Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Cacatua > Cacatua sulphurea

Cacatua sulphurea (Yellow-crested Cockatoo)

Wikipedia Abstract

The yellow-crested cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea) also known as the lesser sulphur-crested cockatoo, is a medium-sized (approximately 34 cm long) cockatoo with white plumage, bluish-white bare orbital skin, grey feet, a black bill, and a retractile yellow or orange crest. The sexes are similar. Lessor, the cockatoo used in the TV series Baretta, is thought to be a yellow-crested cockatoo but is actually a medium sulphur-crested cockatoo. The yellow-crested cockatoo's diet consists mainly of seeds, buds, fruits, nuts and herbaceous plants.
View Wikipedia Record: Cacatua sulphurea


Cacatua sulphurea abbotti (Solomba lesser sulphur-crestedcockatoo)
Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata (Citron-crested cockatoo)
Cacatua sulphurea parvula (Timor lesser sulphur-crested cockatoo)
Cacatua sulphurea sulphurea (Lesser sulphur-crested cockatoo)

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Cacatua sulphurea

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.25782
EDGE Score: 4.60642


Adult Weight [1]  340 grams
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  50 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  50 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  40 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  60 %
Clutch Size [3]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  50 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Lesser Sundas deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sulawesi lowland rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumba deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Timor and Wetar deciduous forests East Timor, Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Komodo National Park II 514967 Indonesia  
Lore Lindu National Park II 577959 Sulawesi, Indonesia  
Sungei Buloh Wetlands Reserve Nature Reserve IV 325 Singapore  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Bogani Nani Wartabone Indonesia A1, A2  
Buat-Soe Indonesia A1, A2
Buton Utara Indonesia A1, A2
Camplong Indonesia A1, A2
Danau Tempe Indonesia A1, A4i, A4iii
Fatumasin Timor-Leste A1, A2
Gunung Lewotobi Indonesia A1, A2
Gunung Muna Indonesia A1  
Gunung Rinjani Indonesia A1, A2  
Gunung Tambora Indonesia A1, A2  
Gunung Timau Indonesia A1, A2
Irebere estuary and Iliomar forest Timor-Leste A1, A2
Kakinawe Indonesia A1, A2
Kalaotoa Indonesia A1, A2    
Kepulauan Wakatobi Indonesia A1, A2  
Komodo Indonesia A1, A2
Laiwanggi-Wanggameti Indonesia A1, A2
Lambu Sango Indonesia A1, A2
Lembah Palu Indonesia A1, A2
Lore Timor-Leste A1, A2
Lore Lindu Indonesia A1, A2
Luku Melolo Indonesia A1, A2
Manupeu-Tanadaru Indonesia A1, A2
Mbeliling (Tanjung Karita Mese) Indonesia A1, A2  
Monte Paitchau (proposed Conis Santana National Park) Timor-Leste A1, A2
Morowali Indonesia A1, A2
Mount Diatuto Timor-Leste A1, A2
Mount Mak Fahik and Mount Sarim Timor-Leste A1, A2
Ndeki-Komba (dan Nangarawa) Indonesia A1, A2
Nusa Penida Indonesia A1, A2
Poronumbu Indonesia A1, A2
Pulau Moyo Indonesia A1, A2  
Pulau Pasoso Indonesia A1, A2  
Rawa Aopa Watumohai Indonesia A1, A2, A4i
Semau Indonesia A1, A2  
Sungai Clere Timor-Leste A1, A2
Tanah Jampea Indonesia A1  
Tanjung Ngunju (Pangaduhahar) Indonesia A1, A2
Tatar Sepang Indonesia A1, A2  
Tilomar Timor-Leste A1, A2
Tirta Rimba-Baubau Indonesia A1, A2
Todo Repok Indonesia A1, A2
Tuti Adagae Indonesia A1  
Wolo Tado Indonesia A1, A2  
Yawila Indonesia A1, A2

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia Yes

Prey / Diet

Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[4]
Ficus virens[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres cristatellus (Crested Myna)1
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)1
Agropsar sturninus (Daurian Starling)1
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)2
Amaurornis phoenicurus (White-breasted Waterhen)1
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)1
Anthreptes malacensis (Brown-throated Sunbird)1
Aplonis metallica (Metallic Starling)1
Aplonis panayensis (Asian Glossy Starling)1
Arctonyx collaris (Hog Badger)1
Callosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)2
Casuarius casuarius (Southern Cassowary)1
Charmosyna placentis (Red-flanked Lorikeet)1
Cissa chinensis (Common Green Magpie)1
Columba livia (Rock Pigeon)1
Columba vitiensis (Metallic Pigeon)1
Copsychus saularis (Oriental Magpie-Robin)2
Coracina novaehollandiae (Black-faced Cuckooshrike)1
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)1
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)1
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum cruentatum (Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)1
Dicrurus hottentottus (Hair-crested Drongo)1
Dicrurus paradiseus (Greater Racket-tailed Drongo)1
Dobsonia minor (lesser naked-backed fruit bat)1
Dobsonia moluccensis (Moluccan naked-backed fruit bat)1
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)1
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)2
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)2
Garrulax perspicillatus (Masked Laughingthrush)2
Geokichla citrina (Orange-headed Thrush)1
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)1
Gracupica nigricollis (Black-collared Starling)2
Gymnophaps albertisii (Papuan Mountain Pigeon)1
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)1
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)2
Lalage atrovirens (Black-browed Triller)1
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)1
Macroglossus minimus (lesser long-tongued fruit bat)1
Macropygia unchall (Barred Cuckoo-Dove)1
Megalaima faiostricta (Green-eared Barbet)1
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)1
Megalaima oorti (Black-browed Barbet)1
Nyctimene albiventer (common tube-nosed fruit bat)1
Parus major (Great Tit)2
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)2
Phalanger orientalis (Northern Common Cuscus)1
Philemon buceroides (Helmeted Friarbird)1
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)1
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)1
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)1
Pteropus alecto (black flying fox)1
Pteropus conspicillatus (spectacled flying fox)1
Ptilinopus cinctus (Banded Fruit Dove)1
Ptilinopus regina (Rose-crowned Fruit Dove)1
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus aurigaster (Sooty-headed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus sinensis (Light-vented Bulbul)2
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)1
Rhyticeros plicatus (Papuan Hornbill)1
Rousettus amplexicaudatus (Geoffroy's rousette)1
Scythrops novaehollandiae (Channel-billed Cuckoo)1
Sphecotheres viridis (Green Figbird)1
Spodiopsar sericeus (Red-billed Starling)2
Streptopelia chinensis (Spotted Dove)2
Streptopelia orientalis (Oriental Turtle-Dove)1
Sturnia sinensis (White-shouldered Starling)1
Syconycteris australis (southern blossom bat)1
Trachypithecus francoisi (François's leaf monkey)2
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)2
Treron pompadora (Pompadour Green Pigeon)1
Treron vernans (Pink-necked Green Pigeon)1
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)2
Turdus cardis (Japanese Thrush)1
Turdus hortulorum (Grey-backed Thrush)2
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)2
Turdus obscurus (Eyebrowed Thrush)1
Turdus pallidus (Pale Thrush)2
Urocissa erythroryncha (Red-billed Blue Magpie)1
Zosterops japonicus (Japanese White-eye)2

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al Ain Zoo
Alabama Gulf Coast Zoo
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Amazon World
Attica Zoological Park S.A.sulphurea
Binder Park Zoo
Bird Park Marlow
Birmingham Zoocitrinocristata
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanatcitrinocristata
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Chiangmai Zoological Gardensulphurea
City of Belfast Zoocitrinocristata
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardenscitrinocristata
Denver Zoological Gardenscitrinocristata
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
Drayton Manor Park Zoocitrinocristata
Dudley Zoological Gardenscitrinocristata
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Parksulphurea
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
Flamingo Land LTD
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encountersulphurea
Fresno Chaffee Zoosulphurea
Giza Zoological Garden
Gladys Porter Zoosulphurea
Hattiesburg Zoocitrinocristata
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoosulphurea
Johannesburg Zoological Gardenssulphurea
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kadoorie Farm & Botanic Garden
Kaliningrad Zoo
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Longleat Safari Park
Lotherton Bird Garden
Louisville Zoological Garden
Magnetic Hill Zoo
Mitchell Park Zoocitrinocristata
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRLcitrinocristata
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Moscow Zoological Parkcitrinocristata
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Natural Encounters, Inc.sulphurea
North of England Zoological Society
Novosibirsk Zoological Parkcitrinocristata
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFTcitrinocristata
Olmense Zoooccidentalis
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Out of Africa Wildlife Park
Paignton Zoo Environmental Parkcitrinocristata
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Parc des Oiseauxsulphurea
Parc Merveilleux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amnevillesulphurea
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parco Faunistico La Torbieracitrinocristata
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowiesulphurea
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèncitrinocristata
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Pueblo Zoocitrinocristata
Ragunan Zoological Parkparvula
Riga Zoocitrinocristata
Saitama Children's Zoocitrinocristata
San Diego Zoosulphurea
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens
Sharjah Breeding Centre For Endangered
Silver Springs Park
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Sofia Zoological Gardenssulphurea
The Parrot Zoo
The Raptor Foundation
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurtabbotti
Tropical Butterfly Housecitrinocristata
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Umgeni River Bird Parkcitrinocristata
Usti nad Labem Zooabbotti
Utah's Hogle Zoocitrinocristata
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
Wadi Al Safa Wildlife Centre
Wildlife World Zoo
Wilhelma Zoo
Willow Park Zoocitrinocristata
Wingham Wildlife Park
Woburn Safari Park
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)citrinocristata
Zoo Atlantasulphurea
Zoo de Jurquescitrinocristata
Zoo de Pont-Scorffsulphurea
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stenacitrinocristata
Zoo Melaka
Zoo Negara Malaysia
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoocitrinocristata
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Parc de Beauvalcitrinocristata
Zoo Taiping & Night Safaricitrinocristata
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Leipzigcitrinocristata
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding
ZOOMARINE - Mundo Aquatico S.A.

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access