammophis angolensis (Dwarf Sand Snake)2
Stigmochelys pardalis (Leopard Tortoise)3
Tachybaptus ruficollis (Little Grebe)4
Tockus nasutus epirhinus (South African grey hornbill)1
Torgos tracheliotus (lappet-faced vulture)2
Varanus niloticus (Nile Monitor, Water Leguaan)3
Xenopus muelleri (Mueller's clawed frog)1

Predators

Panthera leo (Lion)[5]
Panthera pardus (Leopard)[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al Ain Zoo
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Artis Zoo
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Bird Park Marlow
Birdland Park & Gardens
Blaavand Zoo
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Brevard Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Colchester Zoo
Dallas Zoo
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
Gladys Porter Zoo
HeverJardin d'Oiseaux Tropicaux
Honolulu Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
John Ball Zoological Garden
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kansas City Zoo
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Kolmardens Djurpark AB
Linton Zoological Gardens
Lion Country Safari Inc - Florida
Lotherton Bird Garden
Maktoum Wildlife Centre
Marwell Wildlife
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Mitchell Park Zoo
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Moscow Zoological Park
Mulhouse Zoo
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
Natural Encounters, Inc.
NEW Zoo
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Olmense Zoo
Oregon Zoo
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Phoenix Zoo
Potawatomi Zoo
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
Riga Zoo
Roosevelt Park Zoo
Rotterdam Zoo
Safari West
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
Saitama Children's Zoo
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Diego Zoo
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Tautphaus Park Zoo
The Naples Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoo
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Toronto Zoo
Touroparc
Tracy Aviary
Tropiquaria Wildlife Park
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Tygerberg Zoopark
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Umgeni River Bird Park
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
Virginia Zoological Park
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Wildlife World Zoo
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo d'Asson
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de la Bourbansais
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo Negara Malaysia
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Basel
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding

Distribution

Africa;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Kemp, A. 1995. The Hornbills. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 5The Serengeti food web: empirical quantification and analysis of topological changes under increasing human impact, Sara N. de Visser, Bernd P. Freymann and Han Olff, Journal of Animal Ecology 2011, 80, 484–494 6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access